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Increases in Quotas: Fourth Quinquennial Review

Increases in Quotas: Fourth Quinquennial Review »

Source: IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III: Documents

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451972511

Keywords: gold, member country, balance of payments, foreign exchange, international trade

The Fund is required at intervals of five years to review the quotas of members and to propose any adjustments that it believes to be desirable. No changes were proposed in the course of the fir...

CHAPTER 6 Determinants of China’s Private Consumption: An International Perspective

CHAPTER 6 Determinants of China’s Private Consumption: An International Perspective »

Source: Rebalancing Growth in Asia : Economic Dimensions for China

Series: Books

Author(s): Vivek Arora , and Roberto Cardarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2011

ISBN: 9781616350567

Keywords: employment, private consumption, corporate governance, share of employment, export growth

INTRODUCTION China’s private consumption as a share of GDP has declined from around 55 percent in the early 1980s to around 37 percent in 2008. The decline in a country’s share of pr...

Adequacy of Monetary Reserves

Adequacy of Monetary Reserves »

Source: IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III: Documents

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451972511

Keywords: gold, member country, balance of payments, foreign exchange, international trade

On July 10, 1952, ECOSOC passed a resolution following an examination of a report entitled Measures for International Economic Stability. This resolution, inter alia, asked the Fund to keep unde...

5 Where Are We Going? The Output Gap and Potential Growth

5 Where Are We Going? The Output Gap and Potential Growth »

Source: Post-Bubble Blues : How Japan Responded to Asset Price Collapse

Series: Books

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , and Charles Collyns

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 March 2000

ISBN: 9781557758729

Keywords: debt, loans, interest, creditors, fiscal policy

Estimating potential output is a basic tool in macroeconomics. The growth of potential provides an indicator of the likely evolution of activity over the next few years, while the output gap is central to ma...

12 Local Taxation in an International Perspective

12 Local Taxation in an International Perspective »

Source: Reforming China's Public Finances

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

Local taxes enhance the autonomy of local governments and their accountability. The joint effect is to enable citizens to influence the quantity and the mix of servi...

9 Making Tax Policy Pro-Growth

9 Making Tax Policy Pro-Growth »

Source: India Goes Global : Its Expanding Role in the Global Economy

Series: Books

Author(s): Catriona Purfield , and Jerald Schiff

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 August 2006

ISBN: 9781589065680

Keywords: fdi, exchange rate, banking, direct investment, taxation

Despite recent reforms to the personal and corporate income taxes and the introduction of a state value-added-tax (VAT) on goods in April 2005, India’s competitivene...

5 Inflation and Monetary Policy Reform

5 Inflation and Monetary Policy Reform »

Source: Australia : Benefiting from Economic Reforms

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757326

Keywords: inflation, unemployment, monetary policy, employment, current account deficit

A key feature of Australia’s economic performance in the 1970s and for most of the 1980s was relatively high inflation. In the 1970s, inflation rose more sharply than in other OECD countries and, in the 1980...

Chapter 12 Institutional Change, Trade Composition, and Export Supply Potential in China

Chapter 12 Institutional Change, Trade Composition, and Export Supply Potential in China »

Source: Inflation and Growth in China

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557755421

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, money supply, foreign exchange, central bank

The main objectives of this paper are to analyze the changing composition of China’s trade within the context of the reform of the Chinese economy and to discuss its...

Enlargement of Fund Resources Through Increases in Quotas

Enlargement of Fund Resources Through Increases in Quotas »

Source: IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III: Documents

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451972511

Keywords: gold, member country, balance of payments, foreign exchange, international trade

At the Annual Meetings in 1958 the subject discussed in the preceding document was extensively canvassed by Governors. On the motion of the Governor for the United States, a resolution was passe...

Compensatory Financing: First Report

Compensatory Financing: First Report »

Source: IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III: Documents

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451972511

Keywords: gold, member country, balance of payments, foreign exchange, international trade

In March 1959 the UN Commission on International Commodity Trade agreed to consider at its next session, in May 1960, international measures designed to compensate for fluctuations in export rec...