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APPENDIX

APPENDIX »

Source: Tax Policy Handbook

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 April 1995

ISBN: 9781557754905

Keywords: taxation, vat, tax system, tax structure, tax systems

Summary Tax Structure Tables, 1975–92 Asegedech Woldemariam The attached tables contain cross-country statistical information...

9 How to Live Near Vesuvius

9 How to Live Near Vesuvius »

Source: Trade Policy Issues

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756213

Keywords: trade liberalization, free trade, uruguay round, trade diversion, trade reforms

Allow me to narrow the topic of this seminar by focusing on one industrial group—the European Community (EC). The reason is that most of the trade flows from and to Central and East...

Chapter 4. Measuring Pollution Damage from Fuel Use

Chapter 4. Measuring Pollution Damage from Fuel Use »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

This chapter begins with a brief review of the literature on valuing climate change damage from carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The heart of the chapter is about measuring damage fr...

8 Equity Issues in Policymaking in Transition Economies

8 Equity Issues in Policymaking in Transition Economies »

Source: Economic Policy and Equity

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 May 1999

ISBN: 9781557757883

Keywords: income distribution, transition economies, income inequality, distribution of income, wage

Introduction The biggest challenge an economist can face is not answering a difficult theoretical question but introducing reforms and making the day-to-day policy decisions that wil...

3 Domestic Lending in Foreign Currency

3 Domestic Lending in Foreign Currency »

Source: Building Strong Banks Through Surveillance and Resolution

Series: Books

Author(s): Charles Enoch , Dewitt Marston , and Michael Taylor

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 2002

ISBN: 9781589060432

Keywords: banking, loans, restructuring, debt, asset management

The availability of foreign currency loans to domestic borrowers has expanded as a natural result of increased global liquidity and the liberalization of domestic fi...

18 Energy Sector Quasi-Fiscal Activities in the Countries of the Former Soviet Union

18 Energy Sector Quasi-Fiscal Activities in the Countries of the Former Soviet Union »

Source: Fiscal Policy Formulation and Implementation in Oil-Producing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Jeffrey Davis , Annalisa Fedelino , and Rolando Ossowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 August 2003

ISBN: 9781589061750

Keywords: oil prices, fiscal policy, oil revenues, oil and gas, taxation

I. Introduction Adecade into the transition, many of the successor states of the former Soviet Union (FSU) still struggle with adapting their energy sectors to the ma...

CHAPTER 14 Long-Term Fiscal Developments and IMF Conditionality: Is There a Link?

CHAPTER 14 Long-Term Fiscal Developments and IMF Conditionality: Is There a Link? »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs : Recent Staff Research

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Alessandro Rebucci , and Ashoka Mody

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589063617

Keywords: International Monetary Fund, current account, capital flows, private capital, private capital flows, conditionality

Introduction What determines the composition of fiscal adjustment, and does it differ between countries with IMF-supported programs and those without such arrangements? Moreover, how...

3 Defining, Measuring, and Predicting Soundness

3 Defining, Measuring, and Predicting Soundness »

Source: Bank Soundness and Macroeconomic Policy

Series: Books

Author(s): Matthew Saal , Carl-Johan Lindgren , and G. Garcia

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755995

Keywords: banking, loans, banking system, interest, banking sector

Bank soundness is a concept commonly used to denote, for example, an ability to withstand adverse events. Nevertheless, its usage is typically imprecise and gives rise to questions...

17 Domestic Petroleum Price Smoothing in Developing and Transition Countries

17 Domestic Petroleum Price Smoothing in Developing and Transition Countries »

Source: Fiscal Policy Formulation and Implementation in Oil-Producing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Jeffrey Davis , Annalisa Fedelino , and Rolando Ossowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 August 2003

ISBN: 9781589061750

Keywords: oil prices, fiscal policy, oil revenues, oil and gas, taxation

I. Introduction This paper examines the case for smoothing retail petroleum prices in the face of volatile international oil prices in developing countries where petroleum prices are...

CHAPTER 2 IMF Programs and Growth: Is Optimism Defensible?

CHAPTER 2 IMF Programs and Growth: Is Optimism Defensible? »

Source: IMF-Supported Programs : Recent Staff Research

Series: Seminar Volumes

Author(s): Alessandro Rebucci , and Ashoka Mody

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 April 2006

ISBN: 9781589063617

Keywords: International Monetary Fund, current account, capital flows, private capital, private capital flows, conditionality

Introduction IMF-supported programs are often described by those on the left as creating hardships on the population because they are said to be “too tight” (Stiglitz, 2002). Those o...