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Climate and Economic Development: Is the location of many developing countries in the tropics a cause of their poverty?

Climate and Economic Development: Is the location of many developing countries in the tropics a cause of their poverty? »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1973

Volume/Issue: 10/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1973

ISBN: 9781616353124

Keywords: economic development, temperate zone, soils, tropical soils, tropical areas

This paper reviews the influence of the tropical climate on economic development. The paper highlights that the effect of climate is clearly not the only ruling constraint on economic development. It is claimed tha...

III Macroeconomic Environment and Factors Underlying Growth and Investment

III Macroeconomic Environment and Factors Underlying Growth and Investment »

Source: Jordan : Strategy for Adjustment and Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Ahsan Mansur , and Edouard Maciejewski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 May 1996

ISBN: 9781557755582

Keywords: debt, interest, central bank, public debt, external debt

This section provides background information on how Jordan’s adjustment and reform programs and the resulting improved macroeconomic policy environment have influenced investment and growth in recent years....

CHAPTER II THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY SYSTEM IN THE (VERY) LONG RUN

CHAPTER II THE INTERNATIONAL MONETARY SYSTEM IN THE (VERY) LONG RUN »

Source: World Economic Outlook 2000 : Supporting Studies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451944242

Keywords: exchange rate, gold, exchange rates, unemployment, real exchange rate

The dawn of the new millennium is an appropriate time to take stock of the evolution of the international monetary system. In most of the literature on this subject, a long view is anything that considers th...

CHAPTER III CURRENCY CRISES: IN SEARCH OF COMMON ELEMENTS

CHAPTER III CURRENCY CRISES: IN SEARCH OF COMMON ELEMENTS »

Source: World Economic Outlook 2000 : Supporting Studies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451944242

Keywords: exchange rate, gold, exchange rates, unemployment, real exchange rate

The financial crisis that erupted in east Asia in the second half of 1997 was the latest in a series of currency crises that at various times in the post–Bretton Woods period have engulfed emerging market ec...

CHAPTER I GLOBALIZATION AND GROWTH IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY

CHAPTER I GLOBALIZATION AND GROWTH IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY »

Source: World Economic Outlook 2000 : Supporting Studies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451944242

Keywords: exchange rate, gold, exchange rates, unemployment, real exchange rate

This chapter reviews the experience of economic growth during the twentieth century in the context of trends in globalization and with a view to highlighting implications relevant to early twenty-first centu...

CHAPTER V THE GREAT CONTRACTIONS IN RUSSIA, THE BALTICS, AND THE OTHER COUNTRIES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION: A VIEW FROM THE SUPPLY SIDE

CHAPTER V THE GREAT CONTRACTIONS IN RUSSIA, THE BALTICS, AND THE OTHER COUNTRIES OF THE FORMER SOVIET UNION: A VIEW FROM THE SUPPLY SIDE »

Source: World Economic Outlook 2000 : Supporting Studies

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451944242

Keywords: exchange rate, gold, exchange rates, unemployment, real exchange rate

The early years of transition from a command to a market-based economy in central and eastern Europe have typically witnessed considerable output drops, at least according to official national statistics. Ou...

III Multilateral Unit-Labor-Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries

III Multilateral Unit-Labor-Cost-Based Competitiveness Indicators for Advanced, Developing, and Transition Countries »

Source: Staff Studies for the World Economic Outlook, 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 1998

ISBN: 9781557757012

Keywords: labor standards, inflation, employment, wages, monetary policy

The IMF’s multilateral real exchange rate indices based on relative unit labor costs in manufacturing, which are currently calculated for 21 industrial countries, have for some time...

Fiscal Policy and Growth

Fiscal Policy and Growth »

Source: Fiscal Dimensions of Sustainable Development

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2002

ISBN: 9781589061590

Keywords: fiscal policy, public spending, expenditure, sustainable development, public expenditure

Economic Growth, Sustainable Development, and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Economic growth is essential for sustainable development and improving social outcomes....

2 Lessons from Past Crises—and How the Current Crisis Differs

2 Lessons from Past Crises—and How the Current Crisis Differs »

Source: Global Monitoring Report, 2010 : The MDGs after the Crisis

Series: Other Official Rpts and Docs

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 April 2010

ISBN: 9781455215959

Keywords: hiv/aids, safety nets, maternal mortality, external shocks, infant mortality

Historically, periods of sharp contraction have been extremely harmful for human development. Social indicators tend to deteriorate rapidly during economic downturns and improve slowly during ec...

V The Effect of Globalization on Wages in the Advanced Economies

V The Effect of Globalization on Wages in the Advanced Economies »

Source: Staff Studies for the World Economic Outlook, 1997

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 1998

ISBN: 9781557757012

Keywords: labor standards, inflation, employment, wages, monetary policy

To what extent has “globalization”—the increasing international integration of markets for goods, factors, and teehnology—affected labor markets in the advanced economies? This pape...