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5 Inflation and Monetary Policy Reform

5 Inflation and Monetary Policy Reform »

Source: Australia : Benefiting from Economic Reforms

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757326

Keywords: inflation, unemployment, monetary policy, employment, current account deficit

A key feature of Australia’s economic performance in the 1970s and for most of the 1980s was relatively high inflation. In the 1970s, inflation rose more sharply than in other OECD countries and, in the 1980...

7 Product Market Reform

7 Product Market Reform »

Source: Australia : Benefiting from Economic Reforms

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757326

Keywords: inflation, unemployment, monetary policy, employment, current account deficit

One of the most important reasons for Australia’s relatively poor productivity performance in the 1970s and 1980s discussed in Chapter 2 was the historical lack of openness of the economy, owing to high impo...

6 The Labor Market

6 The Labor Market »

Source: Australia : Benefiting from Economic Reforms

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757326

Keywords: inflation, unemployment, monetary policy, employment, current account deficit

Policymakers are focused on the labor market because of unemployment, which has shown a strong upward trend since the mid-1970s, rising from a rate of about 2 percent to about 8 percent by the end of 1997. T...

3 The Deterioration of the Current Account

3 The Deterioration of the Current Account »

Source: Australia : Benefiting from Economic Reforms

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757326

Keywords: inflation, unemployment, monetary policy, employment, current account deficit

Australia has recorded current account deficits for most of the postwar period. From the 1950s through the 1970s, these deficits were relatively small and reflected a high level of investment associated with...

4 National Saving

4 National Saving »

Source: Australia : Benefiting from Economic Reforms

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 November 1998

ISBN: 9781557757326

Keywords: inflation, unemployment, monetary policy, employment, current account deficit

National saving has declined sharply since the mid-1970s. About three-quarters of this decline can be attributed to the public sector, particularly the Commonwealth government (Table 4.1). Private saving has...

III Antidumping: Solution or Problem in the 1990s?

III Antidumping: Solution or Problem in the 1990s? »

Source: International Trade Policies : Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Background Papers

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Uimonen , Arvind Subramanian , Naheed Kirmani , Nur Calika , Michael Leidy , and Richard Harmsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754578

Keywords: competition, free trade, trade diversion, competition policy, competition policies

Antidumping is by far the most frequently used (GATT-legal) instrument of administered or contingent protection 2 among industrial countries, and its use has been spreading in rec...

VI Regional Trading Arrangements

VI Regional Trading Arrangements »

Source: International Trade Policies : Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Background Papers

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Uimonen , Arvind Subramanian , Naheed Kirmani , Nur Calika , Michael Leidy , and Richard Harmsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754578

Keywords: competition, free trade, trade diversion, competition policy, competition policies

Regional trading arrangements 2 have become increasingly important in the relations among Fund members. This paper reviews recent developments in regional trading arrangements, fa...

I Economic Implications of the Uruguay Round

I Economic Implications of the Uruguay Round »

Source: International Trade Policies : Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Background Papers

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Uimonen , Arvind Subramanian , Naheed Kirmani , Nur Calika , Michael Leidy , and Richard Harmsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754578

Keywords: competition, free trade, trade diversion, competition policy, competition policies

The Final Act of the Uruguay Round was signed in Marrakesh in April 1994, bringing to a conclusion the eighth and most ambitious set of multilateral trade negotiations. One hundred and twenty-five countries...

III Trade Liberalization by ESA Countries During the 1990s

III Trade Liberalization by ESA Countries During the 1990s »

Source: Trade and Trade Policies in Eastern and Southern Africa

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 28 September 2000

ISBN: 9781557759429

Keywords: trade liberalization, monopoly, trade taxes, export taxes, export performance

Unilateral Liberalization in Goods In the early 1990s, reflecting the inward-looking development policies adopted in previous decades, the trade and exchange regimes of most countrie...

Front Matter

Front Matter »

Source: International Trade Policies : Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Background Papers

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Uimonen , Arvind Subramanian , Naheed Kirmani , Nur Calika , Michael Leidy , and Richard Harmsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754578

Keywords: competition, free trade, trade diversion, competition policy, competition policies

This study reviews major issues and developments in trade and their implications for the work of the IMF. Volume I, The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Principal Issues, gives an overview of the issues and developments i...