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12 Local Taxation in an International Perspective

12 Local Taxation in an International Perspective »

Source: Reforming China's Public Finances

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

Local taxes enhance the autonomy of local governments and their accountability. The joint effect is to enable citizens to influence the quantity and the mix of servi...

Increases in Quotas: Fourth Quinquennial Review

Increases in Quotas: Fourth Quinquennial Review »

Source: IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III: Documents

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451972511

Keywords: gold, member country, balance of payments, foreign exchange, international trade

The Fund is required at intervals of five years to review the quotas of members and to propose any adjustments that it believes to be desirable. No changes were proposed in the course of the fir...

CHAPTER 6 Determinants of China’s Private Consumption: An International Perspective

CHAPTER 6 Determinants of China’s Private Consumption: An International Perspective »

Source: Rebalancing Growth in Asia : Economic Dimensions for China

Series: Books

Author(s): Vivek Arora , and Roberto Cardarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2011

ISBN: 9781616350567

Keywords: employment, private consumption, corporate governance, share of employment, export growth

INTRODUCTION China’s private consumption as a share of GDP has declined from around 55 percent in the early 1980s to around 37 percent in 2008. The decline in a country’s share of pr...

6 A Comparative Perspective on Expenditure Assignments

6 A Comparative Perspective on Expenditure Assignments »

Source: Reforming China's Public Finances

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

Principles Expenditure assignments influence the effective provision of certain services, as well as macroeconomic policy, but have important distributional implicati...

Adequacy of Monetary Reserves

Adequacy of Monetary Reserves »

Source: IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III: Documents

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451972511

Keywords: gold, member country, balance of payments, foreign exchange, international trade

On July 10, 1952, ECOSOC passed a resolution following an examination of a report entitled Measures for International Economic Stability. This resolution, inter alia, asked the Fund to keep unde...

11. Prudential Supervision and Monetary Policy

11. Prudential Supervision and Monetary Policy »

Source: International Financial Policy : Essays in honor of Jacques J. Polak

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1991

ISBN: 9781557751966

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary fund, current account, exchange rates, inflation

Central banking and the supervision and regulation of financial institutions and markets are key governmental functions in any modern economy. In general, the government reserves for itself the right to issu...

10 Understanding the Growth Momentum in India’s Services

10 Understanding the Growth Momentum in India’s Services »

Source: India Goes Global : Its Expanding Role in the Global Economy

Series: Books

Author(s): Catriona Purfield , and Jerald Schiff

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 August 2006

ISBN: 9781589065680

Keywords: fdi, exchange rate, banking, direct investment, taxation

Astriking feature of India’s growth performance over the past 15 years has been the strength of the services sector. 1 The sector has benefited tre...

CHAPTER 5 Employment Effects of Growth Rebalancing in China

CHAPTER 5 Employment Effects of Growth Rebalancing in China »

Source: Rebalancing Growth in Asia : Economic Dimensions for China

Series: Books

Author(s): Vivek Arora , and Roberto Cardarelli

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 February 2011

ISBN: 9781616350567

Keywords: employment, private consumption, corporate governance, share of employment, export growth

INTRODUCTION There is a growing sense, as noted in Chapter 4, that China’s export-oriented growth will be difficult to sustain over the medium to longer term and that shifting toward...

6 Role of Fiscal Policy in Stabilization and Poverty Alleviation

6 Role of Fiscal Policy in Stabilization and Poverty Alleviation »

Source: Post-Apartheid South Africa : The First Ten Years

Series: Books

Author(s): M. Nowak , and Luca Ricci

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 January 2006

ISBN: 9781589064706

Keywords: inflation, hiv/aids, monetary policy, unemployment, exchange rate

During the post-apartheid period, the South African government has undertaken a significant and sustained fiscal adjustment that has been a major force in helping stabilize the economy and make it more compe...

9 Making Tax Policy Pro-Growth

9 Making Tax Policy Pro-Growth »

Source: India Goes Global : Its Expanding Role in the Global Economy

Series: Books

Author(s): Catriona Purfield , and Jerald Schiff

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 August 2006

ISBN: 9781589065680

Keywords: fdi, exchange rate, banking, direct investment, taxation

Despite recent reforms to the personal and corporate income taxes and the introduction of a state value-added-tax (VAT) on goods in April 2005, India’s competitivene...