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Attacking Air Pollution in Mexico City

Attacking Air Pollution in Mexico City »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1992

Volume/Issue: 29/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

ISBN: 9781451951806

Keywords: poverty reduction, expenditures, expenditure, public expenditure, food subsidies

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Climate and Economic Development: Is the location of many developing countries in the tropics a cause of their poverty?

Climate and Economic Development: Is the location of many developing countries in the tropics a cause of their poverty? »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1973

Volume/Issue: 10/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1973

ISBN: 9781616353124

Keywords: economic development, temperate zone, soils, tropical soils, tropical areas

This paper reviews the influence of the tropical climate on economic development. The paper highlights that the effect of climate is clearly not the only ruling constraint on economic development. It is claimed tha...

Rehabilitating watersheds: Reforestation, though necessary, is only part of a broader development strategy to preserve watershed environments

Rehabilitating watersheds: Reforestation, though necessary, is only part of a broader development strategy to preserve watershed environments »

Source: Finance & Development, March 1982

Volume/Issue: 19/1

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1982

ISBN: 9781616353483

Keywords: bank loans, government expenditures, structural adjustment, bank management

This paper highlights that important changes have been made in the World Bank's management systems since Mr. A. W. Clausen became President in July 1981. The changes reflect Mr. Clausen's belief that there needs to...

APPENDICES

APPENDICES »

Source: Supply-Side Tax Policy : Its Relevance to Developing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Ved Gandhi , Liam Ebrill , Parthasarathi Shome , Luis Manas Anton , Jitendra Modi , Fernando Sanchez-Ugarte , and George Mackenzie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1987

ISBN: 9780939934911

Keywords: tax evasion, tax incentives, taxation, tax rates, tax system

APPENDIX I Statistical Tables Jitendra R. Modi, Somchai Richupan, and Chris Wu Many of the statistical tables included in this Appendix were...

5 Income Taxes and Investment Some Empirical Relationships for Developing Countries

5 Income Taxes and Investment Some Empirical Relationships for Developing Countries »

Source: Supply-Side Tax Policy : Its Relevance to Developing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Ved Gandhi , Liam Ebrill , Parthasarathi Shome , Luis Manas Anton , Jitendra Modi , Fernando Sanchez-Ugarte , and George Mackenzie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1987

ISBN: 9780939934911

Keywords: tax evasion, tax incentives, taxation, tax rates, tax system

There has been growing interest in the issue of how supply-side policies might be used to affect the growth rates of developing countries. In particular, it has been suggested that taxes may well be powerful...

8 Relationship Between Income Tax Ratios and Growth Rates in Developing Countries A Cross-Country Analysis

8 Relationship Between Income Tax Ratios and Growth Rates in Developing Countries A Cross-Country Analysis »

Source: Supply-Side Tax Policy : Its Relevance to Developing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Ved Gandhi , Liam Ebrill , Parthasarathi Shome , Luis Manas Anton , Jitendra Modi , Fernando Sanchez-Ugarte , and George Mackenzie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1987

ISBN: 9780939934911

Keywords: tax evasion, tax incentives, taxation, tax rates, tax system

This chapter presents some empirical evidence on the interrelationship between output growth and the reliance of the tax system on income taxes in developing countries, using cross-country and pooled cross-c...

10 Rationality of Income Tax Incentives in Developing Countries A Supply-Side Look

10 Rationality of Income Tax Incentives in Developing Countries A Supply-Side Look »

Source: Supply-Side Tax Policy : Its Relevance to Developing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Ved Gandhi , Liam Ebrill , Parthasarathi Shome , Luis Manas Anton , Jitendra Modi , Fernando Sanchez-Ugarte , and George Mackenzie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1987

ISBN: 9780939934911

Keywords: tax evasion, tax incentives, taxation, tax rates, tax system

This chapter examines tax incentives from the supply-side point of view and analyzes whether selective tax incentives can be used by developing countries to achieve the supply-side objectives of economic eff...

11 Are Export Duties Optimal in Developing Countries? Some Supply-Side Considerations

11 Are Export Duties Optimal in Developing Countries? Some Supply-Side Considerations »

Source: Supply-Side Tax Policy : Its Relevance to Developing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Ved Gandhi , Liam Ebrill , Parthasarathi Shome , Luis Manas Anton , Jitendra Modi , Fernando Sanchez-Ugarte , and George Mackenzie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1987

ISBN: 9780939934911

Keywords: tax evasion, tax incentives, taxation, tax rates, tax system

Export duties play an important role in the revenue structures of developing countries. For these countries, export duties are a useful tool for raising revenue, since compared with their enormous financing...

4 Optimal Taxation of Financial Savings in Developing Countries Relevance of Supply-Side Tax Policies

4 Optimal Taxation of Financial Savings in Developing Countries Relevance of Supply-Side Tax Policies »

Source: Supply-Side Tax Policy : Its Relevance to Developing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Ved Gandhi , Liam Ebrill , Parthasarathi Shome , Luis Manas Anton , Jitendra Modi , Fernando Sanchez-Ugarte , and George Mackenzie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1987

ISBN: 9780939934911

Keywords: tax evasion, tax incentives, taxation, tax rates, tax system

This chapter evaluates, for the case of developing countries, the potential impact of supply-side proposals for stimulating savings. Some supply-side economists argue, in the contex...

3 Are Labor Supply, Savings, and Investment Price-Sensitive in Developing Countries? A Survey of the Empirical Literature

3 Are Labor Supply, Savings, and Investment Price-Sensitive in Developing Countries? A Survey of the Empirical Literature »

Source: Supply-Side Tax Policy : Its Relevance to Developing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Ved Gandhi , Liam Ebrill , Parthasarathi Shome , Luis Manas Anton , Jitendra Modi , Fernando Sanchez-Ugarte , and George Mackenzie

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1987

ISBN: 9780939934911

Keywords: tax evasion, tax incentives, taxation, tax rates, tax system

This chapter aims to summarize the available empirical estimates of the impact of a number of direct tax instruments on labor supply, investment, and savings in developing countries with a view to determinin...