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Panama

Panama »

Source: Panama : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1999/7

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1999

ISBN: 9781451830804

Keywords: interest, debt, loans, external debt, liabilities

This paper provides background information to the IMF staff report for the 1998 Article IV Consultation discussions with Panama. It focuses on areas of interest in Panama's medium-term economic strategy, and gives...

United States

United States »

Source: United States : 2002 Article IV Consultation-Staff Report; Staff Supplement; and Public Information Notice on the Executive Board Discussion

Volume/Issue: 2002/166

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 August 2002

ISBN: 9781451839593

Keywords: budget, debt, deficit, interest, interest rates

This 2002 Article IV Consultation highlights that the United States economy slipped into recession in early 2001, as industrial production dropped sharply, investment and exports declined, and employment and weekly...

Enlargement of Fund Resources Through Increases in Quotas

Enlargement of Fund Resources Through Increases in Quotas »

Source: IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III: Documents

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451972511

Keywords: gold, member country, balance of payments, foreign exchange, international trade

At the Annual Meetings in 1958 the subject discussed in the preceding document was extensively canvassed by Governors. On the motion of the Governor for the United States, a resolution was passe...

Compensatory Financing: First Report

Compensatory Financing: First Report »

Source: IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III: Documents

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451972511

Keywords: gold, member country, balance of payments, foreign exchange, international trade

In March 1959 the UN Commission on International Commodity Trade agreed to consider at its next session, in May 1960, international measures designed to compensate for fluctuations in export rec...

Increases in Quotas: Fourth Quinquennial Review

Increases in Quotas: Fourth Quinquennial Review »

Source: IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III: Documents

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451972511

Keywords: gold, member country, balance of payments, foreign exchange, international trade

The Fund is required at intervals of five years to review the quotas of members and to propose any adjustments that it believes to be desirable. No changes were proposed in the course of the fir...

8 Borrowing by the IMF

8 Borrowing by the IMF »

Source: International Financial Policy : Essays in honor of Jacques J. Polak

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1991

ISBN: 9781557751966

Keywords: exchange rate, monetary fund, current account, exchange rates, inflation

Jacques J. Polak has been a delegate to the Bretton Woods Conference, a senior official on the staff of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), and an Executive Director of the organization. I can think of on...

3 Implications of the Uruguay Round for the Arab Countries A General Analysis

3 Implications of the Uruguay Round for the Arab Countries A General Analysis »

Source: The Uruguay Round and the Arab Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557754974

Keywords: trade in services, international trade, market access, national treatment, round agreement

The Uruguay Round has been heralded by many as constituting a major advance in the process of multilateral liberalization of trade in goods and services and in strengthening the sup...

Chapter 6. The Right Energy Taxes and Their Impacts

Chapter 6. The Right Energy Taxes and Their Impacts »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

This chapter summarizes the corrective tax estimates for coal, natural gas, and motor fuels based on the assumptions discussed in previous chapters, both for selected countries and,...

5 The Uruguay Round and International Trade in Agricultural Products Implications for Arab Countries

5 The Uruguay Round and International Trade in Agricultural Products Implications for Arab Countries »

Source: The Uruguay Round and the Arab Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557754974

Keywords: trade in services, international trade, market access, national treatment, round agreement

For the first time, the GATT has addressed agricultural trade policies in a comprehensive manner. Although only eight Arab countries are currently members of the GAT...

Chapter 4. Measuring Pollution Damage from Fuel Use

Chapter 4. Measuring Pollution Damage from Fuel Use »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

This chapter begins with a brief review of the literature on valuing climate change damage from carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The heart of the chapter is about measuring damage fr...