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27 Hungary

27 Hungary »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Prior to 1990, Hungary had a unitary and centralized system of government with lower tiers having little independent revenue or expenditure autonomy. Hungary has since reformed its Constitution and decentral...

The Great Rebalancing Act

The Great Rebalancing Act »

Source: The Great Rebalancing Act : Can Investment Be a Lever in Asia?

Volume/Issue: 2011/35

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455217915

Keywords: Rebalancing, financing constraints, private investment, capital goods, investment spending, investment rate, venture capital, Economywide Country Studies: Asia including Middle East,

Ensuring stable growth in the postcrisis world economy will require a rebalancing of economic activity in several countries. In Asia's export-dependent economies, this entails relying more on private domestic deman...

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

This paper identifies policy tools that could be used for fiscal consolidation in advanced and emerging economies in the years ahead. The consolidation strategy, particularly in advanced countries, should aim to st...

A Debt Overhang Model for Low-Income Countries

A Debt Overhang Model for Low-Income Countries »

Source: IMF Staff Papers, Volume 55, No. 4

Volume: 55

Series: IMF Staff Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067257

Keywords: copper, nickel, zinc, lead, tin, Super Cycles in Real Metals Prices?,

In this issue, John T. Cuddington and Daniel Jerrett from the Colorado School of Mines examine whether metals prices are in a "super cycle" upswing driven by intensive economic growth in China, in particular. Using...

Spillovers of Domestic Shocks

Spillovers of Domestic Shocks »

Source: Spillovers of Domestic Shocks : Will They Counteract the 'Great Moderation'?

Volume/Issue: 2010/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashoka Mody , and Alina Carare

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982213

Keywords: Output growth volatility, vertical specialization, output growth, domestic shocks, global trade,

Even prior to the extreme volatility just observed, output growth volatility-following protracted decline-was flattening or mildly rising in some countries. More widespread was an increasing tendency from the mid-1...

Measuring Energy Security

Measuring Energy Security »

Source: Measuring Energy Security : Trends in the Diversification of Oil and Natural Gas Supplies

Volume/Issue: 2011/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prakash Loungani , Frederick Joutz , and Gail Cohen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455217878

Keywords: Energy Security, Energy Independence, Diversification, OECD Energy Use, gas, natural gas, oil and gas, natural gas supplies, gas supplies, Energy: Demand and Supply

We present evidence on one facet of energy security in OECD economies - the extent of diversification in sources of oil and natural gas supplies. Viewed from the perspective of the energy-importing countries as a w...

Appendix I Status of MTN Agreements1

Appendix I Status of MTN Agreements1 »

Source: Trade Policy Developments in Industrial Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Wanda Tseng , Lorenzo Pérez , Zubair Iqbal , and Shailendra Anjaria

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1981

ISBN: 9781557750822

Keywords: international trade, oil exporting, exporting developing countries, bilateral agreements, quantitative restrictions

Agreement Accepted by Signed, Subject to Ratificati...

Appendix II GATT Classifications

Appendix II GATT Classifications »

Source: Trade Policy Developments in Industrial Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Wanda Tseng , Lorenzo Pérez , Zubair Iqbal , and Shailendra Anjaria

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1981

ISBN: 9781557750822

Keywords: international trade, oil exporting, exporting developing countries, bilateral agreements, quantitative restrictions

Classification of Countries and Regions Following the definitions used in the GATT publication, International Trade, 1979/80, the trading world is divided into:...

Discussion

Discussion »

Source: Banking Soundness and Monetary Policy

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756459

Keywords: loans, interest, banking system, banking sector

Mr. Škreb wondered whether it would be possible to set uniform standards for bank soundness across countries, given widely differing economic environments. Mr. Kovacs asked about the interlinks...

Appendix III Data on Antidumping, Safeguards, and Similar Actions

Appendix III Data on Antidumping, Safeguards, and Similar Actions »

Source: Trade Policy Developments in Industrial Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Wanda Tseng , Lorenzo Pérez , Zubair Iqbal , and Shailendra Anjaria

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1981

ISBN: 9781557750822

Keywords: international trade, oil exporting, exporting developing countries, bilateral agreements, quantitative restrictions

Table 7. United States: Antidumping, Countervailing Duties, and Escape Clause Actions During 1978–80 1...