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Energy Subsidies in Latin America and the Caribbean

Energy Subsidies in Latin America and the Caribbean »

Source: Energy Subsidies in Latin America and the Caribbean : Stocktaking and Policy Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2015/30

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gabriel Di Bella , Lawrence Norton , Joseph Ntamatungiro , Sumiko Ogawa , Issouf Samaké , and Marika Santoro

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 February 2015

ISBN: 9781484365366

Keywords: Energy Subsidies, Latin America and the Caribbean, energy, electricity, prices, fuel, oil, General,

The oil price decline creates an opportunity to dismantle energy subsidies, which escalated with high oil prices. This paper assesses energy subsidies in Latin America and the Caribbean-about 1.8 percent of GDP in...

Dealing with Increased Risk of Natural Disasters

Dealing with Increased Risk of Natural Disasters »

Source: Dealing with Increased Risk of Natural Disasters : Challenges and Options

Volume/Issue: 2003/197

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen , Paul Freeman , and Muthukumara Mani

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

ISBN: 9781451860030

Keywords: Natural Disasters, Climate Change, Urbanization, disaster, disasters, hurricane, disaster risk, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: General, Economic Development: General, Natural Disaster,

Natural disaster risk is emerging as an increasingly important constraint on economic development and poverty reduction. This paper first sets out the key stylized facts in the area-that the costs of disaster have...

Yemen

Yemen »

Source: Yemen : Exchange Rate Policy in the Face of Dwindling Oil Exports

Volume/Issue: 2007/5

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Todd Schneider , Nabil Ben Ltaifa , Faisal Ahmed , and Saade Chami

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865691

Keywords: exchange rate, real exchange rate, oil production, effective exchange rate, real effective exchange rate

This paper investigates the likely implications of declining oil production on Yemen's equilibrium exchange rate, and discusses policy options to ensure a smooth transition to a nonoil economy. The empirical result...

Did Botswana Escape from the Resource Curse?

Did Botswana Escape from the Resource Curse? »

Source: Did Botswana Escape from the Resource Curse?

Volume/Issue: 2006/138

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atsushi Iimi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9781451863987

Keywords: natural resource, natural resource abundance, natural resource management, middle-income countries, Estimation, Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development,

Botswana is typical of the countries that are endowed with abundant natural resources. Although it is commonly accepted that resource-rich economies tend to fail in accelerating growth, Botswana has experienced the...

Trends and Future Directions in Tax Policy Reform

Trends and Future Directions in Tax Policy Reform »

Source: Trends and Future Directions in Tax Policy Reform : A Latin American Perspective

Volume/Issue: 1992/43

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Parthasarathi Shome

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 1992

ISBN: 9781451846263

Keywords: tax reform, taxation, corporate income tax, tax structure

Tax reform in Latin America during the 1980s emphasized broad-based, low-rate consumption taxes over steeply progressive income and property taxes, primarily to simplify the tax structure and facilitate tax adminis...

The United States and the New Regionalism/ Bilateralism

The United States and the New Regionalism/ Bilateralism »

Source: The United States and the New Regionalism/ Bilateralism

Volume/Issue: 2003/206

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yongzheng Yang , and Alvin Hilaire

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2003

ISBN: 9781451874624

Keywords: integration, regionalism, global trade analysis, trade diversion, global trade, trade agreement, trade arrangements,

Current U.S. trade policy stresses establishing free trade areas (FTAs) with partners spanning the globe. Motivations include enhancing goods and services trade; stimulating investment flows; extending standards on...

Political Economy of Multi-Level Tax Assignments in Latin American Countries

Political Economy of Multi-Level Tax Assignments in Latin American Countries »

Source: Political Economy of Multi-Level Tax Assignments in Latin American Countries : Earmarked Revenue Versus Tax Autonomy

Volume/Issue: 2008/71

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Giorgio Brosio , and Ehtisham Ahmad

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2008

ISBN: 9781451869330

Keywords: taxation, property tax, tax administration, tax collections

A weakness of decentralization and overall tax reforms in Latin America is the lack of attention to adequate taxation at the subnational government. A reliance on shared taxes with extensive earmarking leads to wea...

Guyana

Guyana »

Source: Guyana : Why Has Growth Stopped? An Empirical Study on the Stagnation of Economic Growth

Volume/Issue: 2007/86

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Judith Gold , Ruben Atoyan , and Cornelia Staritz

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2007

ISBN: 9781451866506

Keywords: institutions, growth rates, growth accounting, private investment, capital formation, Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development, Comparative Studies of Countries,

After a period of exceptionally strong economic performance, Guyana's growth has stagnated since 1998. The paper tries to identify the factors that can explain this dramatic deterioration in economic performance. T...

Technical Assistanceon Tax Policy: A Review

Technical Assistanceon Tax Policy: A Review »

Source: Technical Assistanceon Tax Policy : A Review

Volume/Issue: 1993/65

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 1993

ISBN: 9781451848625

Keywords: tax reform, tax systems, consumption taxes, tax reforms

This paper reviews recent experience of technical assistance on tax policy provided by the Fiscal Affairs Department to a selected but diversified group of countries that differ both in their geographical locations...

Foreign Direct Investment and Structural Reforms

Foreign Direct Investment and Structural Reforms »

Source: Foreign Direct Investment and Structural Reforms : Evidence from Eastern Europe and Latin America

Volume/Issue: 2008/26

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Yuko Kinoshita , and Nauro Campos

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2008

ISBN: 9781451868883

Keywords: fdi, financial sector, direct investment

This paper investigates the role of structural reforms -financial reforms, trade liberalization, and privatization- as determinants of FDI inflows based on newly constructed dataset on structural reforms for 19 Lat...