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Islamic Republic of Iran

Islamic Republic of Iran »

Source: Islamic Republic of Iran : Selected Issues Paper

Volume/Issue: 2010/76

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451981803

Keywords: electricity, energy policy, energy efficiency, electricity production, petroleum products

This Selected Issues paper discusses the economics of energy price reform in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Economic policies in Iran have traditionally relied on the abundant availability of energy at a low price t...

International Environmental Taxation in the Absence of Sovereignty

International Environmental Taxation in the Absence of Sovereignty »

Source: International Environmental Taxation in the Absence of Sovereignty

Volume/Issue: 1992/104

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bernard Herber

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1992

ISBN: 9781451947847

Keywords: environmental externalities, environment, global environment facility, carbon tax, global warming

Traditional public finance theory may be applied to the internalization of international environmental externalities. The policy constraint imposed by the absence of sovereign international government may be partia...

Taxation of Petroleum Products

Taxation of Petroleum Products »

Source: Taxation of Petroleum Products : Theory and Empirical Evidence

Volume/Issue: 1994/32

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Poonam Gupta , and Walter Mahler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1994

ISBN: 9781451979756

Keywords: petroleum products, fuel oil, automotive diesel, heavy fuel oil, petroleum prices

The domestic taxation of petroleum products is an important source of revenue in most countries. However, there is a wide variation of tax rates on petroleum products across countries, which cannot be explained by...

Who's Going Green and Why? Trends and Determinants of Green Investment

Who's Going Green and Why? Trends and Determinants of Green Investment »

Source: Who's Going Green and Why? Trends and Determinants of Green Investment

Volume/Issue: 2011/296

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Eyraud , Changchang Zhang , Abdoul Wane , and Benedict Clements

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2011

ISBN: 9781463927301

Keywords: crude oil, fossil fuel, renewable energy, carbon emissions, fossil fuels, Recreational Aspects of Natural Resources, Energy: General, Alternative Energy Sources, Renewable Resources And Conservation,

This paper fills a gap in the macroeconomic literature on renewable sources of energy. It offers a definition of green investment and analyzes the trends and determinants of this investment over the last decade for...

CHAPTER 2. COUNTRY AND REGIONAL PERSPECTIVES

CHAPTER 2. COUNTRY AND REGIONAL PERSPECTIVES »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2008 : Housing and the Business Cycle

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067196

Keywords: commodity prices, emission, monetary policy, mortgage, domestic demand

United States and Canada: How Long Will the Slowdown Last? The U.S. economy slowed markedly to grow 2.2 percent in 2007, down from almost 3 percent in 2006 (Table 2.1). The pace of a...

STATISTICAL APPENDIX

STATISTICAL APPENDIX »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2008 : Housing and the Business Cycle

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067196

Keywords: commodity prices, emission, monetary policy, mortgage, domestic demand

The Statistical Appendix presents historical data, as well as projections. It comprises five sections: Assumptions, What’s New, Data and Conventions, Classification of Countries, and Statistical Tables....

CHAPTER 1. GLOBAL PROSPECTS AND POLICIES

CHAPTER 1. GLOBAL PROSPECTS AND POLICIES »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2008 : Housing and the Business Cycle

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067196

Keywords: commodity prices, emission, monetary policy, mortgage, domestic demand

Overview of Recent Developments and Prospects: Divergence but Not Decoupling The course of the global economy over the past six months has been shaped by the interaction of two power...

Chapter 5. GLOBALIZATION, COMMODITY PRICES, AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES

Chapter 5. GLOBALIZATION, COMMODITY PRICES, AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2008 : Housing and the Business Cycle

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067196

Keywords: commodity prices, emission, monetary policy, mortgage, domestic demand

Over the past couple of decades, and in particular over the past few years, many developing and emerging economies have become steadily more integrated into the world economy. International trade, in both ma...

Chapter 4. CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE GLOBAL ECONOMY

Chapter 4. CLIMATE CHANGE AND THE GLOBAL ECONOMY »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2008 : Housing and the Business Cycle

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 April 2008

ISBN: 9781589067196

Keywords: commodity prices, emission, monetary policy, mortgage, domestic demand

Climate change is a potentially catastrophic global externality and one of the world’s greatest collective action problems. The distribution of causes and effects is highly uneven across countries and across...

6 Ensuring Environmental Sustainability at the National Level

6 Ensuring Environmental Sustainability at the National Level »

Source: Global Monitoring Report, 2008 : MDGs and the Environment: Agenda for Inclusive and Sustainable Development

Series: Other Official Rpts and Docs

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 April 2008

ISBN: 9780821373842

Keywords: environment, climate change, environmental sustainability, health care, malnutrition

Achieving environmental sustainability underpins progress on many of the Millenium Development Goals (MDGs). If forests are lost, soils degraded, fisheries depleted, waters polluted...