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27 Hungary

27 Hungary »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Prior to 1990, Hungary had a unitary and centralized system of government with lower tiers having little independent revenue or expenditure autonomy. Hungary has since reformed its Constitution and decentral...

How Successful Are IMF-Supported Adjustment programs?

How Successful Are IMF-Supported Adjustment programs? »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1996

Volume/Issue: 33/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451952681

Keywords: gas, oil and gas, gas projects, oil and gas sector, gas sector

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

The Implicit Pension Debt

The Implicit Pension Debt »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1996

Volume/Issue: 33/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451952681

Keywords: gas, oil and gas, gas projects, oil and gas sector, gas sector

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Public Policy and the Environment

Public Policy and the Environment »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1991

Volume/Issue: 28/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1991

ISBN: 9781451952490

Keywords: capital outflows, financial markets, short-term capital, liquid liabilities, capital flows

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

The Great Rebalancing Act

The Great Rebalancing Act »

Source: The Great Rebalancing Act : Can Investment Be a Lever in Asia?

Volume/Issue: 2011/35

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455217915

Keywords: Rebalancing, financing constraints, private investment, capital goods, investment spending, investment rate, venture capital, Economywide Country Studies: Asia including Middle East,

Ensuring stable growth in the postcrisis world economy will require a rebalancing of economic activity in several countries. In Asia's export-dependent economies, this entails relying more on private domestic deman...

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

This paper identifies policy tools that could be used for fiscal consolidation in advanced and emerging economies in the years ahead. The consolidation strategy, particularly in advanced countries, should aim to st...

A Debt Overhang Model for Low-Income Countries

A Debt Overhang Model for Low-Income Countries »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 55, No. 4

Volume: 55

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067257

Keywords: copper, nickel, zinc, lead, tin, Super Cycles in Real Metals Prices?,

In this issue, John T. Cuddington and Daniel Jerrett from the Colorado School of Mines examine whether metals prices are in a "super cycle" upswing driven by intensive economic growth in China, in particular. Using...

Spillovers of Domestic Shocks

Spillovers of Domestic Shocks »

Source: Spillovers of Domestic Shocks : Will They Counteract the 'Great Moderation'?

Volume/Issue: 2010/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashoka Mody , and Alina Carare

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982213

Keywords: Output growth volatility, vertical specialization, output growth, domestic shocks, global trade,

Even prior to the extreme volatility just observed, output growth volatility-following protracted decline-was flattening or mildly rising in some countries. More widespread was an increasing tendency from the mid-1...

Measuring Energy Security

Measuring Energy Security »

Source: Measuring Energy Security : Trends in the Diversification of Oil and Natural Gas Supplies

Volume/Issue: 2011/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prakash Loungani , Frederick Joutz , and Gail Cohen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455217878

Keywords: Energy Security, Energy Independence, Diversification, OECD Energy Use, gas, natural gas, oil and gas, natural gas supplies, gas supplies, Energy: Demand and Supply

We present evidence on one facet of energy security in OECD economies - the extent of diversification in sources of oil and natural gas supplies. Viewed from the perspective of the energy-importing countries as a w...

CHAPTER IV INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INTEGRATION AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

CHAPTER IV INTERNATIONAL FINANCIAL INTEGRATION AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 2001 : The Information Technology Revolution

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 May 2001

ISBN: 9781589060739

Keywords: capital account liberalization, information technology, capital flows, fdi, external financing

Globalization of the world economy has been driven by a variety of forces: rising trade in goods, increasing international capital flows, greater technological spillovers, and growing labor mobility. This ch...