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13 Current Trade Policies and Proposals for Reform

13 Current Trade Policies and Proposals for Reform »

Source: Ukraine : Accelerating the Transition to Market

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 1997

ISBN: 9781557756190

Keywords: wage, benefits, pension, wages, inflation

Ukraine has made considerable progress in introducing key elements of a liberal trade regime since gaining independence in 1991. Many of the quantitative restriction...

CHAPTER IV DOES INFLATION TARGETING WORK IN EMERGING MARKETS?

CHAPTER IV DOES INFLATION TARGETING WORK IN EMERGING MARKETS? »

Source: World Economic Outlook, September 2005 : Building Institutions

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2005

ISBN: 9781589064546

Keywords: inflation, current account, inflation targeting, oil prices, institutional quality

Inflation targeting has become an increasingly popular monetary policy strategy, with some 21 countries (8 industrial and 13 emerging market) now inflation targeters. Other countrie...

CHAPTER I ECONOMIC PROSPECTS AND POLICY ISSUES

CHAPTER I ECONOMIC PROSPECTS AND POLICY ISSUES »

Source: World Economic Outlook, September 2005 : Building Institutions

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2005

ISBN: 9781589064546

Keywords: inflation, current account, inflation targeting, oil prices, institutional quality

The expansion remains broadly on track, with global growth forecasts for 2005 and 2006 largely unchanged from the last World Economic Outlook (Table 1.1 and Figure 1.1), although risks are still slanted to t...

Chapter II GLOBAL IMBALANCES: A SAVING AND INVESTMENT PERSPECTIVE

Chapter II GLOBAL IMBALANCES: A SAVING AND INVESTMENT PERSPECTIVE »

Source: World Economic Outlook, September 2005 : Building Institutions

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2005

ISBN: 9781589064546

Keywords: inflation, current account, inflation targeting, oil prices, institutional quality

Global saving and investment rates have fallen and current account imbalances have widened to unprecedented levels, yet real long-term interest rates remain low in most countries. H...

Statistical Appendix

Statistical Appendix »

Source: World Economic Outlook, September 2005 : Building Institutions

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2005

ISBN: 9781589064546

Keywords: inflation, current account, inflation targeting, oil prices, institutional quality

The statistical appendix presents historical data, as well as projections. It comprises five sections: Assumptions, What’s New, Data and Conventions, Classification of Countries, an...

XIII. Military Expenditure

XIII. Military Expenditure »

Source: Public Expenditure Handbook : A Guide to Public Policy Issues in Developing Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1991

ISBN: 9781557752222

Keywords: expenditure, public expenditure, military, health care, fiscal policy

What information is available about military expenditure? Can an appropriate level of military e...

2 Assigning Expenditure Responsibilities

2 Assigning Expenditure Responsibilities »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Economic theory offers limited guidance for assigning expenditure responsibilities among different levels of government. At the micro level, the benefit principle suggests that a given service should be prov...

3 Tax Assignment

3 Tax Assignment »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

A key issue in the literature on fiscal federalism is the question of how subnational authorities might best be financed. This complex issue has no easy solutions, given the wide variety of systems actually...

3 Bureaucratic Corruption and the Rate of Temptation: Do Wages in the Civil Service Affect Corruption, and by How Much?

3 Bureaucratic Corruption and the Rate of Temptation: Do Wages in the Civil Service Affect Corruption, and by How Much? »

Source: Governance, Corruption, and Economic Performance

Series: Books

Author(s): Sanjeev Gupta , and George Abed

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589061163

Keywords: decentralization, military spending, military, tax revenue, government expenditure

1. Introduction The importance of adequate remuneration in ensuring an honest civil service is widely recognized in the policy debate. 1 The issue o...

5 Tax Administration

5 Tax Administration »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

In many developing countries efficient or equitable tax policies may fail because the tax administration is not able to implement these policies (Casanegra de Jantscher, 1986). Consideration of the tax admin...