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II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment »

Source: IMF Conditionality : Experience Under Stand-by and Extended Arrangements, Part I: Key Issues and Findings

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Miguel Savastano , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , Mauro Mecagni , James John , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557754929

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, capital inflows, exchange rate, real interest rates

Almost without exception, the initial positions of the countries under review were dire. Most were suffering the effects of long-standing institutional and structural weaknesses, fiscal excesses, and deficie...

CHAPTER 1 Overview

CHAPTER 1 Overview »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

This book is based on a high-level seminar that took place in Algiers on November 4th and 5th, 2010, under the title, “Natural Resources, Finance, and Development: Confronting Old a...

CHAPTER 10 How Can Commodity Exporters Make Fiscal and Monetary Policy Less Procyclical?

CHAPTER 10 How Can Commodity Exporters Make Fiscal and Monetary Policy Less Procyclical? »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

THE PROBLEM OF PROCYCLICALITY Countries dependent on exports of oil, minerals, and other primary commodities tend to have pronounced economic cycles. Although this cyclical variabili...

CHAPTER 4 Economic Diversification in Resource-Rich Countries

CHAPTER 4 Economic Diversification in Resource-Rich Countries »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

INTRODUCTION Developing countries as a whole have been remarkably successful in diversifying their economies and their export structures. This process of diversification has taken ma...

CHAPTER 2 Natural Resource Endowment: A Mixed Blessing?

CHAPTER 2 Natural Resource Endowment: A Mixed Blessing? »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

INTRODUCTION Economic geography is no longer what it used to be. For a long time, economic geographers studied raw materials and their distribution around the world and assigned cruc...

CHAPTER 5 Finance and Oil: Is There a Resource Curse?

CHAPTER 5 Finance and Oil: Is There a Resource Curse? »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

INTRODUCTION An extensive literature has identified financial sector development as a critical factor in inclusive economic development (see Levine, 2005, and Beck, 2009, for overvie...