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9 Central Bank Independence in New Zealand

9 Central Bank Independence in New Zealand »

Source: The Evolving Role of Central Banks

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751850

Keywords: central bank, banking, monetary policy, national bank, inflation

Since the commencement of New Zealand’s new central banking legislation, on February 1, 1990, the Government that created it has been voted out of office, but not because of the leg...

France: 2013 Article IV Consultation

France: 2013 Article IV Consultation »

Source: France : 2013 Article IV Consultation

Volume/Issue: 2013/251

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. European Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 05 August 2013

ISBN: 9781475571868

Keywords: fiscal consolidation, structural fiscal, fiscal adjustment, tax incentives, tax wedge

This 2013 Article IV Consultation highlights that in a context of weakening economic conditions in Europe and sizeable fiscal consolidation and domestic policy uncertainty, the French economy flat lined in 2012. Ho...

The Environment for Development

The Environment for Development »

Source: Finance & Development, June 1992

Volume/Issue: 29/2

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1992

ISBN: 9781451952513

Keywords: debt reduction, bank publications, bank staff, debt crisis, commercial debt

For the latest thinking about the international financial system, monetary policy, economic development, poverty reduction, and other critical issues, subscribe to Finance & Development (F&D). This lively quarterly...

Indirect Taxes on International Aviation

Indirect Taxes on International Aviation »

Source: Indirect Taxes on International Aviation

Volume/Issue: 2006/124

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jon Strand , and Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2006

ISBN: 9781451863840

Keywords: aviation taxes, aviation fuel, fuel tax, airlines, airline, air transport, Air Transportation,

This paper examines the case for internationally coordinated indirect taxes on aviation (as a source of general revenue-not (necessarily) as a source of development finance). The case for such taxes is strong: the...

Comment

Comment »

Source: Banking Soundness and Monetary Policy

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756459

Keywords: loans, interest, banking system, banking sector

New Zealand is a model of economic liberalization. As David Henderson, former head of the OECD’s Economics and Statistics Department recently noted, “… no other OECD country has such a portfolio of liberaliz...

Discussion

Discussion »

Source: Banking Soundness and Monetary Policy

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756459

Keywords: loans, interest, banking system, banking sector

Mr. Škreb asked about the number of banks in New Zealand, noting that this was relevant to the cost of being informed about the health of the banking sector. He also noted that in order to be ef...

16 Banking Soundness and the Role of the Market

16 Banking Soundness and the Role of the Market »

Source: Banking Soundness and Monetary Policy

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756459

Keywords: loans, interest, banking system, banking sector

Banking soundness and the role of the market is a subject of particular relevance to New Zealand, given its adoption of a banking supervision approach that places considerable emphasis on the role of the mar...

25 Central Bank Independence and Central Bank Functions

25 Central Bank Independence and Central Bank Functions »

Source: The Evolving Role of Central Banks

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1991

ISBN: 9781557751850

Keywords: central bank, banking, monetary policy, national bank, inflation

During the 1970s and 1980s, important changes were made in the way a number of countries operated and presented monetary policy. A major reason for such changes appe...

7 VAT Treatment of Immovable Property

7 VAT Treatment of Immovable Property »

Source: Tax Law Design and Drafting, Volume 1

Series: Books

Author(s): Victor Thuronyi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 23 August 1996

ISBN: 9781557755872

Keywords: inflation, vat, social security, taxation, tax administration

I. Introduction The appropriate treatment of housing and housing services, as part of the wider area of immovable property, is probably one of the more complicated and, it seems, int...

Comment

Comment »

Source: Banking Soundness and Monetary Policy

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756459

Keywords: loans, interest, banking system, banking sector

Governor Djiwandono’s presentation demonstrates the very considerable progress that Indonesia has made over the past fifteen years to develop a competitive banking system. Key steps include the abolition of...