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France: Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex

France: Staff Report for the 2013 Article IV Consultation—Informational Annex »

Source: France : 2013 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2013/251

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 August 2013

ISBN: 9781475571868

Keywords: fiscal consolidation, structural fiscal, fiscal adjustment, tax incentives, tax wedge

This 2013 Article IV Consultation highlights that in a context of weakening economic conditions in Europe and sizeable fiscal consolidation and domestic policy uncertainty, the French economy flat lined in 2012. Ho...

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan »

Source: Turkmenistan : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1996/30

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 May 1996

ISBN: 9781451837216

Keywords: gas, minimum wage, interest rates, benefits, pollution

This paper reviews economic developments in Turkmenistan during 1992-96. There was a general strengthening of centralized controls during 1993-95 to protect international reserves. Monetary and exchange rate polici...

Ukraine

Ukraine »

Source: Ukraine : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1996/21

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 March 1996

ISBN: 9781451838916

Keywords: gas, wages, wage, benefits, payroll

This paper reviews economic developments in Ukraine during 1991-95. In October 1994, Ukraine finally embarked upon a comprehensive program of economic reform and stabilization. Although the efforts made in late 199...

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries’ Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries’ Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits »

Source: How Much Carbon Pricing is in Countries' Own Interests? The Critical Role of Co-Benefits

Volume/Issue: 2014/174

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , Chandara Veung , and Dirk Heine

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 September 2014

ISBN: 9781498358279

Keywords: carbon pricing, co-benefits, air pollution, fuel taxes, top twenty emitters, benefits, natural gas, fossil fuel, greenhouse gas, Government Policy

This paper calculates, for the top twenty emitting countries, how much pricing of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions is in their own national interests due to domestic co-benefits (leaving aside the global climate bene...

Chapter 1 Global Prospects and Policy Issues

Chapter 1 Global Prospects and Policy Issues »

Source: World Economic Outlook, September 2006 : Financial Systems and Economic Cycles

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589065987

Keywords: debt, financial systems, interest, productivity growth, payments

Global Economic Environment The global expansion was broad-based in the first half of 2006, with activity in most regions meeting or exceeding expectations, and recent indicators sug...

Chapter 2 Country and Regional Perspectives

Chapter 2 Country and Regional Perspectives »

Source: World Economic Outlook, September 2006 : Financial Systems and Economic Cycles

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589065987

Keywords: debt, financial systems, interest, productivity growth, payments

Against the backdrop of the global outlook discussed in Chapter 1, this chapter analyzes prospects and policy issues in the major industrial countries and in the main regional groupings of emerging market an...

CHAPTER III GROWTH AND INSTITUTIONS

CHAPTER III GROWTH AND INSTITUTIONS »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2003 : Growth and Institutions

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589062122

Keywords: unemployment, debt, interest, external financing, payments

The importance of institutions for economic development and growth has long been understood—emphasized, for example, in the writings of Adam Smith and, more recently, David Landes (1998), and recognized in t...

CHAPTER I ECONOMIC PROSPECTS AND POLICIES

CHAPTER I ECONOMIC PROSPECTS AND POLICIES »

Source: World Economic Outlook, April 2003 : Growth and Institutions

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589062122

Keywords: unemployment, debt, interest, external financing, payments

When the last World Economic Outlook was published in September 2002, the global recovery was expected to continue at a moderate pace, but the risks to the outlook were seen primarily on the downside. In the...

Statistical Appendix

Statistical Appendix »

Source: World Economic Outlook, September 2006 : Financial Systems and Economic Cycles

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589065987

Keywords: debt, financial systems, interest, productivity growth, payments

The statistical appendix presents historical data, as well as projections. It comprises five sections: Assumptions, What’s New, Data and Conventions, Classification of Countries, an...

7 Human Development in the Middle East and North Africa Region

7 Human Development in the Middle East and North Africa Region »

Source: Economic Development of the Arab Countries : Selected Issues

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1993

ISBN: 9781557753328

Keywords: fdi, balance of payments, foreign investors, natural resources

The Cold War has ended. The distortionary environment imposed by the Cold War within and between Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) countries has also ended, providing them with the opportu...