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24 Nigeria

24 Nigeria »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Nigeria has a complex system of fiscal federalism that has undergone important changes since the country became independent in 1960. Several factors have played a key role in shaping Nigeria’s federal system...

Interview with Keen and Mani: IMF team keeps an eye on linkages between environment and macroeconomic policies

Interview with Keen and Mani: IMF team keeps an eye on linkages between environment and macroeconomic policies »

Source: IMF Survey, Volume 30, Issue 21

Volume/Issue: 30/21

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451926118

Keywords: poverty reduction, international monetary fund, industrial countries, international community

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

This paper identifies policy tools that could be used for fiscal consolidation in advanced and emerging economies in the years ahead. The consolidation strategy, particularly in advanced countries, should aim to st...

3 Tax Assignment

3 Tax Assignment »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

A key issue in the literature on fiscal federalism is the question of how subnational authorities might best be financed. This complex issue has no easy solutions, given the wide variety of systems actually...

CHAPTER 1 Introduction

CHAPTER 1 Introduction »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

This paper seeks to identify policy tools that could be used for fiscal consolidation in advanced and emerging countries in the wake of the global financial crisis. Issues related to the size and timing of f...

Annex I The Uruguay Round: Results and Implications

Annex I The Uruguay Round: Results and Implications »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1994

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557753816

Keywords: interest, debt, unemployment, payments, inflation

The Final Act of the Uruguay Round agreement was signed in April 1994 and will become effective in 1995 after ratification by national legislatures. The Uruguay Round will substantially reduce tariff and non...

II World Economic Situation and Short-Term Prospects

II World Economic Situation and Short-Term Prospects »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1994

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557753816

Keywords: interest, debt, unemployment, payments, inflation

World output is projected to expand by 3 percent in 1994 and by 3¾ percent in 1995 as the global economy continues its gradual recovery (Table 1). The expansions that are now clearly under way in North Ameri...

CHAPTER 2 Expenditure Reform

CHAPTER 2 Expenditure Reform »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

Expenditure Reform: Key Principles Expenditure reforms should be guided by two objectives: Improving the efficien...

IV Why Are Some Developing Countries Failing to Catch Up?

IV Why Are Some Developing Countries Failing to Catch Up? »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1994

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557753816

Keywords: interest, debt, unemployment, payments, inflation

There have been large differences in growth among developing countries over the past decade. Many countries that pursued macroeconomic stability, liberalized trade, and implemented market-based reforms in th...

2 Assigning Expenditure Responsibilities

2 Assigning Expenditure Responsibilities »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Economic theory offers limited guidance for assigning expenditure responsibilities among different levels of government. At the micro level, the benefit principle suggests that a given service should be prov...