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II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment

II The Setting for Adjustment: Initial Positions and Global Environment »

Source: IMF Conditionality : Experience Under Stand-by and Extended Arrangements, Part I: Key Issues and Findings

Series: Occasional Papers

Author(s): Louis Dicks-Mireaux , Miguel Savastano , Adam Bennett , María Carkovic S. , Mauro Mecagni , James John , and Susan Schadler

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 26 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557754929

Keywords: inflation, terms of trade, capital inflows, exchange rate, real interest rates

Almost without exception, the initial positions of the countries under review were dire. Most were suffering the effects of long-standing institutional and structural weaknesses, fiscal excesses, and deficie...

Article IV Consultations

Article IV Consultations »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1996

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755940

Keywords: inflation, current account, central bank, monetary policy, balance of payments

Under Article IV of the Articles of Agreement, the Fund holds bilateral discussions with members, usually every year. A staff team visits the country, collects economic and financial information, and discuss...

Technical Assistance and Training

Technical Assistance and Training »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1996

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755940

Keywords: inflation, current account, central bank, monetary policy, balance of payments

The Fund offers members a broad range of technical assistance and in count training in areas of macro economic management covering monetary, fiscal, and related statistical, legal, and information-technology...

7 National Oil Companies: Evolution, Issues, Outlook

7 National Oil Companies: Evolution, Issues, Outlook »

Source: Fiscal Policy Formulation and Implementation in Oil-Producing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Jeffrey Davis , Annalisa Fedelino , and Rolando Ossowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 August 2003

ISBN: 9781589061750

Keywords: oil prices, fiscal policy, oil revenues, oil and gas, taxation

I. Introduction Oil is of special importance to developing countries. It accounts for very high percentages of GDP, government revenues, and foreign exchange earnings...

CHAPTER 9 Fiscal Policy in Commodity- Exporting Countries: Stability and Growth

CHAPTER 9 Fiscal Policy in Commodity- Exporting Countries: Stability and Growth »

Source: Beyond the Curse : Policies to Harness the Power of Natural Resources

Series: Books

Author(s): Amadou Sy , Rabah Arezki , and Thorvaldur Gylfason

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616351458

Keywords: natural resource, copper, inflation, commodity prices

INTRODUCTION In the late 1950s, Richard Musgrave made the case for a “three-function framework” which has influenced the way economists approach fiscal policy and its objectives to t...

Main Developments in the World Economy

Main Developments in the World Economy »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1996

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755940

Keywords: inflation, current account, central bank, monetary policy, balance of payments

World economic growth moderated slightly in 1995, to 3½ percent—marginally below its long-term trend rate, but above growth rates during the 1990–93 global slowdown (Chart 1). The minor change in global aver...

17 Domestic Petroleum Price Smoothing in Developing and Transition Countries

17 Domestic Petroleum Price Smoothing in Developing and Transition Countries »

Source: Fiscal Policy Formulation and Implementation in Oil-Producing Countries

Series: Books

Author(s): Jeffrey Davis , Annalisa Fedelino , and Rolando Ossowski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 21 August 2003

ISBN: 9781589061750

Keywords: oil prices, fiscal policy, oil revenues, oil and gas, taxation

I. Introduction This paper examines the case for smoothing retail petroleum prices in the face of volatile international oil prices in developing countries where petroleum prices are...

Fund Support of Member Countries

Fund Support of Member Countries »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1996

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755940

Keywords: inflation, current account, central bank, monetary policy, balance of payments

During 1995/96 the Fund approved commitments under new stand-by arrangements for 19 countries (along with augmentation of access under existing arrangements for 2 other countries), extended arrangements for...

Fund Financial Operations and Policies

Fund Financial Operations and Policies »

Source: International Monetary Fund Annual Report 1996

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 September 1996

ISBN: 9781557755940

Keywords: inflation, current account, central bank, monetary policy, balance of payments

New commitments of Fund resources under stand-by, extended, and SAF/ESAF arrangements rose to a record level of SDR 19.7 billion in 1995/96, mainly reflecting augmentation of access under Mexico’s stand-by a...

Appendice VII. Administrateurs et nombre de voix au 30 avril 1999

Appendice VII. Administrateurs et nombre de voix au 30 avril 1999 »

Source: Rapport Annuel 1999

Series: Annual Report of the Executive Board

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 September 1999

Language: French

ISBN: 9781451950021

Keywords: interest, debt, payments, loans, external debt, debt relief, obligations, balance of payments, liabilities, general resources account

Administrateurs Administrateurs suppléants Votant au nom de Nombre de voix par pays...