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Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East

Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East »

Source: Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East

Volume/Issue: 2007/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ludvig Söderling , Hanan Morsy , Martin Petri , Martin Hommes , Manal Fouad , and Wojciech Maliszewski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865769

Keywords: oil producers, oil producing countries, oil producing, oil prices

Public debt in the Middle East increased during the mid-1990s mainly because of fiscal expansions. It decreased in recent years, thanks to high oil revenue, economic growth, some primary non-oil fiscal adjustment,...

Revenue Administration Reform in Middle Eastern Countries, 1994-2004

Revenue Administration Reform in Middle Eastern Countries, 1994-2004 »

Source: Revenue Administration Reform in Middle Eastern Countries, 1994-2004

Volume/Issue: 2005/203

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jean-Paul Bodin , and William Joseph Crandall

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2005

ISBN: 9781451862225

Keywords: Revenue, tax, customs, tax administration, tax administration reform, revenue collection,

The paper provides an overview of revenue administration reforms implemented in Middle Eastern and North African countries over the past decade with IMF assistance. Although reforming tax and customs administration...

5 Privatization: Opportunities for Financial Market Development

5 Privatization: Opportunities for Financial Market Development »

Source: Privatization and Structural Adjustment in the Arab Countries : Papers Presented at a Seminar held in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, December 5-7, 1988

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557750426

Keywords: public enterprises, joint ventures, public enterprise, public sector

Introduction “Privatization,” unlike most other popular concepts where there is usually more talk than action, has become a major activity in many countries, with well over $300 bill...

2 The Impact of Macroeconomic Policies on Investment

2 The Impact of Macroeconomic Policies on Investment »

Source: Investment Policies in the Arab Countries : Papers Presented at a Seminar held in Kuwait, December 11-13, 1989

Series: Books

Author(s): Saíd El-Naggar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

ISBN: 9781557751409

Keywords: direct investment, law, investors, investment policies

This paper looks at investment in developing countries, its relationship to growth and development, and the macroeconomic conditions and policies through which investment and growth...

3 Efficiency of Public Investment: Lessons from World Bank Experience

3 Efficiency of Public Investment: Lessons from World Bank Experience »

Source: Investment Policies in the Arab Countries : Papers Presented at a Seminar held in Kuwait, December 11-13, 1989

Series: Books

Author(s): Saíd El-Naggar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

ISBN: 9781557751409

Keywords: direct investment, law, investors, investment policies

The efficiency of public investment is quite a relevant and timely subject in Arab countries, because the public sector invests heavily, and because all resources for development ar...

4 Foreign Direct Investment: The Role of Joint Ventures and Investment Authorities

4 Foreign Direct Investment: The Role of Joint Ventures and Investment Authorities »

Source: Investment Policies in the Arab Countries : Papers Presented at a Seminar held in Kuwait, December 11-13, 1989

Series: Books

Author(s): Saíd El-Naggar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

ISBN: 9781557751409

Keywords: direct investment, law, investors, investment policies

This paper will discuss the policies that require foreign investors to enter into joint ventures with local firms, and the institutions used by host countries to promote, screen, an...

4 Financial Structure and Reforms

4 Financial Structure and Reforms »

Source: Building on Progress : Reform and Growth in the Middle East and North Africa

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 1996

ISBN: 9781557756251

Keywords: trade liberalization, financial sector, uruguay round, banking, oil countries

Strong and dynamic modern financial institutions and systems are important prerequisites for MENA countries to compete in the global economy and achieve full integration into world financial markets. While m...

5 Inter-Arab Labor Movements: Problems and Prospects

5 Inter-Arab Labor Movements: Problems and Prospects »

Source: Economic Development of the Arab Countries : Selected Issues

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1993

ISBN: 9781557753328

Keywords: fdi, balance of payments, foreign investors, natural resources

Introduction This paper deals with inter-Arab labor movements in the light of major developments in the Arab countries in the last two decades. With the quadrupling o...

7 Human Development in the Middle East and North Africa Region

7 Human Development in the Middle East and North Africa Region »

Source: Economic Development of the Arab Countries : Selected Issues

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1993

ISBN: 9781557753328

Keywords: fdi, balance of payments, foreign investors, natural resources

The Cold War has ended. The distortionary environment imposed by the Cold War within and between Middle Eastern and North African (MENA) countries has also ended, providing them with the opportu...

Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East

Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East »

Volume/Issue: 2007/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ludvig Söderling , Hanan Morsy , Martin Petri , Martin Hommes , Manal Fouad , and Wojciech Maliszewski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.5089/9781451865769.001

ISBN: 9781451865769

Keywords: oil producers, oil producing countries, oil producing, oil prices

Public debt in the Middle East increased during the mid-1990s mainly because of fiscal expansions. It decreased in recent years, thanks to high oil revenue, economic growth, some primary non-oil fiscal adjustment,...