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Dealing with Increased Risk of Natural Disasters

Dealing with Increased Risk of Natural Disasters »

Source: Dealing with Increased Risk of Natural Disasters : Challenges and Options

Volume/Issue: 2003/197

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen , Paul Freeman , and Muthukumara Mani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

ISBN: 9781451860030

Keywords: Natural Disasters, Climate Change, Urbanization, disaster, disasters, hurricane, disaster risk, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, Economic Development: General, Natural Disaster,

Natural disaster risk is emerging as an increasingly important constraint on economic development and poverty reduction. This paper first sets out the key stylized facts in the area-that the costs of disaster have...

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment »

Source: Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment : A Review and Synthesis

Volume/Issue: 1993/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenneth M. Miranda , Ian Parry , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451844443

Keywords: subsidy, environmental degradation, environmental policy

Commonly cited environmental instruments in the legal, regulatory, and fiscal domains are intended primarily to address market failures to ensure that environmental degradation and resource use is contained to appr...

Trends and Future Directions in Tax Policy Reform

Trends and Future Directions in Tax Policy Reform »

Source: Trends and Future Directions in Tax Policy Reform : A Latin American Perspective

Volume/Issue: 1992/43

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Parthasarathi Shome

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1992

ISBN: 9781451846263

Keywords: tax reform, taxation, corporate income tax, tax structure

Tax reform in Latin America during the 1980s emphasized broad-based, low-rate consumption taxes over steeply progressive income and property taxes, primarily to simplify the tax structure and facilitate tax adminis...

The United States and the New Regionalism/ Bilateralism

The United States and the New Regionalism/ Bilateralism »

Source: The United States and the New Regionalism/ Bilateralism

Volume/Issue: 2003/206

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang , and Alvin Hilaire

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

ISBN: 9781451874624

Keywords: integration, regionalism, global trade analysis, trade diversion, global trade, trade agreement, trade arrangements,

Current U.S. trade policy stresses establishing free trade areas (FTAs) with partners spanning the globe. Motivations include enhancing goods and services trade; stimulating investment flows; extending standards on...

Guyana

Guyana »

Source: Guyana : Why Has Growth Stopped? An Empirical Study on the Stagnation of Economic Growth

Volume/Issue: 2007/86

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Judith Gold , Ruben Atoyan , and Cornelia Staritz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866506

Keywords: institutions, growth rates, growth accounting, private investment, capital formation, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Comparative Studies of Countries,

After a period of exceptionally strong economic performance, Guyana's growth has stagnated since 1998. The paper tries to identify the factors that can explain this dramatic deterioration in economic performance. T...

Tax Concessions and Foreign Direct Investment in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union

Tax Concessions and Foreign Direct Investment in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union »

Source: Tax Concessions and Foreign Direct Investment in the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union

Volume/Issue: 2008/257

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jingqing Chai , and Rishi Goyal

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2008

ISBN: 9781451871159

Keywords: Concessions, Incentives, ECCU, fdi, tax incentives, direct investment,

Tax concessions have been employed as a central component of the development strategy in the small island states comprising the Eastern Caribbean Currency Union. This paper compares the costs of concessions in term...

The Complier Pays Principle

The Complier Pays Principle »

Source: The Complier Pays Principle : The Limits of Fiscal Approaches toward Sustainable Forest Management

Volume/Issue: 2000/51

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Leruth , R. Paris , and I. Ruzicka

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

ISBN: 9781451847109

Keywords: Sustainable management, forestry taxation, forest, forest management, environmental damage, forests, sustainable forest management

This paper examines the role and impact of taxation on sustainable forest management. It is shown that fiscal instruments neither reinforce nor substitute for traditional regulatory approaches. Far from encouraging...

Political Economy of Multi-Level Tax Assignments in Latin American Countries

Political Economy of Multi-Level Tax Assignments in Latin American Countries »

Source: Political Economy of Multi-Level Tax Assignments in Latin American Countries : Earmarked Revenue Versus Tax Autonomy

Volume/Issue: 2008/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giorgio Brosio , and Ehtisham Ahmad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451869330

Keywords: taxation, property tax, tax administration, tax collections

A weakness of decentralization and overall tax reforms in Latin America is the lack of attention to adequate taxation at the subnational government. A reliance on shared taxes with extensive earmarking leads to wea...

Foreign Direct Investment and Structural Reforms

Foreign Direct Investment and Structural Reforms »

Source: Foreign Direct Investment and Structural Reforms : Evidence from Eastern Europe and Latin America

Volume/Issue: 2008/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yuko Kinoshita , and Nauro Campos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

ISBN: 9781451868883

Keywords: fdi, financial sector, direct investment

This paper investigates the role of structural reforms -financial reforms, trade liberalization, and privatization- as determinants of FDI inflows based on newly constructed dataset on structural reforms for 19 Lat...

External Debt Management in Low-Income Countries

External Debt Management in Low-Income Countries »

Source: External Debt Management in Low-Income Countries

Volume/Issue: 2000/196

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sheku Bangura , Robert Powell , and Damoni Kitabire

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2000

ISBN: 9781451859959

Keywords: external debt management, HIPCs, low-income countries, debt unit, central bank, Low Income Developing Countries,

Improving debt management capacity in Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPCs) is a key element of the international community’s strategy for ensuring a robust and sustained exit from unsustainable debt burde...