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I Overview

I Overview »

Source: 1992 World Economic and Financial Surveys : Issues & Development in intl. Trade

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

ISBN: 9781451939545

This paper reviews recent developments and issues in trade and trade-related policies of the industrial. Eastern European, and developing countries, focusing primarily on the period since the most recent occ...

III: Recent Developments in Private Market Financing

III: Recent Developments in Private Market Financing »

Source: 1992 World Economic and Financial Surveys : Private Market Financing for Developing Countries 1992

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

ISBN: 9781451940053

During 1991 and the first half of 1992, access of developing countries to international bond and equity markets increased considerably. Conversely, syndicated bank lending to developing countries continued t...

III Industrial Countries’ Trade and Trade-Related Policies

III Industrial Countries’ Trade and Trade-Related Policies »

Source: 1992 World Economic and Financial Surveys : Issues & Development in intl. Trade

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

ISBN: 9781451939545

Since the mid-1980s, there has been little, if any, decline in the overall level of trade protection in industrial countries despite the expansion of output and trade, the reduction in current account imbala...

Statistical Appendix

Statistical Appendix »

Source: 1992 World Economic and Financial Surveys : Private Market Financing for Developing Countries 1992

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

ISBN: 9781451940053

Table A1. Amounts of Medium- and Long-Term Bank Debt Restructured, 1985–September 1992 1 (In millions of U....

CHAPTER V FINANCIAL SECTOR CONSOLIDATION IN EMERGING MARKETS

CHAPTER V FINANCIAL SECTOR CONSOLIDATION IN EMERGING MARKETS »

Source: International Capital Markets, August 2001

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Donald Mathieson , and Garry Schinasi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 August 2001

ISBN: 9781589060562

The financial services industry has been subject to dramatic changes over the past decades, as a result of advances in information technology, deregulation, and globalization. These changes have reduced marg...

II New Official Financing Flows to Developing Countries

II New Official Financing Flows to Developing Countries »

Source: Official Financing for Developing Countries 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 1998

ISBN: 9781557757029

Keywords: debt, creditors, interest, external debt, debt service

Official bilateral financing remains an important source of finance for developing countries, particularly countries with limited access to international capital markets. Analysis of the flows must take into...

III Multilateral Unit-Labor-Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries

III Multilateral Unit-Labor-Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries »

Source: Staff Studies for the World Economic Outlook, 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 1998

ISBN: 9781557757012

Keywords: labor standards, inflation, employment, wages, monetary policy

The IMF’s multilateral real exchange rate indices based on relative unit labor costs in manufacturing, which are currently calculated for 21 industrial countries, have for some time...

IV Developments in Exchange Rate Arrangements and Markets

IV Developments in Exchange Rate Arrangements and Markets »

Source: Exchange Rate Arrangements and Currency Convertibility : Developments and Issues

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): R. Johnston , and Mark Swinburne

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557757951

Keywords: foreign exchange, exchange rate, foreign exchange market, interbank market

According to the IMF’s official classification of exchange arrangements, there has been a gradual move away from pegged regimes into more flexible arrangements. This classification scheme has, however, a num...

III Recent Developments in Private Market Financing

III Recent Developments in Private Market Financing »

Source: Private Market Financing for Developing Countries

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755261

Keywords: debt, interest, bonds, bond, payments

Developing countries experienced a dramatic increase in capital inflows during the 1990s, following a slowdown in economic activity in the industrial countries and a decline in interest rates, particularly i...

I Introduction and Overview

I Introduction and Overview »

Source: International Capital Markets : Developments, Prospects, and Key Policy Issues (September 1999)

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 24 September 1999

ISBN: 9781557758521

Keywords: debt, bonds, loans, interest, restructuring

The period since last year’s International Capital Markets report has witnessed some of the most severe financial market turbulence in the postwar period. The effects of the Asian financial crisis were initi...