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The Baltic Countries
			: Medium-Term Fiscal Issues Related to EU and NATO Accession

The Baltic Countries : Medium-Term Fiscal Issues Related to EU and NATO Accession »

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2002

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781589061040.084

ISBN: 9781589061040

Keywords: fiscal policy, public debt, current account, expenditure, taxation

Ten years after regaining independence, the Baltic Countries--Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania--are expected to be invited to join the European Union (EU) and NATO in 2004. This paper provides a macroeconomic perspec...

Republic of Armenia

Republic of Armenia »

Source: Republic of Armenia : Recent Economic Developments and Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2001/78

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451801446

Keywords: electricity, capital expenditures, debt service, tax revenues, state budget

This report provides an overview of the recent economic developments in Armenia by analyzing its output growth, prices, wages, employment, public finances and social safety net, monetary and exchange rate developme...

Tax and Welfare Reforms in the Czech Republic-Structural Implications and Challenges

Tax and Welfare Reforms in the Czech Republic-Structural Implications and Challenges »

Source: Tax and Welfare Reforms in the Czech Republic-Structural Implications and Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2008/52

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas Dalsgaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451869149

Keywords: Structural reform, marginal effective tax rates, flat tax, tax rates, taxation, effective tax rates, tax credits, personal income tax,

The paper provides an analysis and discussion of key structural implications of the 2007 and 2008 welfare and tax reforms in the Czech Republic. Based on a detailed micro-study of marginal and average effective tax...

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

This paper identifies policy tools that could be used for fiscal consolidation in advanced and emerging economies in the years ahead. The consolidation strategy, particularly in advanced countries, should aim to st...

Tax Policy

Tax Policy »

Source: Tax Policy : Recent Trends and Coming Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2007/274

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tehmina S. Khan , and John Norregaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451868371

Keywords: Tax reform, personal income tax, corporate income tax, value-added tax, tax wedge, green taxes, taxation, tax revenues, tax rates, tax systems,

This paper provides an overview of the key economic factors that shape tax policy reform in many high-income countries, developing countries, and/or transition economies. The paper describes and evaluates global an...

Evaluation of Taxes and Revenues From the Energy Sector in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Former Soviet Union Countries

Evaluation of Taxes and Revenues From the Energy Sector in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Former Soviet Union Countries »

Source: Evaluation of Taxes and Revenues From the Energy Sector in the Baltics, Russia, and Other Former Soviet Union Countries

Volume/Issue: 1998/34

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Dale Gray

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1998

ISBN: 9781451845235

Keywords: petroleum, natural resources, regulation, energy, natural monopoly, taxation, oil and gas, tax burden, gas sector, oil sector

This paper examines the level and structure of fiscal revenues from the Baltics, Russia, and other former Soviet Union countries’ (BRO) energy sector and suggests reforms in energy tax policy. Revenues from...

A Status Update on Fiscal Exit Strategies

A Status Update on Fiscal Exit Strategies »

Source: A Status Update on Fiscal Exit Strategies

Volume/Issue: 2010/272

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2010

ISBN: 9781455210794

Keywords: pension, retirement, health care, retirement age, Structure and Scope of Government: Other, Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue: General, National Government Expenditures and Related Policies: General, National Deficit Surplus

With a modest recovery in the global economy underway, and amid rising concerns about the sharp increase in government debt in several countries, debate has increasingly focused on the need to identify and implemen...

II The Current Fiscal Position

II The Current Fiscal Position »

Source: The Baltic Countries : Medium-Term Fiscal Issues Related to EU and NATO Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589061040

Keywords: fiscal policy, public debt, current account, expenditure, taxation

Fiscal policy represents the main macroeconomic policy instrument at the disposal of the authorities in the Baltics. This is due to their decision to anchor their macroeconomic stabilization efforts with the...

I Overview

I Overview »

Source: The Baltic Countries : Medium-Term Fiscal Issues Related to EU and NATO Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589061040

Keywords: fiscal policy, public debt, current account, expenditure, taxation

Ten years after regaining independence, the three Baltic countries—Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania—are on the verge of acceding to the European Union (EU) and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). Ov...

III Medium-Term Fiscal Policy: Theory and Evidence

III Medium-Term Fiscal Policy: Theory and Evidence »

Source: The Baltic Countries : Medium-Term Fiscal Issues Related to EU and NATO Accession

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 April 2002

ISBN: 9781589061040

Keywords: fiscal policy, public debt, current account, expenditure, taxation

This section is intended to derive some guiding principles on the appropriate medium-term fiscal stance for the Baltics on the basis of theoretical and empirical evidence. It will look at: (1) the relationsh...