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16 Financial Sector Reform and Central Banking in Centrally Planned Economies

16 Financial Sector Reform and Central Banking in Centrally Planned Economies »

Source: The Evolving Role of Central Banks

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751850

Keywords: central bank, banking, monetary policy, national bank, inflation

In centrally planned economies, economic reforms refer to measures aimed at decentralizing decision making on prices and quantities, and giving market forces a more...

III Multilateral Unit-Labor-Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries

III Multilateral Unit-Labor-Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries »

Source: Staff Studies for the World Economic Outlook, 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 1998

ISBN: 9781557757012

Keywords: labor standards, inflation, employment, wages, monetary policy

The IMF’s multilateral real exchange rate indices based on relative unit labor costs in manufacturing, which are currently calculated for 21 industrial countries, have for some time...

11 Central Bank Independence in Austria

11 Central Bank Independence in Austria »

Source: The Evolving Role of Central Banks

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751850

Keywords: central bank, banking, monetary policy, national bank, inflation

I would like to discuss the evolution of central bank independence in Austria and how it functions today. I shall first give a short history as background and then describe the pres...

VIII Prices in the Transition: Ten Stylized Facts

VIII Prices in the Transition: Ten Stylized Facts »

Source: Staff Studies for the World Economic Outlook, 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 1998

ISBN: 9781557757012

Keywords: labor standards, inflation, employment, wages, monetary policy

For several decades, most prices in the centrally planned economies were set administratively, with little regard for cost or demand. Exceptions included farmers’ markets, where var...

Main Developments in the World Economy

Main Developments in the World Economy »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1996

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755940

Keywords: inflation, current account, central bank, monetary policy, balance of payments

World economic growth moderated slightly in 1995, to 3½ percent—marginally below its long-term trend rate, but above growth rates during the 1990–93 global slowdown (Chart 1). The minor change in global aver...

IV. Adjustment Measures and Institutions

IV. Adjustment Measures and Institutions »

Source: Navigating the Fiscal Challenges Ahead

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 2010

ISBN: 9781455280490

Keywords: net debt, public debt, fiscal adjustment, government debt, debt ratios

A. Strategies for Adjustment 36. Achieving large fiscal adjustments will require a variety of measures, with emphasis likely on the expenditure side. This section summarizes recent w...

9 Assessing Current Prudential Arrangements

9 Assessing Current Prudential Arrangements »

Source: Integrating Europe's Financial Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Jörg Decressin , Wim Fonteyne , and Hamid Faruqee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 September 2007

ISBN: 9781589066236

Keywords: financial markets, financial institutions, financial services

This chapter analyzes regulatory and supervisory frameworks in the European Union, building on assessments carried out under the IMF-World Bank Financial Sector Assessment Program(FSAP). 1...

6 Risk Profiles of Financial Institutions

6 Risk Profiles of Financial Institutions »

Source: Integrating Europe's Financial Markets

Series: Books

Author(s): Jörg Decressin , Wim Fonteyne , and Hamid Faruqee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 September 2007

ISBN: 9781589066236

Keywords: financial markets, financial institutions, financial services

This chapter 1 explores the impact of financial integration on system-wide risk profiles of publicly traded European financial institutions. The chapter provides an overview of in...

10 Taxation of Wealth

10 Taxation of Wealth »

Source: Tax Law Design and Drafting, Volume 1

Series: Books

Author(s): Victor Thuronyi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 August 1996

ISBN: 9781557755872

Keywords: inflation, vat, social security, taxation, tax administration

I. Introduction Two major types of taxes are levied on wealth: those applied sporadically or periodically on a person’s wealth (net wealth taxes), and those applied on a transfer of...

Fund Financial Operations and Policies

Fund Financial Operations and Policies »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1996

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755940

Keywords: inflation, current account, central bank, monetary policy, balance of payments

New commitments of Fund resources under stand-by, extended, and SAF/ESAF arrangements rose to a record level of SDR 19.7 billion in 1995/96, mainly reflecting augmentation of access under Mexico’s stand-by a...