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Exchange Rate Assessment for Oil Exporters

Exchange Rate Assessment for Oil Exporters »

Source: Exchange Rate Assessment for Oil Exporters

Volume/Issue: 2009/81

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Klaus-Stefan Enders

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872286

Keywords: Exchange rate, current account, real exchange, government spending, real exchange rate,

While the underlying methodologies continue to be widely debated and refined, there is little consensus on how to assess the equilibrium exchange rate of economies dominated by production of finite natural resource...

Energy Subsidies and Energy Consumption

Energy Subsidies and Energy Consumption »

Source: Energy Subsidies and Energy Consumption : A Cross-Country Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2013/112

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Joshua Charap , Arthur Ribeiro da Silva , and Pedro Rodriguez

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 May 2013

ISBN: 9781484367247

Keywords: subsidy, income elasticity, gasoline prices, environmental regulations, energy consumption, gasoline consumption, Models with Panel Data, Personal Income and Other Nonbusiness Taxes and Subsidies, General,

The economic and environmental implications of energy subsidies have received renewed attention from policymakers and economists in recent years. Nevertheless there remains significant uncertainty regarding the mag...

Optimal Fiscal Strategy for Oil Exporting Countries

Optimal Fiscal Strategy for Oil Exporting Countries »

Source: Optimal Fiscal Strategy for Oil Exporting Countries

Volume/Issue: 2000/118

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rodrigo Valdes , and Eduardo Engel

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2000

ISBN: 9781451854077

Keywords: oil exporting countries, stabilization funds, random walk, oil prices, oil production, samples, stationary process

This paper develops simple guidelines for fiscal policy in oil producing countries, focusing on three issues: intergenerational oil distribution, precautionary saving, and adjustment costs. The paper presents a fra...

Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region

Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region »

Source: Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region

Volume/Issue: 2004/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

ISBN: 9781451856071

Keywords: Multinational firms, MENA countries, fdi, investment risk, direct investment

This paper demonstrates that instability associated with investment risk is critical in explaining the level of foreign direct investment for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries, which generally have...

Information Externalities Affecting the Dynamic Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment

Information Externalities Affecting the Dynamic Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment »

Source: Information Externalities Affecting the Dynamic Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment : The Case of China

Volume/Issue: 1994/44

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sayuri Shirai , and Dongpei Huang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1994

ISBN: 9781451974645

Keywords: fdi, direct investment, foreign direct investment, investment environment, foreign investors

The dynamic pattern of foreign direct investment (FDI) in developing countries shows a three-phase pattern. Despite government policies that promote it, initially the inflow of FDI is sluggish, followed by a period...

Did Botswana Escape from the Resource Curse?

Did Botswana Escape from the Resource Curse? »

Source: Did Botswana Escape from the Resource Curse?

Volume/Issue: 2006/138

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atsushi Iimi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9781451863987

Keywords: natural resource, natural resource abundance, natural resource management, middle-income countries, Estimation, Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development,

Botswana is typical of the countries that are endowed with abundant natural resources. Although it is commonly accepted that resource-rich economies tend to fail in accelerating growth, Botswana has experienced the...

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment »

Source: Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment : A Review and Synthesis

Volume/Issue: 1993/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenneth M. Miranda , Ian Parry , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451844443

Keywords: subsidy, environmental degradation, environmental policy

Commonly cited environmental instruments in the legal, regulatory, and fiscal domains are intended primarily to address market failures to ensure that environmental degradation and resource use is contained to appr...

Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East

Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East »

Source: Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East

Volume/Issue: 2007/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ludvig Söderling , Hanan Morsy , Martin Petri , Martin Hommes , Manal Fouad , and Wojciech Maliszewski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865769

Keywords: oil producers, oil producing countries, oil producing, oil prices

Public debt in the Middle East increased during the mid-1990s mainly because of fiscal expansions. It decreased in recent years, thanks to high oil revenue, economic growth, some primary non-oil fiscal adjustment,...

How to Deal with Azerbaijan's Oil Boom? Policy Strategies in a Resource-Rich Transition Economy

How to Deal with Azerbaijan's Oil Boom? Policy Strategies in a Resource-Rich Transition Economy »

Source: How to Deal with Azerbaijan's Oil Boom? Policy Strategies in a Resource-Rich Transition Economy

Volume/Issue: 1998/6

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christoph Rosenberg , and Tapio Saavalainen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1998

ISBN: 9781451929164

Keywords: Dutch disease, transition, oil, oil revenues, transition countries, oil sector, transition economies, transition economy

The petroleum-rich former Soviet republics around the Caspian Sea face the dual challenge of managing the transition to a market economy and a booming resource sector. This paper examines this challenge with partic...

Foreign Direct Investment in Southeastern Europe

Foreign Direct Investment in Southeastern Europe »

Source: Foreign Direct Investment in Southeastern Europe : How (and How Much) Can Policies Help?

Volume/Issue: 2005/110

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Elina Ribakova , Balázs Horváth , Dimitri Demekas , and Yi Wu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2005

ISBN: 9781451861297

Keywords: Southeastern Europe, fdi, direct investment, host country, foreign investment, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Models with Panel Data, Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies: Performance and Prospects,

Gravity factors explain a large part of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) inflows in Southeastern Europe-a region not comprehensively covered before in econometric studies-but hostcountry policies also matter. Key ar...