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Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region

Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region »

Source: Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region

Volume/Issue: 2004/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

ISBN: 9781451856071

Keywords: Multinational firms, MENA countries, fdi, investment risk, direct investment

This paper demonstrates that instability associated with investment risk is critical in explaining the level of foreign direct investment for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries, which generally have...

United States

United States »

Source: United States : 2002 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Staff Supplement; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

Volume/Issue: 2002/166

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 August 2002

ISBN: 9781451839593

Keywords: budget, debt, deficit, interest, interest rates

This 2002 Article IV Consultation highlights that the United States economy slipped into recession in early 2001, as industrial production dropped sharply, investment and exports declined, and employment and weekly...

Mideast-Central Asia: Strong Growth Outlook Tempered by Rising Inflation

Mideast-Central Asia: Strong Growth Outlook Tempered by Rising Inflation »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 36 Issue 14

Volume/Issue: 36/14

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451938630

Keywords: oil prices, oil demand, spot price, organization of petroleum exporting countries, crude prices

Rising Energy Costs, Liberia to get debt relief, Climate Change, World Economic Outlook, European Economic Outlook, Latin American Economic Outlook, Mideast-Central Asia Economic Outlook, Technical Assistance, Rese...

Stabilization Problems and Policies in Tunisia

Stabilization Problems and Policies in Tunisia »

Source: Finance & Development, September 1970

Volume/Issue: 7/3

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1970

ISBN: 9781616353001

Keywords: human environment, environment, environmental problem, environmental impact

This paper analyzes the impact of economic development on the environment. The paper highlights that the environmental impact of the industrial process includes everything from the effects of withdrawing the inputs...

The U.S. Oil Supply Revolution and the Global Economy1

The U.S. Oil Supply Revolution and the Global Economy1 »

Source: The U.S. Oil Supply Revolution and the Global Economy

Volume/Issue: 2015/259

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kamiar Mohaddes , and Mehdi Raissi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 December 2015

ISBN: 9781513509846

Keywords: Tight oil, shale oil, fracking revolution, oil price decline, oil supply, global macroeconometric modeling, international business cycle, oil, prices, oil prices

This paper investigates the global macroeconomic consequences of falling oil prices due to the oil revolution in the United States, using a Global VAR model estimated for 38 countries/regions over the period 1979Q2...

Technical Cooperation within the Third World

Technical Cooperation within the Third World »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1972

Volume/Issue: 9/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1972

ISBN: 9781616353100

Keywords: pollution, population growth, population problem, demographers, world population

This paper describes what the limits to growth are. The paper highlights that many critical variables in global society-particularly population and industrial production-have been growing at a constant percentage r...

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies? »

Source: How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

Volume/Issue: 2015/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Louis Sears , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 May 2015

ISBN: 9781513532196

Keywords: energy subsidies, efficient taxation, deadweight loss, revenue, subsidies, tax, vehicle, traffic, subsidy, Demand and Supply

This paper provides a comprehensive, updated picture of energy subsidies at the global and regional levels. It focuses on the broad notion of post-tax energy subsidies, which arise when consumer prices are below su...

Issues in Global Natural Gas

Issues in Global Natural Gas »

Source: Issues in Global Natural Gas : A Primer and Analysis

Volume/Issue: 2002/40

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Bright Okogu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2002

ISBN: 9781451845983

Keywords: LNG, pipeline, gas pricing, economic rent, user cost, transportation constraint, sales and purchase agreement, gas, gas market, gas trade

This paper discusses the rising profile of natural gas in global energy, factors constraining its further development, the gas contracting process, and the absence of a global market, which is analyzed in the conte...

Enlargement of Fund Resources Through Increases in Quotas

Enlargement of Fund Resources Through Increases in Quotas »

Source: IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III: Documents

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451972511

Keywords: gold, member country, balance of payments, foreign exchange, international trade

At the Annual Meetings in 1958 the subject discussed in the preceding document was extensively canvassed by Governors. On the motion of the Governor for the United States, a resolution was passe...

Compensatory Financing: First Report

Compensatory Financing: First Report »

Source: IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III: Documents

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451972511

Keywords: gold, member country, balance of payments, foreign exchange, international trade

In March 1959 the UN Commission on International Commodity Trade agreed to consider at its next session, in May 1960, international measures designed to compensate for fluctuations in export rec...