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Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East

Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East »

Source: Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East

Volume/Issue: 2007/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ludvig Söderling , Hanan Morsy , Martin Petri , Martin Hommes , Manal Fouad , and Wojciech Maliszewski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865769

Keywords: oil producers, oil producing countries, oil producing, oil prices

Public debt in the Middle East increased during the mid-1990s mainly because of fiscal expansions. It decreased in recent years, thanks to high oil revenue, economic growth, some primary non-oil fiscal adjustment,...

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies? »

Source: How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

Volume/Issue: 2015/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Louis Sears , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 May 2015

ISBN: 9781513532196

Keywords: energy subsidies, efficient taxation, deadweight loss, revenue, subsidies, tax, vehicle, traffic, subsidy, Demand and Supply

This paper provides a comprehensive, updated picture of energy subsidies at the global and regional levels. It focuses on the broad notion of post-tax energy subsidies, which arise when consumer prices are below su...

Emerging Issues in Banking Regulation

Emerging Issues in Banking Regulation »

Source: Emerging Issues in Banking Regulation

Volume/Issue: 2003/101

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Sunil Sharma , Ralph Chami , and Mohsin Khan

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 May 2003

ISBN: 9781451852530

Keywords: regulation, Basel standards, deposit insurance, bank capital, financial intermediaries, financial institutions, Financial Institutions and Services: Government Policy and Regulation, Financial Institutions and Services,

The paper provides an overview of the profound and rapid changes in banking brought about by technology and deregulation, and discusses the hurdles that will have to be negotiated for putting in place the three pil...

Taxation and Development: Again

Taxation and Development: Again »

Source: Taxation and Development : Again

Volume/Issue: 2012/220

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Michael Keen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 September 2012

ISBN: 9781475510294

Keywords: Taxation and development, state building, large taxpayer office, informality, taxation, tax design, tax system, tax reform, tax policy, Structure and Scope of Government: General

Issues of taxation and development, which have long been a central concern of the IMF, have attracted wider and renewed interest in the last few years. This paper reflects on three broad lessons of experience: that...

Bond Restructuring and Moral Hazard

Bond Restructuring and Moral Hazard »

Source: Bond Restructuring and Moral Hazard : Are Collective Action Clauses Costly?

Volume/Issue: 2001/92

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Torbjorn Becker , Anthony Richards , and Yunyong Thaicharoen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2001

ISBN: 9781451851595

Keywords: Bond restructuring, contract design, law, bonds, bond, bondholders, International Lending and Debt Problems,

Many official groups have endorsed the wider use by emerging market borrowers of contract clauses which allow for a qualified majority of bondholders to restructure repayment terms in the event of financial distres...

Summary of WP/92/97

Summary of WP/92/97 »

Source: Working Paper Summaries (WP/92/49 - WP/92/112)

Volume/Issue: 1993/4

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 1993

ISBN: 9781451841961

Keywords: environmental externalities, paper, environmental effects, environment

The IMF Working Papers series is designed to make IMF staff research available to a wide audience. Almost 300 Working Papers are released each year, covering a wide range of theoretical and analytical topics, inclu...

Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region

Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region »

Source: Risk Instability and the Pattern of Foreign Direct Investment in the Middle East and North Africa Region

Volume/Issue: 2004/139

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2004

ISBN: 9781451856071

Keywords: Multinational firms, MENA countries, fdi, investment risk, direct investment

This paper demonstrates that instability associated with investment risk is critical in explaining the level of foreign direct investment for the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries, which generally have...

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment

Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment »

Source: Public Expenditure Policy and the Environment : A Review and Synthesis

Volume/Issue: 1993/27

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Kenneth M. Miranda , Ian Parry , and Sanjeev Gupta

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 1993

ISBN: 9781451844443

Keywords: subsidy, environmental degradation, environmental policy

Commonly cited environmental instruments in the legal, regulatory, and fiscal domains are intended primarily to address market failures to ensure that environmental degradation and resource use is contained to appr...

Fiscal Adjustment in Sudan Size, Speed, and Composition

Fiscal Adjustment in Sudan Size, Speed, and Composition »

Source: Fiscal Adjustment in Sudan Size, Speed, and Composition

Volume/Issue: 2010/79

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): S. M. Ali Abbas , Kenji Moriyama , and Abdul Naseer

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982220

Keywords: intertemporal budget constraint, oil revenue, tax rates, fiscal adjustment, oil producing,

The paper aims to identify the optimal size, speed and composition of the medium-term fiscal adjustment in the context of Sudan's limited oil reserves. The permanently sustainable non-oil primary balance approach s...

Did Botswana Escape from the Resource Curse?

Did Botswana Escape from the Resource Curse? »

Source: Did Botswana Escape from the Resource Curse?

Volume/Issue: 2006/138

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Atsushi Iimi

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 June 2006

ISBN: 9781451863987

Keywords: natural resource, natural resource abundance, natural resource management, middle-income countries, Estimation, Exhaustible Resources and Economic Development,

Botswana is typical of the countries that are endowed with abundant natural resources. Although it is commonly accepted that resource-rich economies tend to fail in accelerating growth, Botswana has experienced the...