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Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment »

Source: Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment : A Review and Synthesis

Volume/Issue: 1993/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenneth M. Miranda , Ian Parry , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451844443

Keywords: subsidy, environmental degradation, environmental policy

Commonly cited environmental instruments in the legal, regulatory, and fiscal domains are intended primarily to address market failures to ensure that environmental degradation and resource use is contained to appr...

Indonesia

Indonesia »

Source: Indonesia : Recent Economic Developments

Volume/Issue: 1995/83

Series: IMF Staff Country Reports

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 September 1995

ISBN: 9781451818185

Keywords: bank indonesia, banking, foreign exchange, domestic demand, balance of payments

This paper reviews economic developments in Indonesia during the 1990s. The adjustment effort during 1991/92-1992/93 was marked by a tightening of monetary policy, and measures were also taken to curb new external...

Financial markets recover: IMF adapts to changing global environment to meet member countries’ needs

Financial markets recover: IMF adapts to changing global environment to meet member countries’ needs »

Source: IMF Survey Supplement 1999

Volume/Issue: 28/0

Series: IMF Survey

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. External Relations Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1999

ISBN: 9781451951059

Keywords: financial system, member countries, financial markets, world economy, macroeconomic policies

The Web edition of the IMF Survey is updated several times a week, and contains a wealth of articles about topical policy and economic issues in the news. Access the latest IMF research, read interviews, and listen...

Trade Integration and Political Turbulence

Trade Integration and Political Turbulence »

Source: Trade Integration and Political Turbulence : Environmental Policy Consequences

Volume/Issue: 2001/150

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Muthukumara Mani , and Per Fredriksson

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 October 2001

ISBN: 9781451856965

Keywords: political instability, lobbying, uncertainty, environmental regulations, environmental policy, trade integration, environmental policies, economic integration, Models of Political Processes: Rent-seeking, Elections

This paper seeks to contribute to the unresolved issue of the effect of economic integration on environmental policy. In particular, we discuss the joint impact of trade openness and political uncertainty. Our theo...

A Primeron Mineral Taxation

A Primeron Mineral Taxation »

Source: A Primeron Mineral Taxation

Volume/Issue: 2001/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Thomas Baunsgaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2001

ISBN: 9781451856040

Keywords: mineral tax, mining and petroleum, mineral extraction, rate of return, tax system, fiscal stability, tax rate,

The paper discusses options available to tax mineral extraction projects particularly in developing countries. A desirable government share of the economic rent generated from mineral extraction can be achieved thr...

International Trade and Poverty Alleviation1

International Trade and Poverty Alleviation1 »

Source: International Trade and Poverty Alleviation

Volume/Issue: 2001/54

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Geoffrey Bannister

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2001

ISBN: 9781451847512

Keywords: trade reform, effects of trade liberalization, trade reforms, Welfare and Poverty: General,

Empirical studies suggest that trade reform has a positive effect on employment and income for the poor; however, there are winners and losers. If the transitional costs of trade liberalization fall disproportionat...

Chapter 30 The Signals Approach to Early Warning of Currency Crisis: Does It Work and Is There a Better Way?

Chapter 30 The Signals Approach to Early Warning of Currency Crisis: Does It Work and Is There a Better Way? »

Source: Asian Financial crises : Origins, implications and solutions

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451965476

Keywords: banking, debt, loans, interest, creditors

1. INTRODUCTION In recent years, a number of researchers have claimed success in systematically predicting which countries are more likely to suffer currency crises. Perhaps the most...

Chapter 25 Improving Transparency in Asian Banking Systems

Chapter 25 Improving Transparency in Asian Banking Systems »

Source: Asian Financial crises : Origins, implications and solutions

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451965476

Keywords: banking, debt, loans, interest, creditors

1. INTRODUCTION There is a perception that credit ratings are driven by financial accounting inputs and that ratings map into well-established ratios or other performance measures. T...

CHAPTER 7 Assessing Corporate Sector Vulnerabilities

CHAPTER 7 Assessing Corporate Sector Vulnerabilities »

Source: Indonesia : Sustaining Growth During Global Volatility

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352028

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, corporate governance, oil and gas, corporate sector

This chapter discusses how the nonfinancial corporate sector in Indonesia was affected by the 2008–09 global financial crisis and recovery. It then uses contingent claims analysis to assess how vulnerable th...

Chapter 19 Removing Financial Bottlenecks to Labor Productivity in Thailand

Chapter 19 Removing Financial Bottlenecks to Labor Productivity in Thailand »

Source: Asian Financial crises : Origins, implications and solutions

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451965476

Keywords: banking, debt, loans, interest, creditors

1. APPROACH 1.1 Background The National Institute of Health (NIH) and the National Science Foundation (NSF) in the U.S. have been funding through the N...