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14 Theory and Practice of Intergovernmental Transfers

14 Theory and Practice of Intergovernmental Transfers »

Source: Reforming China's Public Finances

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

The design of intergovernmental transfers in developing countries is often a contributing factor to fiscal imbalances at subnational levels and an impediment to effi...

6 A Comparative Perspective on Expenditure Assignments

6 A Comparative Perspective on Expenditure Assignments »

Source: Reforming China's Public Finances

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

Principles Expenditure assignments influence the effective provision of certain services, as well as macroeconomic policy, but have important distributional implicati...

APPENDIX

APPENDIX »

Source: Tax Policy Handbook

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 April 1995

ISBN: 9781557754905

Keywords: taxation, vat, tax system, tax structure, tax systems

Summary Tax Structure Tables, 1975–92 Asegedech Woldemariam The attached tables contain cross-country statistical information...

VI: Special Topics

VI: Special Topics »

Source: Tax Policy Handbook

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 April 1995

ISBN: 9781557754905

Keywords: taxation, vat, tax system, tax structure, tax systems

Taxation of Mineral and Petroleum Resources David C.L. Nellor...

I: Introduction

I: Introduction »

Source: Tax Policy Handbook

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 April 1995

ISBN: 9781557754905

Keywords: taxation, vat, tax system, tax structure, tax systems

Introduction Parthasarathi Shome The scope of the Tax Policy Handbook includes a consideration of the theoretical underpinnin...

IV: Income and Wealth Taxes

IV: Income and Wealth Taxes »

Source: Tax Policy Handbook

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 April 1995

ISBN: 9781557754905

Keywords: taxation, vat, tax system, tax structure, tax systems

The Concept of Income John R. King Income is not a simple concept. In the theoretical literature, several alternative definit...

V: Taxation and the Open Economy

V: Taxation and the Open Economy »

Source: Tax Policy Handbook

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 April 1995

ISBN: 9781557754905

Keywords: taxation, vat, tax system, tax structure, tax systems

International Trade Taxes Julio Escolano Wh...

Chapter 7. Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending: Theory and Evidence

Chapter 7. Energy Subsidies and Public Social Spending: Theory and Evidence »

Source: Fiscal Politics

Series: Books

Author(s): Vitor Gaspar , Sanjeev Gupta , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 April 2017

ISBN: 9781475547900

Keywords: Fiscal Policy, Budgets, Politics, Political Economy, Elections, Institutions, Parties

Introduction Many studies have stressed the fiscal cost and environmental impact of energy subsidies (see, for example, IEA 2011; IMF 2013a; Parry and others 2014; and World Bank 201...

III: Domestic Consumption and Production Taxes

III: Domestic Consumption and Production Taxes »

Source: Tax Policy Handbook

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 April 1995

ISBN: 9781557754905

Keywords: taxation, vat, tax system, tax structure, tax systems

Theory of Optimal Commodity Taxation Howell H. Zee...

Chapter 15. Relieving Constraints on the Business Environment and Supporting Foreign Direct Investment

Chapter 15. Relieving Constraints on the Business Environment and Supporting Foreign Direct Investment »

Source: Race to the Next Income Frontier : How Senegal and Other Low-Income Countries Can Reach the Finish Line

Series: Books

Author(s): Ali Mansoor , Salifou Issoufou , and Daouda Sembene

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 April 2018

ISBN: 9781484303139

Keywords: Debt sustainability, Economic growth, Economic reforms, Poverty reduction, Senegal, Gross domestric product growth, Inclusive growth, Output growth, Plan Senegal Emergent, growth rate

Introduction A country’s business environment may be defined as the set of political, legal, institutional, and regulatory conditions governing corporate activities. It is a subset o...