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Megacities and the Environment

Megacities and the Environment »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1993

Volume/Issue: 30/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1993

ISBN: 9781451952568

Keywords: monetary policy, inflation, central bank, foreign exchange, monetary fund

SlNCE the dissolution of the Soviet Union, most of the former member states have retained the ruble as their national currency but have followed independent monetary policies. Such a combination is not sustainable....

Ukraine: Selected Issues

Ukraine: Selected Issues »

Source: Ukraine : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2007/47

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 February 2007

ISBN: 9781451839098

Keywords: energy, tariffs, energy sector, international monetary fund

This Selected Issues paper analyses the impact that rising energy import prices might have on growth and inflation in Ukraine. The paper examines how rising gas prices might elevate macrofiscal risks in Ukraine's s...

Ukraine: Selected Issues

Ukraine: Selected Issues »

Source: Ukraine : Selected Issues

Volume/Issue: 2007/47

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 February 2007

ISBN: 9781451839098

Keywords: energy, tariffs, energy sector, international monetary fund

This Selected Issues paper analyses the impact that rising energy import prices might have on growth and inflation in Ukraine. The paper examines how rising gas prices might elevate macrofiscal risks in Ukraine's s...

Ukraine's Gas Arrears

Ukraine's Gas Arrears »

Source: Ukraine's Gas Arrears : Issues and Recommendations

Volume/Issue: 1996/3

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Amer Bisat

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 1996

ISBN: 9781451974010

Keywords: gas, gas import, local distribution, gas distribution, gas sector

This paper discusses issues related to the gas arrears ‘crisis’ in Ukraine. It concludes that the problem, which can be traced to policy distortions, can be contained through an acceleration of struct...

Ukraine

Ukraine »

Source: Ukraine : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1996/21

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 March 1996

ISBN: 9781451838916

Keywords: gas, wages, wage, benefits, payroll

This paper reviews economic developments in Ukraine during 1991-95. In October 1994, Ukraine finally embarked upon a comprehensive program of economic reform and stabilization. Although the efforts made in late 199...

Energy Sector Quasi-Fiscal Activities in the Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Energy Sector Quasi-Fiscal Activities in the Countries of the Former Soviet Union »

Source: Energy Sector Quasi-Fiscal Activities in the Countries of the Former Soviet Union

Volume/Issue: 2002/60

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Aleh Tsyvinski , Martin Petri , and Günther Taube

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2002

ISBN: 9781451848069

Keywords: transition countries, quasi-fiscal activities, implicit subsidies, implicit taxation, payment arrears, gas, fiscal activities, coal, fiscal deficit, Structure

A decade into the transition, many of the successor states of the former Soviet Union (FSU) continue to use energy sector quasi-fiscal activities (QFAs), especially low energy prices and the toleration of payment a...

Why Does Fdi Go Where it Goes? New Evidence From the Transition Economies

Why Does Fdi Go Where it Goes? New Evidence From the Transition Economies »

Source: Why Does Fdi Go Where it Goes? New Evidence From the Transition Economies

Volume/Issue: 2003/228

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yuko Kinoshita , and Nauro Campos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451875461

Keywords: fdi, market size, foreign investors, host country, Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models: Models with Panel Data, Socialist Systems and Transitional Economies: Performance and Prospects,

This paper examines the importance of agglomeration economies and institutions vis-a-vis initial conditions and factor endowments in explaining the locational choice of foreign investors. Using a unique panel data...

FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries

FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries »

Source: FDI and the Investment Climate in the CIS Countries

Volume/Issue: 2003/5

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 November 2003

ISBN: 9781451972849

Keywords: Former Soviet Union, Montenegro, Transition economies, Investment climate, FDI, Regional issues, investment, capital flows, direct investment,

In view of disappointing levels of inward foreign direct investment (FDI), this paper examines capital flows into the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) countries and investigates the main impediments to a mo...

Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries

Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries »

Source: Cross-Border Issues in Energy Trade in the CIS Countries

Volume/Issue: 2002/13

Series: IMF Policy Discussion Papers

Author(s): Clinton Shiells , John Dodsworth , and Paul Mathieu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2002

ISBN: 9781451968958

Keywords: Energy sector, Azerbaijan, Armenia, Belarus, Former Soviet Union, Transition economies, Regional issues, oil products, crude oil, natural gas

This paper explores from a regional perspective the distorted nature of trade in energy products within the CIS countries. The persistence of pricing distortions, barter arrangements, and discriminatory access to p...

15 The Missing Pillar of a Growth Strategy for Ukraine: Reforms for Private Sector Development

15 The Missing Pillar of a Growth Strategy for Ukraine: Reforms for Private Sector Development »

Source: Ukraine : Accelerating the Transition to Market

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 February 1997

ISBN: 9781557756190

Keywords: wage, benefits, pension, wages, inflation

The King shall protect trade routes from harassment by courtiers, state officials, thieves and frontier guards and from being damaged by herds of cattle…. Frontier o...