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22 Korea

22 Korea »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Korea broke away from a long tradition of a highly centralized system of government and embarked on a new system of political devolution following the nationwide subnational government elections in 1994. Unt...

Spillovers Across NAFTA

Spillovers Across NAFTA »

Source: Spillovers Across NAFTA

Volume/Issue: 2008/3

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tamim Bayoumi , and Andrew Swiston

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

ISBN: 9781451868654

Keywords: NAFTA, correlation, covariance, correlations,

This paper examines linkages across North America by estimating the size of spillovers from the major regions of the world-the United States, euro area, Japan, and the rest of the world-to Canada and Mexico, and de...

Why Inflation Targeting?

Why Inflation Targeting? »

Source: Why Inflation Targeting?

Volume/Issue: 2009/86

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Charles Freedman , and Douglas Laxton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872330

Keywords: rate of inflation, central bank

This is the second chapter of a forthcoming monograph entitled "On Implementing Full-Fledged Inflation-Targeting Regimes: Saying What You Do and Doing What You Say." We begin by discussing the costs of inflation, i...

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

This paper identifies policy tools that could be used for fiscal consolidation in advanced and emerging economies in the years ahead. The consolidation strategy, particularly in advanced countries, should aim to st...

Canada's Carbon Price Floor

Canada's Carbon Price Floor »

Source: Canada's Carbon Price Floor

Volume/Issue: 2018/42

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ian Parry , and Victor Mylonas

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 March 2018

ISBN: 9781484345191

Keywords: Western Hemisphere, Canada, carbon price, price floor, welfare impacts, incidence, effective carbon price, competitiveness impacts, Environmental Economics: Government Policy

The pan-Canadian approach to carbon pricing, announced in October 2016, ensures that carbon pricing applies throughout Canada in 2018, with increasing stringency over time to reduce emissions. Canadian provinces an...

CHAPTER 2 Expenditure Reform

CHAPTER 2 Expenditure Reform »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

Expenditure Reform: Key Principles Expenditure reforms should be guided by two objectives: Improving the efficien...

IV Why Are Some Developing Countries Failing to Catch Up?

IV Why Are Some Developing Countries Failing to Catch Up? »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1994

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557753816

Keywords: interest, debt, unemployment, payments, inflation

There have been large differences in growth among developing countries over the past decade. Many countries that pursued macroeconomic stability, liberalized trade, and implemented market-based reforms in th...

I. The Near- and Medium-Term Fiscal Outlook.

I. The Near- and Medium-Term Fiscal Outlook. »

Source: Navigating the Fiscal Challenges Ahead

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 2010

ISBN: 9781455280490

Keywords: net debt, public debt, fiscal adjustment, government debt, debt ratios

A. Outlook for 2010. 1. While global activity is rebounding faster than projected earlier, the fiscal outlook is not improving commensurately. The overall fiscal deficit for the worl...

III. The Fiscal Policy Outlook: Adjustment Needs and Plans

III. The Fiscal Policy Outlook: Adjustment Needs and Plans »

Source: Navigating the Fiscal Challenges Ahead

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 2010

ISBN: 9781455280490

Keywords: net debt, public debt, fiscal adjustment, government debt, debt ratios

21. Major fiscal consolidation will be needed over the years ahead. The increase in budget deficits played a key role in staving off an economic catastrophe. As economic conditions improve, the attention of...

CHAPTER 3 Tax Reform: Principles, Context, and Administration

CHAPTER 3 Tax Reform: Principles, Context, and Administration »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

Increasing the Tax 27 Ratio: Principles and Experience For countries looking to substantially increase tax revenue, standard principles (equity, eff...