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Dollarization of the Banking System

Dollarization of the Banking System »

Source: Dollarization of the Banking System : Good or Bad?

Volume/Issue: 2003/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gianni De Nicolo , Patrick Honohan , and Alain Ize

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

ISBN: 9781451856668

Keywords: Financial Deepening, Financial Instability, inflation, foreign currency, foreign exchange, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration,

This paper assesses the benefits and risks associated with dollarization of the banking system. We provide novel empirical evidence on the determinants of dollarization, its role in promoting financial development,...

Relative Price Stability, Creditor Rights, and Financial Deepening

Relative Price Stability, Creditor Rights, and Financial Deepening »

Source: Relative Price Stability, Creditor Rights, and Financial Deepening

Volume/Issue: 2007/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pablo Druck , Alexander Plekhanov , and Mario Dehesa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9781451867039

Keywords: Private credit, creditor rights, volatility, relative price, relative price variability, high inflation, price stability,

The paper provides a theoretical and cross-country empirical analysis of the determinants of financial deepening, and finds that higher credit-to-GDP ratios are associated with stronger creditor rights and lower in...

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending »

Source: Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending : Theory and Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2015/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

ISBN: 9781475580747

Keywords: Energy subsidies, Public social spending, Causality, subsidy, tax, energy subsidy, Cross-Sectional Models, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, Causality.,

This paper shows that high energy subsidies and low public social spending can emerge as an equilibrium outcome of a political game between the elite and the middle-class when the provision of public goods is subje...

Institutional Quality and International Trade

Institutional Quality and International Trade »

Source: Institutional Quality and International Trade

Volume/Issue: 2004/231

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrei Levchenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2004

ISBN: 9781451875560

Keywords: institutions, incomplete contracts, institutional quality, factor endowments, factor price, trade opening, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions,

The quality of institutions-meaning the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, shareholder protection, and the like-has received a great deal of attention in recent years. The purposes of this paper are...

From Ambition to Execution

From Ambition to Execution »

Source: From Ambition to Execution : Policies in Support of Sustainable Development Goals

Volume/Issue: 2015/18

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio , Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu , Catherine Pattillo , Adrian Peralta-Alva , Andrea Presbitero , Baoping Shang , Genevieve Verdier , Marie-Therese Camilleri , Kazuaki Washimi , Lisa Kolovich , Monique Newiak , Martin Cihak , Inci Otker , Luis-Felipe Zanna , and Carol Baker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513573304

Keywords: Inclusive growth, Income inequality, Gender, Environmental sustainability, Sustainable development, Fiscal policy, Developing countries, sustainable development goals, growth, structural transformation

The formal launch of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) sets the global development agenda through 2030, placing significant emphasis on promoting social and environmental sustainability alongside economic gr...

II New Official Financing Flows to Developing Countries

II New Official Financing Flows to Developing Countries »

Source: Official Financing for Developing Countries 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 1998

ISBN: 9781557757029

Keywords: debt, creditors, interest, external debt, debt service

Official bilateral financing remains an important source of finance for developing countries, particularly countries with limited access to international capital markets. Analysis of the flows must take into...

Appendix VII. Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 1999

Appendix VII. Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 1999 »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1999

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1999

ISBN: 9781451945232

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, external debt

DirectorAlternate CastingVotes of Votes byCountry TotalVotes...

APPENDIX VII Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 2001

APPENDIX VII Executive Directors and Voting Power on April 30, 2001 »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2001 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2001

ISBN: 9781589060623

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, financial statements

Director Alternate Casting Votes of Votes byCount...

APPENDIX VIII Changes in Membership of the Executive Board

APPENDIX VIII Changes in Membership of the Executive Board »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 2001 : Making the Global Economy Work for All

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2001

ISBN: 9781589060623

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, financial statements

Changes in membership of the Executive Board between May 1, 2000, and April 30, 2001, were as follows: Agustin Carstens completed his term of service as Executive Director for Costa Rica, El Salvado...

IV Developments in Exchange Rate Arrangements and Markets

IV Developments in Exchange Rate Arrangements and Markets »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

According to the IMF’s official classification of exchange arrangements, there has been a gradual move away from pegged regimes into more flexible arrangements. This classification scheme has, however, a num...