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Dollarization in Latin America

Dollarization in Latin America »

Source: Dollarization in Latin America : Recent Evidence and Some Policy Issues

Volume/Issue: 1996/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Miguel Savastano

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1996

ISBN: 9781451841992

Keywords: dollarization, foreign currency, inflation, high inflation

This paper examines the pattern of dollarization in Latin America, focusing on the experience of five countries (Argentina, Bolivia, Mexico, Peru and Uruguay) during 1970-1993. It presents evidence on the relative...

Dollarization of the Banking System

Dollarization of the Banking System »

Source: Dollarization of the Banking System : Good or Bad?

Volume/Issue: 2003/146

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gianni De Nicolo , Patrick Honohan , and Alain Ize

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2003

ISBN: 9781451856668

Keywords: Financial Deepening, Financial Instability, inflation, foreign currency, foreign exchange, Financial Aspects of Economic Integration,

This paper assesses the benefits and risks associated with dollarization of the banking system. We provide novel empirical evidence on the determinants of dollarization, its role in promoting financial development,...

International Trade and Poverty Alleviation1

International Trade and Poverty Alleviation1 »

Source: International Trade and Poverty Alleviation

Volume/Issue: 2001/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Geoffrey Bannister

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451847512

Keywords: trade reform, effects of trade liberalization, trade reforms, Welfare and Poverty: General,

Empirical studies suggest that trade reform has a positive effect on employment and income for the poor; however, there are winners and losers. If the transitional costs of trade liberalization fall disproportionat...

The Caribbean: Enhancing Economic Integration

The Caribbean: Enhancing Economic Integration »

Source: The Caribbean : Enhancing Economic Integration

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Sanjaya Panth , Paul Cashin , and W. Bauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 October 2008

ISBN: 9781589067936

Keywords: tax incentives, fdi, preference erosion, trade preferences, exporting countries

The Caribbean has made substantial progress in recent years in implementing economic reforms, both at the national and regional level. The Caribbean: Enhancing Economic Integration examines the product of the effor...

IV Post-Uruguay Round Agenda

IV Post-Uruguay Round Agenda »

Source: International Trade Policies : The Uruguay Round and Beyond, Volume I. Principal Issues

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Richard Harmsen , Peter Uimonen , Naheed Kirmani , and Michael Leidy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754691

Keywords: trade liberalization, uruguay round, international trade, exchange rate, trade restrictions

The Final Act of the Uruguay Round provides for completing negotiations in key service sectors within specified time frames, including financial services, telecommunications, transportation, and movement of...

II Trade Policy Developments, 1990–93

II Trade Policy Developments, 1990–93 »

Source: International Trade Policies : The Uruguay Round and Beyond, Volume I. Principal Issues

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Richard Harmsen , Peter Uimonen , Naheed Kirmani , and Michael Leidy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754691

Keywords: trade liberalization, uruguay round, international trade, exchange rate, trade restrictions

During 1990–93, the growth of trade (as measured by trade volumes) outstripped the increase in real GDP, in line with the trend toward increased integration of the world economy over most of the past three d...

V Role of the Fund

V Role of the Fund »

Source: International Trade Policies : The Uruguay Round and Beyond, Volume I. Principal Issues

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Richard Harmsen , Peter Uimonen , Naheed Kirmani , and Michael Leidy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754691

Keywords: trade liberalization, uruguay round, international trade, exchange rate, trade restrictions

This section reviews the trade policy content of the Fund’s recent surveillance and lending activities, and issues of cooperation with the GATT/WTO. Surveillance In seeking...

I Introduction and Summary

I Introduction and Summary »

Source: Official Financing for Developing Countries 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 02 March 1998

ISBN: 9781557757029

Keywords: debt, creditors, interest, external debt, debt service

Official Flows in Context Overall gross resource flows to developing countries have surged in the 1990s—from some $100 billion in 1990 to over $250 billion in 1996....

4 Issues in the Design and Implementation of Trade Reforms—Experience in Developing and Transition Economies

4 Issues in the Design and Implementation of Trade Reforms—Experience in Developing and Transition Economies »

Source: Trade Policy Issues

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756213

Keywords: trade liberalization, free trade, uruguay round, trade diversion, trade reforms

I would like today to discuss selected issues in the design and implementation of trade reforms based on our experience with adjustment programs supported by the use of Fund resourc...

7 Trade Liberalization Issues in Industrial Countries

7 Trade Liberalization Issues in Industrial Countries »

Source: Trade Policy Issues

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756213

Keywords: trade liberalization, free trade, uruguay round, trade diversion, trade reforms

My presentation consists of the major policy challenges in the trade policy area that I see facing countries. The way I have structured my presentation is first to make some comment...