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CHAPTER VI EMU CHALLENGES TO EUROPEAN LABOR MARKETS

CHAPTER VI EMU CHALLENGES TO EUROPEAN LABOR MARKETS »

Source: World Economic Outlook 2000 : Supporting Studies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451944242

Keywords: exchange rate, gold, exchange rates, unemployment, real exchange rate

On “E-day,” January 1, 1999, phase 3 of the Economic and Monetary Union—EMU for short 1 —became reality. The euro area comprises all European Union member states and Sweden, Denmar...

III Macroeconomic Environment and Factors Underlying Growth and Investment

III Macroeconomic Environment and Factors Underlying Growth and Investment »

Source: Jordan : Strategy for Adjustment and Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ahsan Mansur , and Edouard Maciejewski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755582

Keywords: debt, interest, central bank, public debt, external debt

This section provides background information on how Jordan’s adjustment and reform programs and the resulting improved macroeconomic policy environment have influenced investment and growth in recent years....

CHAPTER II THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY SYSTEM IN THE (VERY) LONG RUN

CHAPTER II THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY SYSTEM IN THE (VERY) LONG RUN »

Source: World Economic Outlook 2000 : Supporting Studies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451944242

Keywords: exchange rate, gold, exchange rates, unemployment, real exchange rate

The dawn of the new millennium is an appropriate time to take stock of the evolution of the international monetary system. In most of the literature on this subject, a long view is anything that considers th...

CHAPTER III CURRENCY CRISES: IN SEARCH OF COMMON ELEMENTS

CHAPTER III CURRENCY CRISES: IN SEARCH OF COMMON ELEMENTS »

Source: World Economic Outlook 2000 : Supporting Studies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451944242

Keywords: exchange rate, gold, exchange rates, unemployment, real exchange rate

The financial crisis that erupted in east Asia in the second half of 1997 was the latest in a series of currency crises that at various times in the post–Bretton Woods period have engulfed emerging market ec...

CHAPTER I GLOBALIZATION AND GROWTH IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY

CHAPTER I GLOBALIZATION AND GROWTH IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY »

Source: World Economic Outlook 2000 : Supporting Studies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451944242

Keywords: exchange rate, gold, exchange rates, unemployment, real exchange rate

This chapter reviews the experience of economic growth during the twentieth century in the context of trends in globalization and with a view to highlighting implications relevant to early twenty-first centu...

III Multilateral Unit-Labor-Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries

III Multilateral Unit-Labor-Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries »

Source: Staff Studies for the World Economic Outlook, 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 1998

ISBN: 9781557757012

Keywords: labor standards, inflation, employment, wages, monetary policy

The IMF’s multilateral real exchange rate indices based on relative unit labor costs in manufacturing, which are currently calculated for 21 industrial countries, have for some time...

4 Structural Reform in the CIS-7 Countries

4 Structural Reform in the CIS-7 Countries »

Source: The Low-Income Countries of the Commonwealth of Independent States : Progress and Challenges in Transition

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Sarosh Sattar , and Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589063211

Keywords: debt, external debt, expenditures, current account, transition economies

This chapter analyzes the role of structural reform in the transition experience of the CIS-7 countries. The seven countries share many common features, beginning with their depress...

VI International Labor Standards and International Trade

VI International Labor Standards and International Trade »

Source: Staff Studies for the World Economic Outlook, 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 1998

ISBN: 9781557757012

Keywords: labor standards, inflation, employment, wages, monetary policy

The WTO [World Trade Organization] should, in cooperation with the International Labour Organization, examine in greater detail the important nexus between trade and...

VII The Design of EMU

VII The Design of EMU »

Source: Staff Studies for the World Economic Outlook, 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 1998

ISBN: 9781557757012

Keywords: labor standards, inflation, employment, wages, monetary policy

European Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) is supposed to begin in January 1999. If indeed it goes ahead on schedule, what will this new regime look like and how will it function?...

5 The International Community and Development: Trade, Aid, and the International Financial Institutions

5 The International Community and Development: Trade, Aid, and the International Financial Institutions »

Source: Global Monitoring Report, 2010 : The MDGs after the Crisis

Series: Other Official Rpts and Docs

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2010

ISBN: 9781455215959

Keywords: hiv/aids, safety nets, maternal mortality, external shocks, infant mortality

The global economic crisis severely reduced developing-country external resources by drastically curtailing their export revenues and their access to private capital flows. As elaborated in prev...