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Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East

Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East »

Source: Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East

Volume/Issue: 2007/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ludvig Söderling , Hanan Morsy , Martin Petri , Martin Hommes , Manal Fouad , and Wojciech Maliszewski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865769

Keywords: oil producers, oil producing countries, oil producing, oil prices

Public debt in the Middle East increased during the mid-1990s mainly because of fiscal expansions. It decreased in recent years, thanks to high oil revenue, economic growth, some primary non-oil fiscal adjustment,...

Revenue Administration Reform in Middle Eastern Countries, 1994-2004

Revenue Administration Reform in Middle Eastern Countries, 1994-2004 »

Source: Revenue Administration Reform in Middle Eastern Countries, 1994-2004

Volume/Issue: 2005/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jean-Paul Bodin , and William Joseph Crandall

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2005

ISBN: 9781451862225

Keywords: Revenue, tax, customs, tax administration, tax administration reform, revenue collection,

The paper provides an overview of revenue administration reforms implemented in Middle Eastern and North African countries over the past decade with IMF assistance. Although reforming tax and customs administration...

2 The Impact of Macroeconomic Policies on Investment

2 The Impact of Macroeconomic Policies on Investment »

Source: Investment Policies in the Arab Countries : Papers Presented at a Seminar held in Kuwait, December 11-13, 1989

Series: Books

Author(s): Saíd El-Naggar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

ISBN: 9781557751409

Keywords: direct investment, law, investors, investment policies

This paper looks at investment in developing countries, its relationship to growth and development, and the macroeconomic conditions and policies through which investment and growth...

4 Foreign Direct Investment: The Role of Joint Ventures and Investment Authorities

4 Foreign Direct Investment: The Role of Joint Ventures and Investment Authorities »

Source: Investment Policies in the Arab Countries : Papers Presented at a Seminar held in Kuwait, December 11-13, 1989

Series: Books

Author(s): Saíd El-Naggar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

ISBN: 9781557751409

Keywords: direct investment, law, investors, investment policies

This paper will discuss the policies that require foreign investors to enter into joint ventures with local firms, and the institutions used by host countries to promote, screen, an...

6 Trade Policies and Economic Integration Among the Arab Maghreb Union Countries

6 Trade Policies and Economic Integration Among the Arab Maghreb Union Countries »

Source: Foreign and Intratrade Policies of Arab Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1992

ISBN: 9781557753052

Keywords: trade liberalization, exporters, tariff structure, nontariff barriers, foreign trade

Hassan Abouyoub The Arab world is facing challenges, which have now become worldwide, in seeking to achieve social and economic growth through a process of regional c...

4 Trade Policies in Industrial Countries and Their Impact on Arab Countries

4 Trade Policies in Industrial Countries and Their Impact on Arab Countries »

Source: Foreign and Intratrade Policies of Arab Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1992

ISBN: 9781557753052

Keywords: trade liberalization, exporters, tariff structure, nontariff barriers, foreign trade

Margaret R. Kelly and Bernhard Fritz-Krockow I. Introduction The trade and trade-related policies of industrial countries mainly aff...

4 Arab Capital Flows: Recent Trends and Policy Implications

4 Arab Capital Flows: Recent Trends and Policy Implications »

Source: Economic Development of the Arab Countries : Selected Issues

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1993

ISBN: 9781557753328

Keywords: fdi, balance of payments, foreign investors, natural resources

International financial intermediation since the mid-eighties has made an enormous leap in apparent efficiency going hand in hand with the unprecedented explosion of cross-border capital flows,...

1 Reform and Growth

1 Reform and Growth »

Source: Building on Progress : Reform and Growth in the Middle East and North Africa

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 1996

ISBN: 9781557756251

Keywords: trade liberalization, financial sector, uruguay round, banking, oil countries

Unprecedented opportunities have opened up for the countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region to transform their economies through accelerated economic growth. The opportunities are many and...

5 Inter-Arab Labor Movements: Problems and Prospects

5 Inter-Arab Labor Movements: Problems and Prospects »

Source: Economic Development of the Arab Countries : Selected Issues

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1993

ISBN: 9781557753328

Keywords: fdi, balance of payments, foreign investors, natural resources

Introduction This paper deals with inter-Arab labor movements in the light of major developments in the Arab countries in the last two decades. With the quadrupling o...

2. Economic Reform in the Arab Countries: A Review of Structural Issues

2. Economic Reform in the Arab Countries: A Review of Structural Issues »

Source: Economic Development of the Arab Countries : Selected Issues

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1993

ISBN: 9781557753328

Keywords: fdi, balance of payments, foreign investors, natural resources

Despite adverse exogenous factors, Arab countries have achieved important economic gains in recent years. Nevertheless, many of them remain subject to internal and external constraints that prev...