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23 Mexico

23 Mexico »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Mexico has a complex system of intergovernmental fiscal relations, characterized by a relatively high degree of expenditure centralization and by limited revenue-raising powers of state and municipal governm...

III. The Fiscal Policy Outlook: Adjustment Needs and Plans

III. The Fiscal Policy Outlook: Adjustment Needs and Plans »

Source: Navigating the Fiscal Challenges Ahead

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 2010

ISBN: 9781455280490

Keywords: net debt, public debt, fiscal adjustment, government debt, debt ratios

21. Major fiscal consolidation will be needed over the years ahead. The increase in budget deficits played a key role in staving off an economic catastrophe. As economic conditions improve, the attention of...

7 Control of Subnational Government Borrowing

7 Control of Subnational Government Borrowing »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

In the last two decades, public sector debt has shown a rising trend in relation to GDP in a wide range of countries, both federal and unitary. These increases have reflected high levels of real interest rat...

IV. Adjustment Measures and Institutions

IV. Adjustment Measures and Institutions »

Source: Navigating the Fiscal Challenges Ahead

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 2010

ISBN: 9781455280490

Keywords: net debt, public debt, fiscal adjustment, government debt, debt ratios

A. Strategies for Adjustment 36. Achieving large fiscal adjustments will require a variety of measures, with emphasis likely on the expenditure side. This section summarizes recent w...

1 Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations in a Macroeconomic Perspective: An Overview

1 Intergovernmental Fiscal Relations in a Macroeconomic Perspective: An Overview »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Over the past few decades a clear trend has emerged worldwide toward the devolution of spending and, to a lesser extent, revenue-raising responsibilities to subnational levels of government (state and local)...

2 Assigning Expenditure Responsibilities

2 Assigning Expenditure Responsibilities »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Economic theory offers limited guidance for assigning expenditure responsibilities among different levels of government. At the micro level, the benefit principle suggests that a given service should be prov...

3 Tax Assignment

3 Tax Assignment »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

A key issue in the literature on fiscal federalism is the question of how subnational authorities might best be financed. This complex issue has no easy solutions, given the wide variety of systems actually...

I. The Near- and Medium-Term Fiscal Outlook.

I. The Near- and Medium-Term Fiscal Outlook. »

Source: Navigating the Fiscal Challenges Ahead

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 May 2010

ISBN: 9781455280490

Keywords: net debt, public debt, fiscal adjustment, government debt, debt ratios

A. Outlook for 2010. 1. While global activity is rebounding faster than projected earlier, the fiscal outlook is not improving commensurately. The overall fiscal deficit for the worl...

17 Bolivia

17 Bolivia »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

As previous chapters have related, the major objective of recent reforms of intergovernmental financial relations in countries around the world has been the decentralization of government operations from the...

5 Tax Administration

5 Tax Administration »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

In many developing countries efficient or equitable tax policies may fail because the tax administration is not able to implement these policies (Casanegra de Jantscher, 1986). Consideration of the tax admin...