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In the Pipeline

In the Pipeline »

Source: In the Pipeline : Georgia's Oil and Gas Transit Revenues

Volume/Issue: 2004/209

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jonathan Dunn , Andreas Billmeier , and Bert van Selm

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2004

ISBN: 9781451874785

Keywords: Transit fees, fiscal revenue, gas, oil and gas, gas transit, oil producing, oil producing countries, Energy and the Macroeconomy,

Starting in 2005, nontax revenue in Georgia is expected to rise significantly, in the form of transit fees for oil transported through the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan Oil Pipeline. Transit fees for gas transported through...

Importing Inputs for Climate Change Mitigation: The Case of Agricultural Productivity

Importing Inputs for Climate Change Mitigation: The Case of Agricultural Productivity »

Source: Importing Inputs for Climate Change Mitigation: The Case of Agricultural Productivity

Volume/Issue: 2019/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu , Alexis Meyer-Cirkel , Akira Sasahara , and Hans Weisfeld

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 February 2019

ISBN: 9781484393826

Keywords: Price indexes, Economic growth, Real effective exchange rates, Total factor productivity, Capital stocks, Agricultural Productivity;TFP;Imported Inputs;Weather Shocks;Climate Change Mitigation;LICs.;high-income country;low share;value-added;middle-income country

This paper estimates agricultural total factor productivity (TFP) in 162 countries between 1991 and 2015 and aims to understand sources of cross-country variations in agricultural TFP levels and its growth rates. T...

Growth Spillover Dynamics From Crisis to Recovery

Growth Spillover Dynamics From Crisis to Recovery »

Source: Growth Spillover Dynamics From Crisis to Recovery

Volume/Issue: 2011/218

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Helene Poirson Ward , and Sebastian Weber

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2011

ISBN: 9781463903510

Keywords: Growth, Crisis, Recovery, Euro zone, domestic demand, trade channels, transmission of shocks, external shocks,

Can positive growth shocks from the faster-growing countries in Europe spill over to the slower growing countries, providing useful tailwinds to their recovery process? This study investigates the potential relevan...

Do Fiscal Spillovers Matter?

Do Fiscal Spillovers Matter? »

Source: Do Fiscal Spillovers Matter?

Volume/Issue: 2011/211

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sebastian Weber , and Anna Ivanova

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2011

ISBN: 9781463902315

Keywords: coordinated fiscal exit, fiscal changes, fiscal consolidation, fiscal measure, Macroeconomic Aspects Of International Trade And Finance, Macroeconomic - Aspects Of Public Finance, Macroeconomic Policy, And General Outlook, general Aggregative Models,

The paper assesses the impact of fiscal spillovers on growth in the context of a coordinated exit from crisis management policies. We find that despite potentially sizeable domestic effects from consolidation, aggr...

Long-Term Macroeconomic Effects of Climate Change: A Cross-Country Analysis*

Long-Term Macroeconomic Effects of Climate Change: A Cross-Country Analysis* »

Source: Long-Term Macroeconomic Effects of Climate Change: A Cross-Country Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2019/215

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Matthew Kahn , Kamiar Mohaddes , Ryan Ng , M. Pesaran , Mehdi Raissi , and Jui-Chung Yang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 October 2019

ISBN: 9781513514598

Keywords: Greenhouse gas emissions, Economic growth, Real sector, Economic cooperation, Economic indicators, Climate change, adaptation, counterfactual analysis., WP, historical norm

We study the long-term impact of climate change on economic activity across countries, using a stochastic growth model where labor productivity is affected by country-specific climate variables-defined as deviation...

Carbon Taxes

Carbon Taxes »

Source: Carbon Taxes : Their Macroeconomic Effects and Prospects for Global Adoption: A Survey of the Literature

Volume/Issue: 1998/73

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ved Gandhi , and Javier Cuervo

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 1998

ISBN: 9781451849431

Keywords: carbon tax, climate change, double dividend, economic growth, greenhouse gas emissions, global warming, income distribution, international competitiveness, Kyoto protocol, carbon taxes

The carbon tax is a major instrument for curbing greenhouse gas emissions that cause global warming. Yet its adoption has been limited because of concerns over its effects on economic growth, income distribution, a...

Tax Concessions and Foreign Direct Investment in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union

Tax Concessions and Foreign Direct Investment in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union »

Source: Tax Concessions and Foreign Direct Investment in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union

Volume/Issue: 2008/257

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jingqing Chai , and Rishi Goyal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2008

ISBN: 9781451871159

Keywords: Corporate taxes, Developing countries, Eastern Caribbean Currency Union, Investment incentives, Foreign direct investment, Import tariffs, Tax policy, Tax competition, Concessions, Incentives

Tax concessions have been employed as a central component of the development strategy in the small island states comprising the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union. This paper compares the costs of concessions in term...

This Changes Everything: Climate Shocks and Sovereign Bonds

This Changes Everything: Climate Shocks and Sovereign Bonds »

Source: This Changes Everything: Climate Shocks and Sovereign Bonds

Volume/Issue: 2020/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Serhan Cevik , and João Tovar Jalles

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 June 2020

ISBN: 9781513546216

Keywords: Climatic changes, Bond markets, Bond yields, Municipal bonds, Financial statistics, Climate change, vulnerability, resilience, government bond yields and spreads, WP

Climate change is already a systemic risk to the global economy. While there is a large body of literature documenting potential economic consequences, there is scarce research on the link between climate change an...

Bond Restructuring and Moral Hazard

Bond Restructuring and Moral Hazard »

Source: Bond Restructuring and Moral Hazard : Are Collective Action Clauses Costly?

Volume/Issue: 2001/92

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Torbjorn Becker , Anthony Richards , and Yunyong Thaicharoen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

ISBN: 9781451851595

Keywords: Bond restructuring, contract design, law, bonds, bond, bondholders, International Lending and Debt Problems,

Many official groups have endorsed the wider use by emerging market borrowers of contract clauses which allow for a qualified majority of bondholders to restructure repayment terms in the event of financial distres...

Spillovers of Domestic Shocks

Spillovers of Domestic Shocks »

Source: Spillovers of Domestic Shocks : Will They Counteract the 'Great Moderation'?

Volume/Issue: 2010/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashoka Mody , and Alina Carare

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982213

Keywords: Output growth volatility, vertical specialization, output growth, domestic shocks, global trade,

Even prior to the extreme volatility just observed, output growth volatility-following protracted decline-was flattening or mildly rising in some countries. More widespread was an increasing tendency from the mid-1...