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27 Hungary

27 Hungary »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Prior to 1990, Hungary had a unitary and centralized system of government with lower tiers having little independent revenue or expenditure autonomy. Hungary has since reformed its Constitution and decentral...

The Global Environment Facility

The Global Environment Facility »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1991

Volume/Issue: 28/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1991

ISBN: 9781451953046

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates, monetary authorities, exchange rate regime

European Community member states now face critical decisions on the design and implementation of monetary policy...

Curbing Pollution in Developing Countries

Curbing Pollution in Developing Countries »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1991

Volume/Issue: 28/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1991

ISBN: 9781451953046

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates, monetary authorities, exchange rate regime

European Community member states now face critical decisions on the design and implementation of monetary policy...

Accounting for the Environment

Accounting for the Environment »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1991

Volume/Issue: 28/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1991

ISBN: 9781451953046

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary policy, exchange rates, monetary authorities, exchange rate regime

European Community member states now face critical decisions on the design and implementation of monetary policy...

Why Inflation Targeting?

Why Inflation Targeting? »

Source: Why Inflation Targeting?

Volume/Issue: 2009/86

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Charles Freedman , and Douglas Laxton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872330

Keywords: rate of inflation, central bank

This is the second chapter of a forthcoming monograph entitled "On Implementing Full-Fledged Inflation-Targeting Regimes: Saying What You Do and Doing What You Say." We begin by discussing the costs of inflation, i...

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

This paper identifies policy tools that could be used for fiscal consolidation in advanced and emerging economies in the years ahead. The consolidation strategy, particularly in advanced countries, should aim to st...

Chapter: 3 Relevance and Utilization

Chapter: 3 Relevance and Utilization »

Source: Research at the IMF : Relevance and Utilization

Series: Independent Evaluation Office Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Independent Evaluation Office

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 March 2013

ISBN: 9781616351540

Keywords: monetary fund, research activities, research department, monetary policy, research output

16. This chapter examines the relevance and utilization of different I MF research products to country authorities and IMF staff, as well as other stakeholders, mainly based on interviews and surveys. It ass...

V Stabilization, Reform, and the Role of External Financing in the Countries in Transition

V Stabilization, Reform, and the Role of External Financing in the Countries in Transition »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1994

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557753816

Keywords: interest, debt, unemployment, payments, inflation

Output has stabilized or begun to increase in those countries in transition that have made the most progress in macroeconomic stabilization. In many other countries, however, inflation and budget deficits re...

CHAPTER 2 Expenditure Reform

CHAPTER 2 Expenditure Reform »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

Expenditure Reform: Key Principles Expenditure reforms should be guided by two objectives: Improving the efficien...

IV. Adjustment Measures and Institutions

IV. Adjustment Measures and Institutions »

Source: Navigating the Fiscal Challenges Ahead

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 2010

ISBN: 9781455280490

Keywords: net debt, public debt, fiscal adjustment, government debt, debt ratios

A. Strategies for Adjustment 36. Achieving large fiscal adjustments will require a variety of measures, with emphasis likely on the expenditure side. This section summarizes recent w...