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24 Nigeria

24 Nigeria »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Nigeria has a complex system of fiscal federalism that has undergone important changes since the country became independent in 1960. Several factors have played a key role in shaping Nigeria’s federal system...

Australia

Australia »

Source: Australia : Mutual Evaluation Report: FATF Recommendations for Anti-Money Laundering and Combating the Financing of Terrorism

Volume/Issue: 2006/424

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 November 2006

ISBN: 9781451802153

Keywords: money laundering, law enforcement, terrorist financing, terrorist

The evaluation of the anti-money laundering (AML) and combating the financing of terrorism (CFT) regime of Australia was based on the Forty Recommendations 2003 and the Eight Special Recommendations on Terrorist Fi...

9 State participation in the natural resource sectors

9 State participation in the natural resource sectors »

Source: The Taxation of Petroleum and Minerals : Principles, Problems and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2010

ISBN: 9780415781381

Keywords: taxation, tax administration, gas, fiscal stability, tax system

1 Introduction In one form or another, state participation has featured importantly in the development of petroleum and mining sectors worldwide over the past 40 to 50 years. While e...

6 Natural gas

6 Natural gas »

Source: The Taxation of Petroleum and Minerals : Principles, Problems and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2010

ISBN: 9780415781381

Keywords: taxation, tax administration, gas, fiscal stability, tax system

1 Introduction Sales of natural gas are growing significantly around the world. Who benefits from this production is, in large part, determined by the fiscal terms applicable in the...

3 Tax Assignment

3 Tax Assignment »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

A key issue in the literature on fiscal federalism is the question of how subnational authorities might best be financed. This complex issue has no easy solutions, given the wide variety of systems actually...

7 Evaluating fiscal regimes for resource projects

7 Evaluating fiscal regimes for resource projects »

Source: The Taxation of Petroleum and Minerals : Principles, Problems and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2010

ISBN: 9780415781381

Keywords: taxation, tax administration, gas, fiscal stability, tax system

1 Introduction The unprecedented rises in the internationally traded prices of crude oil and natural gas (petroleum) between 2002 and 2008, and the sudden fall after July of 2008, ha...

3 Principles of resource taxation for low-income countries

3 Principles of resource taxation for low-income countries »

Source: The Taxation of Petroleum and Minerals : Principles, Problems and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2010

ISBN: 9780415781381

Keywords: taxation, tax administration, gas, fiscal stability, tax system

1 Introduction The taxation of extractable natural resources poses complex design problems-and indeed the chapters of this book address many of these in detail. These complexities ar...

2 Assigning Expenditure Responsibilities

2 Assigning Expenditure Responsibilities »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

Economic theory offers limited guidance for assigning expenditure responsibilities among different levels of government. At the micro level, the benefit principle suggests that a given service should be prov...

11 Resource tax administration

11 Resource tax administration »

Source: The Taxation of Petroleum and Minerals : Principles, Problems and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2010

ISBN: 9780415781381

Keywords: taxation, tax administration, gas, fiscal stability, tax system

1 Introduction This chapter analyses the administrative challenges presented by different resource tax instruments. It concludes that all tax bases commonly used for resource taxatio...

14 Contractual assurances of fiscal stability

14 Contractual assurances of fiscal stability »

Source: The Taxation of Petroleum and Minerals : Principles, Problems and Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 April 2010

ISBN: 9780415781381

Keywords: taxation, tax administration, gas, fiscal stability, tax system

Introduction Mining and petroleum agreements governing the exploration and development of natural resources frequently include contractual assurances of stability. These stability cl...