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Republic of Congo

Republic of Congo »

Source: Republic of Congo : Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper

Volume/Issue: 2012/242

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 August 2012

ISBN: 9781475505986

Keywords: urban development, business climate, drinking water, land reform, social welfare, Congo,

The government of the Republic of Congo launched a program aimed at consolidating peace and promoting economic and social development. The objectives included improvement of governance and consolidation of peace an...

Relative Price Stability, Creditor Rights, and Financial Deepening

Relative Price Stability, Creditor Rights, and Financial Deepening »

Source: Relative Price Stability, Creditor Rights, and Financial Deepening

Volume/Issue: 2007/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Pablo Druck , Alexander Plekhanov , and Mario Dehesa

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2007

ISBN: 9781451867039

Keywords: Private credit, creditor rights, volatility, relative price, relative price variability, high inflation, price stability,

The paper provides a theoretical and cross-country empirical analysis of the determinants of financial deepening, and finds that higher credit-to-GDP ratios are associated with stronger creditor rights and lower in...

Dollarization of the Banking System

Dollarization of the Banking System »

Source: Dollarization of the Banking System : Good or Bad?

Volume/Issue: 2003/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gianni De Nicolo , Patrick Honohan , and Alain Ize

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

ISBN: 9781451856668

Keywords: Financial Deepening, Financial Instability, inflation, foreign currency, foreign exchange, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration,

This paper assesses the benefits and risks associated with dollarization of the banking system. We provide novel empirical evidence on the determinants of dollarization, its role in promoting financial development,...

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending

Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending »

Source: Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending : Theory and Evidence

Volume/Issue: 2015/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Christian Ebeke , and Constant Lonkeng Ngouana

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 May 2015

ISBN: 9781475580747

Keywords: Energy subsidies, Public social spending, Causality, subsidy, tax, energy subsidy, Cross-Sectional Models, Single Equation Models: Single Variables: Instrumental Variables (IV) Estimation, Causality.,

This paper shows that high energy subsidies and low public social spending can emerge as an equilibrium outcome of a political game between the elite and the middle-class when the provision of public goods is subje...

Institutional Quality and International Trade

Institutional Quality and International Trade »

Source: Institutional Quality and International Trade

Volume/Issue: 2004/231

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrei Levchenko

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2004

ISBN: 9781451875560

Keywords: institutions, incomplete contracts, institutional quality, factor endowments, factor price, trade opening, Neoclassical Models of Trade, Country and Industry Studies of Trade, Trade and Labor Market Interactions,

The quality of institutions-meaning the quality of contract enforcement, property rights, shareholder protection, and the like-has received a great deal of attention in recent years. The purposes of this paper are...

Petroleum Product Subsidies

Petroleum Product Subsidies »

Source: Petroleum Product Subsidies : Costly, Inequitable, and On the Rise

Volume/Issue: 2010/05

Series: IMF Staff Position Notes

Author(s): John Piotrowski , David Coady , Justin Tyson , Rolando Ossowski , Robert Gillingham , and Shamsuddin Tareq

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 February 2010

ISBN: 9781455239108

Keywords: Commodity price fluctuations, Oil exporting countries, Oil product prices, Oil subsidies, Price stabilization, Fiscal reforms, Governance, Taxes, Subsidies, Petroleum products

Petroleum product subsidies have again started to increase with the rebound in international prices. This note reviews recent developments in subsidy levels and argues that reforming the policy framework for settin...

Can the Natural Resource Curse Be Turned Into a Blessing? The Role of Trade Policies and Institutions1

Can the Natural Resource Curse Be Turned Into a Blessing? The Role of Trade Policies and Institutions1 »

Source: Can the Natural Resource Curse Be Turned Into a Blessing? The Role of Trade Policies and Institutions

Volume/Issue: 2007/55

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Rabah Arezki , and Frederik van der Ploeg

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2007

ISBN: 9781451866193

Keywords: Resource curse, institutions, trade policies, growth performance, income per capita, natural resource, natural resource curse, natural resource revenues, natural resources, natural resource abundance

We criticize existing empirical results on the detrimental effects of natural resource dependence on the rate of economic growth after controlling for institutional quality, openness, and initial income. These resu...

From Ambition to Execution

From Ambition to Execution »

Source: From Ambition to Execution : Policies in Support of Sustainable Development Goals

Volume/Issue: 2015/18

Series: Staff Discussion Notes

Author(s): Stefania Fabrizio , Rodrigo Garcia-Verdu , Catherine Pattillo , Adrian Peralta-Alva , Andrea Presbitero , Baoping Shang , Genevieve Verdier , Marie-Therese Camilleri , Kazuaki Washimi , Lisa Kolovich , Monique Newiak , Martin Cihak , Inci Otker , Luis-Felipe Zanna , and Carol Baker

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 September 2015

ISBN: 9781513573304

Keywords: Inclusive growth, Income inequality, Gender, Environmental sustainability, Sustainable development, Fiscal policy, Developing countries, sustainable development goals, growth, structural transformation

The formal launch of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) sets the global development agenda through 2030, placing significant emphasis on promoting social and environmental sustainability alongside economic gr...

III Recent Developments in Export Credits

III Recent Developments in Export Credits »

Source: Official Financing for Developing Countries 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 1998

ISBN: 9781557757029

Keywords: debt, creditors, interest, external debt, debt service

Officially supported export credits 6 represent a large share of the external debt of developing countries and economies in transition. In 1996, they accounted for more than 24 pe...

6 Sources of Growth in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: An Econometric Approach

6 Sources of Growth in the Democratic Republic of the Congo: An Econometric Approach »

Source: Postconflict Economics in Sub-Saharan Africa, Lessons from the Democratic Republic of the Congo

Series: Books

Author(s): Jean Clément

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 February 2005

ISBN: 9781589062528

Keywords: civil war, civil wars, military, political instability, real gdp

Section I. Introduction The Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), 1 with a large and dynamic population of more than 55 million people, is endowed...