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V Macroeconomic Environment

V Macroeconomic Environment »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs in Indonesia, Korea and Thailand

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Timothy Lane , Marianne Schulze-Gattas , Tsidi Tsikata , Steven Phillips , Atish Ghosh , and A. Hamann

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 June 1999

ISBN: 9781557757838

Keywords: exchange rate, current account, exchange rates, inflation, crisis countries

The Asian crisis plunged the countries affected into deep recessions. As of October 1998, real GDP was estimated to decline in 1998 by 7 percent in Korea, 8 percent in Thailand, and 15 percent in Indonesia....

Statistical Appendix

Statistical Appendix »

Source: Vietnam : Transition to a Market Economy

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Krishna Srinivasan , Erich Spitäller , M. Braulke , Christian Mulder , Hisanobu Shishido , Kenneth M. Miranda , John Dodsworth , and Keon Lee

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1996

ISBN: 9781557755384

Keywords: exchange rate, inflation, foreign exchange, state enterprises, exchange rates

Table A1. Ranking of Low-Income Countries According to Share of Industry in GDP, 1987,1...

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84

APPENDIX III A Review of Policies in Fund Programs, 1980–84 »

Source: Fund-Supported Programs, Fiscal Policy, and Income Distribution

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 September 1986

ISBN: 9780939934645

Keywords: taxation, expenditure, salaries, subsidies, income distribution

Selection of the Sample The Fund approved 117 stand-by programs and 23 extended facilities from January 1980 to December 1984, for 68 countries. Twenty-two countries had programs in...

Appendix III Data on Antidumping, Safeguards, and Similar Actions

Appendix III Data on Antidumping, Safeguards, and Similar Actions »

Source: Trade Policy Developments in Industrial Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Wanda Tseng , Lorenzo Pérez , Zubair Iqbal , and Shailendra Anjaria

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1981

ISBN: 9781557750822

Keywords: international trade, oil exporting, exporting developing countries, bilateral agreements, quantitative restrictions

Table 7. United States: Antidumping, Countervailing Duties, and Escape Clause Actions During 1978–80 1...

Appendix IV Data on Sectoral Trade

Appendix IV Data on Sectoral Trade »

Source: Trade Policy Developments in Industrial Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Wanda Tseng , Lorenzo Pérez , Zubair Iqbal , and Shailendra Anjaria

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1981

ISBN: 9781557750822

Keywords: international trade, oil exporting, exporting developing countries, bilateral agreements, quantitative restrictions

Table 11. Electronic Products: Japanese Exports of Color Television Sets, 1978–80 (In thousands of units)...

IV Implications for Developing Countries

IV Implications for Developing Countries »

Source: Trade Policy Developments in Industrial Countries

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Wanda Tseng , Lorenzo Pérez , Zubair Iqbal , and Shailendra Anjaria

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 July 1981

ISBN: 9781557750822

Keywords: international trade, oil exporting, exporting developing countries, bilateral agreements, quantitative restrictions

Recent Developments Export performance of developing countries is affected by many factors, such as the domestic policies adopted, the growth of demand in industrial countries’ marke...

IX Experience with Rapid Liberalization

IX Experience with Rapid Liberalization »

Source: Capital Controls : Country Experiences with Their Use and Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Akira Ariyoshi , Andrei Kirilenko , Inci Ötker , Bernard Laurens , Jorge Canales Kriljenko , and Karl Habermeier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2000

ISBN: 9781557758743

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, capital controls, capital flows, foreign exchange

Argentina (1991) Following bouts of hyperinflation in the 1970s and 1980s, Argentina experienced an almost complete loss of monetary policy credibility and a collapse in demand for d...

II Country Experiences

II Country Experiences »

Source: Capital Controls : Country Experiences with Their Use and Liberalization

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Akira Ariyoshi , Andrei Kirilenko , Inci Ötker , Bernard Laurens , Jorge Canales Kriljenko , and Karl Habermeier

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 May 2000

ISBN: 9781557758743

Keywords: capital inflows, exchange rate, capital controls, capital flows, foreign exchange

General Considerations on the Use of Capital Controls This section provides a brief summary of the general considerations involved in the use of capital controls, including the objec...

II Vulnerabilities

II Vulnerabilities »

Source: Financial Sector Crisis and Restructuring : Lessons from Asia: Lessons from Asia

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Leslie Teo , Charles Enoch , Carl-Johan Lindgren , Tomás Baliño , Anne Gulde , and Marc Quintyn

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 January 2000

ISBN: 9781557758712

Keywords: restructuring, loans, banking, debt, asset management

The Asian financial crisis involved several mutually reinforcing events, starting with the devaluation of the Thai baht in July 1997, and followed by devaluations of other currencie...

VII Banking Sector Developments

VII Banking Sector Developments »

Source: China's Growth and Integration into the World Economy : Prospects and Challenges

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Eswar Prasad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 17 June 2004

ISBN: 9781589062580

Keywords: Economic growth, Development, Trade, exchange rate, inflation, real exchange rate, employment, unemployment

An effective banking sector is essential for promoting financial intermediation and the efficient allocation of resources. In China, this is especially true given the high saving and investment rates, and th...