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Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region

Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region »

Source: Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region

Volume/Issue: 2004/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

ISBN: 9781451856071

Keywords: Multinational firms, MENA countries, fdi, investment risk, direct investment

This paper demonstrates that instability associated with investment risk is critical in explaining the level of foreign direct investment for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries, which generally have...

Rwanda

Rwanda »

Source: Rwanda : Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries-Completion Point Document

Volume/Issue: 2005/173

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 June 2005

ISBN: 9781451833362

Keywords: debt, debt service, external debt, bilateral debt

This paper presents the Completion Point Document for consideration of Rwanda's Enhanced Initiative for Heavily Indebted Poor Countries. The government has maintained the policy of protecting social sector budget a...

BURUNDI: Joint IMF/World Bank Debt Sustainability Analysis 2011

BURUNDI: Joint IMF/World Bank Debt Sustainability Analysis 2011 »

Source: Burundi : Seventh Review Under the Three-Year Arrangement Under the Extended Credit Facility and Request for a New Three-Year Arrangement Under the Extended Credit Facility: Staff Report; Staff Supplement; Press Release on the Executive Board Discussion; and Statement by the Executive Director for Burundi.

Volume/Issue: 2012/28

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 February 2012

ISBN: 9781463935825

Keywords: debt, external debt, debt management, central bank

Burundi's economy has continued to grow at a slower pace than envisaged owing to the impact of food and fuel shocks on aggregate demand. The macroeconomic outlook remains broadly positive but subject to risks that...

Panama

Panama »

Source: Panama : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1999/7

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1999

ISBN: 9781451830804

Keywords: interest, debt, loans, external debt, liabilities

This paper provides background information to the IMF staff report for the 1998 Article IV Consultation discussions with Panama. It focuses on areas of interest in Panama's medium-term economic strategy, and gives...

Tunisia

Tunisia »

Source: Tunisia : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 1997/57

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 July 1997

ISBN: 9781451837742

Keywords: private investment, trade liberalization, fixed capital formation, fixed capital, gross fixed capital formation

This Selected Issues paper serves as background to the 1997 Article IV Consultation with Tunisia and sheds light on economic developments in Tunisia during 1990-96. The paper aims to identify more closely obstacles...

Poland

Poland »

Source: Poland : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1997/33

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 April 1997

ISBN: 9781451831795

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, national bank, domestic demand, balance of payments

This paper reviews economic developments in Poland during 1995-96. The focus is on macroeconomic developments in the real, fiscal, monetary, and external sectors, respectively, while structural policies are also re...

Republic of Yemen

Republic of Yemen »

Source: Republic of Yemen : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2001/61

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2001

ISBN: 9781451840780

Keywords: central bank, crude oil, petroleum products, oil prices, external debt

In recent years, the IMF has released a growing number of reports and other documents covering economic and financial developments and trends in member countries. Each report, prepared by a staff team after discuss...

Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East

Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East »

Source: Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East

Volume/Issue: 2007/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ludvig Söderling , Hanan Morsy , Martin Petri , Martin Hommes , Manal Fouad , and Wojciech Maliszewski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865769

Keywords: oil producers, oil producing countries, oil producing, oil prices

Public debt in the Middle East increased during the mid-1990s mainly because of fiscal expansions. It decreased in recent years, thanks to high oil revenue, economic growth, some primary non-oil fiscal adjustment,...

Malta

Malta »

Source: Malta : Selected Issues and Statistical Appendix

Volume/Issue: 1999/72

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 August 1999

ISBN: 9781451826593

Keywords: indirect taxes, import duties, tax system, import taxes, excise tax

This Selected Issues paper and Statistical Appendix analyzes the fiscal and structural issues affecting Malta's economic performance, specifically the public enterprises and the tax system. The paper focuses on exc...

Angola

Angola »

Source: Angola : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1995/122

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 December 1995

ISBN: 9781451800470

Keywords: oil sector, external debt, oil companies, central bank, debt service, Recent Economic Developments,

This paper describes economic developments in Angola during the 1990s. A major decline in economic conditions occurred in 1993, in the wake of the resumption of the civil war. In 1993, inflation reached unprecedent...