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A Status Update on Fiscal Exit Strategies

A Status Update on Fiscal Exit Strategies »

Source: A Status Update on Fiscal Exit Strategies

Volume/Issue: 2010/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2010

ISBN: 9781455210794

Keywords: pension, retirement, health care, retirement age, Structure and Scope of Government: Other, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Deficit Surplus

With a modest recovery in the global economy underway, and amid rising concerns about the sharp increase in government debt in several countries, debate has increasingly focused on the need to identify and implemen...

Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region

Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region »

Source: Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region

Volume/Issue: 2004/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

ISBN: 9781451856071

Keywords: Multinational firms, MENA countries, fdi, investment risk, direct investment

This paper demonstrates that instability associated with investment risk is critical in explaining the level of foreign direct investment for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries, which generally have...

What Explains Private Saving in Mexico?1

What Explains Private Saving in Mexico?1 »

Source: What Explains Private Saving in Mexico?

Volume/Issue: 2006/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Swiston , and Ales Bulir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2006

ISBN: 9781451864519

Keywords: private saving, Ricardian equivalence, dependency ratio, pension, domestic saving,

This paper examines the factors influencing Mexico's private saving rate. Cross-country analysis finds that Mexico's private saving is somewhat higher than could be explained by its fundamentals, but lower than in...

Did Botswana Escape from the Resource Curse?

Did Botswana Escape from the Resource Curse? »

Source: Did Botswana Escape from the Resource Curse?

Volume/Issue: 2006/138

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atsushi Iimi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9781451863987

Keywords: natural resource, natural resource abundance, natural resource management, middle-income countries, Estimation, Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development,

Botswana is typical of the countries that are endowed with abundant natural resources. Although it is commonly accepted that resource-rich economies tend to fail in accelerating growth, Botswana has experienced the...

Italy-Assessing Competition and Efficiency in the Banking System

Italy-Assessing Competition and Efficiency in the Banking System »

Source: Italy-Assessing Competition and Efficiency in the Banking System

Volume/Issue: 2007/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2007

ISBN: 9781451865905

Keywords: efficiency, merger, banking sector, mergers,

The paper assesses the degree of banking competition and efficiency in Italy?over time as well as compared to that in other countries, such as France, Germany, Spain, the United Kingdom, and the United States. The...

Foreign Banks and the Vienna Initiative

Foreign Banks and the Vienna Initiative »

Source: Foreign Banks and the Vienna Initiative : Turning Sinners Into Saints?

Volume/Issue: 2012/117

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ralph De Haas , Yevgeniya Korniyenko , Alexander Pivovarsky , and Elena Loukoianova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2012

ISBN: 9781475503463

Keywords: Foreign Banks, Vienna Initiative, Financial Crisis, State Support, subsidiaries, banking, bank subsidiaries, capital markets, bank lending

We use data on 1,294 banks in Central and Eastern Europe to analyze how bank ownership and creditor coordination in the form of the Vienna Initiative affected credit growth during the 2008-09 crisis. As part of the...

In the Pipeline

In the Pipeline »

Source: In the Pipeline : Georgia's Oil and Gas Transit Revenues

Volume/Issue: 2004/209

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jonathan Dunn , Andreas Billmeier , and Bert van Selm

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

ISBN: 9781451874785

Keywords: Transit fees, fiscal revenue, gas, oil and gas, gas transit, oil producing, oil producing countries, Energy and the Macroeconomy,

Starting in 2005, nontax revenue in Georgia is expected to rise significantly, in the form of transit fees for oil transported through the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan Oil Pipeline. Transit fees for gas transported through...

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Banking Soundness and Recent Lessons

Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Banking Soundness and Recent Lessons »

Source: Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia Banking Soundness and Recent Lessons

Volume/Issue: 2000/145

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2000

ISBN: 9781451856538

Keywords: Banking soundness, banking supervision, banking system, foreign currency, foreign exchange, national bank, Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of, Macedonia, Fyr,

After several years of transition, major weaknesses in the banking and enterprise sectors remain the root cause of low growth. A large share of nonperforming assets in the portfolio of large banks, stemming from lo...

Foreign Direct Investment in Southeastern Europe

Foreign Direct Investment in Southeastern Europe »

Source: Foreign Direct Investment in Southeastern Europe : How (and How Much) Can Policies Help?

Volume/Issue: 2005/110

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elina Ribakova , Balázs Horváth , Dimitri Demekas , and Yi Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2005

ISBN: 9781451861297

Keywords: Southeastern Europe, fdi, direct investment, host country, foreign investment, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Models with Panel Data, Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies: Performance and Prospects,

Gravity factors explain a large part of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows in Southeastern Europe-a region not comprehensively covered before in econometric studies-but hostcountry policies also matter. Key ar...

Forestry Taxation in Africa

Forestry Taxation in Africa »

Source: Forestry Taxation in Africa : The Case of Liberia

Volume/Issue: 2005/156

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Saji Thomas , and Arnim Schwidrowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2005

ISBN: 9781451861754

Keywords: forest, forestry sector, forests, forest management, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, Economywide Country Studies: Africa, Renewable Resources and Conservation: Forestry,

Countries generally tax the forestry sector to achieve the twin objectives of revenue maximization and sustainability of logging levels. In an ideal world of perfect markets and information, auctions would be the b...