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Entrepreneurs and Entrepreneurship in Africa: A liberal economic climate will help promote small businesses

Entrepreneurs and Entrepreneurship in Africa: A liberal economic climate will help promote small businesses »

Source: Finance & Development, December 1988

Volume/Issue: 25/4

Series: Finance & Development

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 1988

ISBN: 9781616353759

Keywords: adjustment programs, structural adjustment, external shocks, aggregate demand, process of adjustment

This paper describes the effect of IMF-supported adjustment programs on the poor. The paper highlights that IMF-supported adjustment programs have often been misunderstood and have been criticized for seeking exces...

2 Fiscal Policy and Mobilization of Savings for Growth

2 Fiscal Policy and Mobilization of Savings for Growth »

Source: Fiscal Policy, Stabilization, and Growth in Developing Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557750341

Keywords: inflation, trade taxes, fiscal policy, fiscal deficit, tax revenue

Mario I. Blejer and Adrienne Cheasty* I. Introduction The mobilization of domestic financial resources may be analyzed on...

General Discussion

General Discussion »

Source: Africa : Adjustment to the Challenges of Globalization

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 1999

ISBN: 9781557758293

Keywords: banking, expenditure, trade liberalization, civil service, banking system

Trade Reform and Africa’s Image Tomáz Salomão of Mozambique set the tone by asking what Africa needed to do to change its image so that it could tap into the huge poo...

II Commercial Bank Debt Restructuring

II Commercial Bank Debt Restructuring »

Source: Private Market Financing for Developing Countries

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755261

Keywords: debt, interest, bonds, bond, payments

Considerable additional progress was made in 1994 and the first half of 1995 in resolving the commercial bank debt problems of developing countries (see the Statistical Appendix, Tables A2 and A3). Debt- and...

Statistical Appendix

Statistical Appendix »

Source: Private Market Financing for Developing Countries

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755261

Keywords: debt, interest, bonds, bond, payments

Table A1. Chronology of Bank Debt Restructurings and Bank Financial Packages...

III Recent Developments in Private Market Financing

III Recent Developments in Private Market Financing »

Source: Private Market Financing for Developing Countries

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755261

Keywords: debt, interest, bonds, bond, payments

Developing countries experienced a dramatic increase in capital inflows during the 1990s, following a slowdown in economic activity in the industrial countries and a decline in interest rates, particularly i...

Comments

Comments »

Source: Africa : Adjustment to the Challenges of Globalization

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 11 January 1999

ISBN: 9781557758293

Keywords: banking, expenditure, trade liberalization, civil service, banking system

Gray Mgonja There are two underlying issues raised in Luca Barbone’s paper. The first is that given resource constraints, governments have to prioritize public expenditures. The seco...

Chapter 4. Reforming Energy Subsidies: Lessons from Experience

Chapter 4. Reforming Energy Subsidies: Lessons from Experience »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

Overview This chapter provides insights from country case studies to identify ingredients for successful subsidy reform. The country case studies include both successful and unsucces...

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies

Appendix A. Estimating Pretax and Posttax Global Energy Subsidies »

Source: Energy Subsidy Reform : Lessons and Implications

Series: Books

Author(s): Benedict Clements , David Coady , Stefania Fabrizio , Sanjeev Gupta , Trevor Alleyne , and Carlo Sdralevich

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 13 September 2013

ISBN: 9781475558111

Keywords: prices, electricity, pricing, electricity sector, electricity subsidies

This appendix describes the data sources and methodologies used for the estimation of subsidies for petroleum products, coal, natural gas, and electricity. Pretax Subsidies...

Back Matter

Back Matter »

Source: Philippines : Toward Sustainable and Rapid Growth

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Markus Rodlauer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2000

ISBN: 9781557758613

Keywords: banking, central bank, inflation, monetary policy, monetary fund

This Occasional Paper discusses the policies behind the favorable economic performance of the Philippines during the 1990s, when it emerged from a long period of slow growth and economic imbalances and managed to e...