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From West to East
			: Estimating External Spillovers to Australia and New Zealand

From West to East : Estimating External Spillovers to Australia and New Zealand »

Volume/Issue: 2011/120

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yan Sun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2011

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781455262434.001

ISBN: 9781455262434

Keywords: business cyles, sample period, small sample, statistically significant, interest rates, International Policy Coordination and Transmission,

This paper examines the size and source of external spillovers to Australia and New Zealand based on a structural vector autoregression (VAR) approach. It finds that during the last decade shocks from emerging Asia...

From West to East

From West to East »

Source: From West to East : Estimating External Spillovers to Australia and New Zealand

Volume/Issue: 2011/120

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yan Sun

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2011

ISBN: 9781455262434

Keywords: business cyles, sample period, small sample, statistically significant, interest rates, International Policy Coordination and Transmission,

This paper examines the size and source of external spillovers to Australia and New Zealand based on a structural vector autoregression (VAR) approach. It finds that during the last decade shocks from emerging Asia...

Did Botswana Escape from the Resource Curse?

Did Botswana Escape from the Resource Curse? »

Source: Did Botswana Escape from the Resource Curse?

Volume/Issue: 2006/138

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atsushi Iimi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9781451863987

Keywords: natural resource, natural resource abundance, natural resource management, middle-income countries, Estimation, Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development,

Botswana is typical of the countries that are endowed with abundant natural resources. Although it is commonly accepted that resource-rich economies tend to fail in accelerating growth, Botswana has experienced the...

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment »

Source: Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment : A Review and Synthesis

Volume/Issue: 1993/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenneth M. Miranda , Ian Parry , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451844443

Keywords: subsidy, environmental degradation, environmental policy

Commonly cited environmental instruments in the legal, regulatory, and fiscal domains are intended primarily to address market failures to ensure that environmental degradation and resource use is contained to appr...

What Explains Private Saving in Mexico?1

What Explains Private Saving in Mexico?1 »

Source: What Explains Private Saving in Mexico?

Volume/Issue: 2006/191

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Andrew Swiston , and Ales Bulir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2006

ISBN: 9781451864519

Keywords: private saving, Ricardian equivalence, dependency ratio, pension, domestic saving,

This paper examines the factors influencing Mexico's private saving rate. Cross-country analysis finds that Mexico's private saving is somewhat higher than could be explained by its fundamentals, but lower than in...

Transparency and Ambiguity in Central Bank Safety Net Operations

Transparency and Ambiguity in Central Bank Safety Net Operations »

Source: Transparency and Ambiguity in Central Bank Safety Net Operations

Volume/Issue: 1997/138

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Charles Enoch

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 1997

ISBN: 9781451930115

Keywords: Safety nets, transparency, ambiguity, lender-of-last-resort, banking, deposit insurance, bank failure, banking sector, banking crisis

To mitigate the risks of contagion from problems arising in the banking sector, many countries operate some form of banking sector safety net. Such safety nets generally involve a judicious mixture of transparency...

Taxes and Tradable Permits As Instruments for Controlling Pollution

Taxes and Tradable Permits As Instruments for Controlling Pollution »

Source: Taxes and Tradable Permits As Instruments for Controlling Pollution : Theory and Practice

Volume/Issue: 2000/13

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): John Norregaard , and Valerie Reppelin

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2000

ISBN: 9781451842999

Keywords: Environmental taxes, tradable permits, emission, pollution, emission tax, emission taxes

This paper examines the relative merits of two dominant economic instruments for reducing pollution—”green” taxes and tradable permits. Theoretically, the two instruments share many similaritie...

Why Inflation Targeting?

Why Inflation Targeting? »

Source: Why Inflation Targeting?

Volume/Issue: 2009/86

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Charles Freedman , and Douglas Laxton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872330

Keywords: rate of inflation, central bank

This is the second chapter of a forthcoming monograph entitled "On Implementing Full-Fledged Inflation-Targeting Regimes: Saying What You Do and Doing What You Say." We begin by discussing the costs of inflation, i...

The United States and the New Regionalism/ Bilateralism

The United States and the New Regionalism/ Bilateralism »

Source: The United States and the New Regionalism/ Bilateralism

Volume/Issue: 2003/206

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang , and Alvin Hilaire

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

ISBN: 9781451874624

Keywords: integration, regionalism, global trade analysis, trade diversion, global trade, trade agreement, trade arrangements,

Current U.S. trade policy stresses establishing free trade areas (FTAs) with partners spanning the globe. Motivations include enhancing goods and services trade; stimulating investment flows; extending standards on...

Investment Incentives and Effective Tax Rates in the Philippines

Investment Incentives and Effective Tax Rates in the Philippines »

Source: Investment Incentives and Effective Tax Rates in the Philippines : A Comparison With Neighboring Countries

Volume/Issue: 2008/207

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alexander Klemm , Dennis Botman , and Reza Baqir

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2008

ISBN: 9781451870657

Keywords: Effective tax rates, South-East Asia, Tax holidays, tax rates, tax incentives, tax rate, taxation,

We compare the general tax provisions and investment incentives in the Philippines to six other east-Asian economies-Malaysia, Indonesia, Lao, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Thailand. We calculate effective tax rates and f...