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Measuring Energy Security

Measuring Energy Security »

Source: Measuring Energy Security : Trends in the Diversification of Oil and Natural Gas Supplies

Volume/Issue: 2011/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prakash Loungani , Frederick Joutz , and Gail Cohen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455217878

Keywords: Energy Security, Energy Independence, Diversification, OECD Energy Use, gas, natural gas, oil and gas, natural gas supplies, gas supplies, Energy: Demand and Supply

We present evidence on one facet of energy security in OECD economies - the extent of diversification in sources of oil and natural gas supplies. Viewed from the perspective of the energy-importing countries as a w...

6. Direct Investment Capital

6. Direct Investment Capital »

Source: Foreign Direct Investment Statistics : How Countries Measure FDI 2001

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 October 2003

ISBN: 9781589062207

Keywords: direct investment, fdi, investors, international standards, investment income

6.1 Direct investment capital is capital provided by a direct investor, either directly or through other direct investment enterprises related to that...

I. Background

I. Background »

Source: Foreign Direct Investment Statistics : How Countries Measure FDI 2001

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 October 2003

ISBN: 9781589062207

Keywords: direct investment, fdi, investors, international standards, investment income

1.1 This report examines the current practices regarding the statistical measurement of foreign direct investment (FDI) of the 30 Organisation for Economic Co-operat...

3. Data

3. Data »

Source: Foreign Direct Investment Statistics : How Countries Measure FDI 2001

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 October 2003

ISBN: 9781589062207

Keywords: direct investment, fdi, investors, international standards, investment income

Data Availability 3.1 The BPM5 and the Benchmark recommend that FDI statistics be compiled as part of balance of payments statistics (the transactions data) and inter...

8. Special Cases

8. Special Cases »

Source: Foreign Direct Investment Statistics : How Countries Measure FDI 2001

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 October 2003

ISBN: 9781589062207

Keywords: direct investment, fdi, investors, international standards, investment income

8.1 Some types of enterprises or activities warrant special mention. The SIMSDI survey sought information on the treatment of a number of these special cases: namely...

4. Definition of Direct Investment Enterprises and Direct Investors

4. Definition of Direct Investment Enterprises and Direct Investors »

Source: Foreign Direct Investment Statistics : How Countries Measure FDI 2001

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 October 2003

ISBN: 9781589062207

Keywords: direct investment, fdi, investors, international standards, investment income

4.1 The BPM5 and the Benchmark define the concept of foreign direct investment as international investment by an entity resident in one economy in an enterprise resi...

5. Direct Investment Income

5. Direct Investment Income »

Source: Foreign Direct Investment Statistics : How Countries Measure FDI 2001

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 October 2003

ISBN: 9781589062207

Keywords: direct investment, fdi, investors, international standards, investment income

Measurement of Direct Investment Earnings 5.1 The Benchmark and the BPM5 recommend the use of the Current Operating Performance Concept (COPC) to measure direct inves...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Foreign Direct Investment Statistics : How Countries Measure FDI 2001

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 October 2003

ISBN: 9781589062207

Keywords: direct investment, fdi, investors, international standards, investment income

International standards for measuring foreign direct investment (FDI) have become important in today's global economy, where multinational enterprises exercise economic clout and FDI statistics can reflect investor...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Fiscal Dimensions of Sustainable Development

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2002

ISBN: 9781589061590

Keywords: fiscal policy, public spending, expenditure, sustainable development, public expenditure

Fiscal policy affects sustainable development through its effects on growth, the environment, and resource development. What are the relationships between fiscal policy and sustainable development, and how does the...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Dimensiones fiscales del desarrollo sostenible

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 December 2002

Language: Spanish

ISBN: 9781589061613

La política fiscal influye en el desarrollo sostenible a través de sus efectos en el crecimiento, el medio ambiente y el desarrollo de los recursos naturales. ¿Qué relaciones existen entre la política fiscal y el d...