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Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East

Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East »

Source: Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East

Volume/Issue: 2007/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ludvig Söderling , Hanan Morsy , Martin Petri , Martin Hommes , Manal Fouad , and Wojciech Maliszewski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865769

Keywords: oil producers, oil producing countries, oil producing, oil prices

Public debt in the Middle East increased during the mid-1990s mainly because of fiscal expansions. It decreased in recent years, thanks to high oil revenue, economic growth, some primary non-oil fiscal adjustment,...

Revenue Administration Reform in Middle Eastern Countries, 1994-2004

Revenue Administration Reform in Middle Eastern Countries, 1994-2004 »

Source: Revenue Administration Reform in Middle Eastern Countries, 1994-2004

Volume/Issue: 2005/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jean-Paul Bodin , and William Joseph Crandall

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2005

ISBN: 9781451862225

Keywords: Revenue, tax, customs, tax administration, tax administration reform, revenue collection,

The paper provides an overview of revenue administration reforms implemented in Middle Eastern and North African countries over the past decade with IMF assistance. Although reforming tax and customs administration...

The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment1

The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment1 »

Source: The Impact of Economic Securityon Bank Deposits and Investment

Volume/Issue: 1998/98

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Fabricius

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 1998

ISBN: 9781451852110

Keywords: Economic Security, Institutions, Bank Deposits, institutional variables, correlation, explanatory power, institutional quality, standard deviation

This paper highlights the importance of institutions in explaining the variation of investment rates and of two measures of bank deposits across countries. A general index of economic security is created for 130 co...

Bolivia

Bolivia »

Source: Bolivia : The Hydrocarbons Boom and the Risk of Dutch Disease

Volume/Issue: 2008/154

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eugenio Cerutti , and Mario Mansilla

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2008

ISBN: 9781451870121

Keywords: Equilibrium Real Exchange, gas, exchange rate, real exchange rate, equilibrium exchange rate,

The hydrocarbons sector has become one of the most dynamic economic activities in the Bolivian economy and the main driver of improved export performance and international reserve accumulation. The central role of...

Fiscal Adjustment in Sudan Size, Speed, and Composition

Fiscal Adjustment in Sudan Size, Speed, and Composition »

Source: Fiscal Adjustment in Sudan Size, Speed, and Composition

Volume/Issue: 2010/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): S. M. Ali Abbas , Kenji Moriyama , and Abdul Naseer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982220

Keywords: intertemporal budget constraint, oil revenue, tax rates, fiscal adjustment, oil producing,

The paper aims to identify the optimal size, speed and composition of the medium-term fiscal adjustment in the context of Sudan's limited oil reserves. The permanently sustainable non-oil primary balance approach s...

Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region

Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region »

Source: Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region

Volume/Issue: 2004/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

ISBN: 9781451856071

Keywords: Multinational firms, MENA countries, fdi, investment risk, direct investment

This paper demonstrates that instability associated with investment risk is critical in explaining the level of foreign direct investment for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries, which generally have...

Did Botswana Escape from the Resource Curse?

Did Botswana Escape from the Resource Curse? »

Source: Did Botswana Escape from the Resource Curse?

Volume/Issue: 2006/138

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atsushi Iimi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9781451863987

Keywords: natural resource, natural resource abundance, natural resource management, middle-income countries, Estimation, Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development,

Botswana is typical of the countries that are endowed with abundant natural resources. Although it is commonly accepted that resource-rich economies tend to fail in accelerating growth, Botswana has experienced the...

The United States and the New Regionalism/ Bilateralism

The United States and the New Regionalism/ Bilateralism »

Source: The United States and the New Regionalism/ Bilateralism

Volume/Issue: 2003/206

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang , and Alvin Hilaire

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

ISBN: 9781451874624

Keywords: integration, regionalism, global trade analysis, trade diversion, global trade, trade agreement, trade arrangements,

Current U.S. trade policy stresses establishing free trade areas (FTAs) with partners spanning the globe. Motivations include enhancing goods and services trade; stimulating investment flows; extending standards on...

Islamic Banking

Islamic Banking »

Source: Islamic Banking : Issues in Prudential Regulations and Supervision

Volume/Issue: 1998/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luca Errico , and Mitra Farahbaksh

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1998

ISBN: 9781451980417

Keywords: Islamic Banking, Prudential Regulations, Banking Supervision, banking, islamic banks, mudaraba

This paper analyzes the implications of Islamic precepts on banks’ structure and activities, focusing on banking supervision issues. It points out and discusses these issues in the context of a paradigm vers...

Managing Systemic Liquidity Risk in Financially Dollarized Economies

Managing Systemic Liquidity Risk in Financially Dollarized Economies »

Source: Managing Systemic Liquidity Risk in Financially Dollarized Economies

Volume/Issue: 2005/188

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Eduardo Levy Yeyati , Alain Ize , and Miguel Kiguel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2005

ISBN: 9781451862072

Keywords: Systemic Liquidity, central bank, banking, banking system, liquid reserves, bank runs,

This paper evaluates ways to protect highly dollarized banking systems from systemic liquidity runs (such as the ones that took place recently in Argentina, Uruguay, and Paraguay). In view of the limitations of ava...