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Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East

Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East »

Source: Public Debt and Fiscal Vulnerability in the Middle East

Volume/Issue: 2007/12

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ludvig Söderling , Hanan Morsy , Martin Petri , Martin Hommes , Manal Fouad , and Wojciech Maliszewski

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 January 2007

ISBN: 9781451865769

Keywords: oil producers, oil producing countries, oil producing, oil prices

Public debt in the Middle East increased during the mid-1990s mainly because of fiscal expansions. It decreased in recent years, thanks to high oil revenue, economic growth, some primary non-oil fiscal adjustment,...

4 The Fiscal Impact of Privatization, with Some Examples from Arab Countries

4 The Fiscal Impact of Privatization, with Some Examples from Arab Countries »

Source: Privatization and Structural Adjustment in the Arab Countries : Papers Presented at a Seminar held in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, December 5-7, 1988

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557750426

Keywords: public enterprises, joint ventures, public enterprise, public sector

Introduction One major factor leading governments to consider a privatization program is the belief that it may be of benefit to the government’s finances. The fiscal impact of priva...

7 Privatization and the Regional Public Joint Ventures in the Gulf Cooperation Council Region

7 Privatization and the Regional Public Joint Ventures in the Gulf Cooperation Council Region »

Source: Privatization and Structural Adjustment in the Arab Countries : Papers Presented at a Seminar held in Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirates, December 5-7, 1988

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 June 1989

ISBN: 9781557750426

Keywords: public enterprises, joint ventures, public enterprise, public sector

Since its inception in 1981, the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) has repeatedly emphasized the importance of regional joint ventures as an effective approach to foster cooperation and integration of the six m...

2 The Impact of Macroeconomic Policies on Investment

2 The Impact of Macroeconomic Policies on Investment »

Source: Investment Policies in the Arab Countries : Papers Presented at a Seminar held in Kuwait, December 11-13, 1989

Series: Books

Author(s): Saíd El-Naggar

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 March 1990

ISBN: 9781557751409

Keywords: direct investment, law, investors, investment policies

This paper looks at investment in developing countries, its relationship to growth and development, and the macroeconomic conditions and policies through which investment and growth...

1 Reform and Growth

1 Reform and Growth »

Source: Building on Progress : Reform and Growth in the Middle East and North Africa

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 1996

ISBN: 9781557756251

Keywords: trade liberalization, financial sector, uruguay round, banking, oil countries

Unprecedented opportunities have opened up for the countries of the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region to transform their economies through accelerated economic growth. The opportunities are many and...

4 Trade Policies in Industrial Countries and Their Impact on Arab Countries

4 Trade Policies in Industrial Countries and Their Impact on Arab Countries »

Source: Foreign and Intratrade Policies of Arab Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 December 1992

ISBN: 9781557753052

Keywords: trade liberalization, exporters, tariff structure, nontariff barriers, foreign trade

Margaret R. Kelly and Bernhard Fritz-Krockow I. Introduction The trade and trade-related policies of industrial countries mainly aff...

4 Arab Capital Flows: Recent Trends and Policy Implications

4 Arab Capital Flows: Recent Trends and Policy Implications »

Source: Economic Development of the Arab Countries : Selected Issues

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1993

ISBN: 9781557753328

Keywords: fdi, balance of payments, foreign investors, natural resources

International financial intermediation since the mid-eighties has made an enormous leap in apparent efficiency going hand in hand with the unprecedented explosion of cross-border capital flows,...

2. Economic Reform in the Arab Countries: A Review of Structural Issues

2. Economic Reform in the Arab Countries: A Review of Structural Issues »

Source: Economic Development of the Arab Countries : Selected Issues

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1993

ISBN: 9781557753328

Keywords: fdi, balance of payments, foreign investors, natural resources

Despite adverse exogenous factors, Arab countries have achieved important economic gains in recent years. Nevertheless, many of them remain subject to internal and external constraints that prev...

5 Inter-Arab Labor Movements: Problems and Prospects

5 Inter-Arab Labor Movements: Problems and Prospects »

Source: Economic Development of the Arab Countries : Selected Issues

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 May 1993

ISBN: 9781557753328

Keywords: fdi, balance of payments, foreign investors, natural resources

Introduction This paper deals with inter-Arab labor movements in the light of major developments in the Arab countries in the last two decades. With the quadrupling o...

3 Fiscal Structure and Reform

3 Fiscal Structure and Reform »

Source: Building on Progress : Reform and Growth in the Middle East and North Africa

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 04 November 1996

ISBN: 9781557756251

Keywords: trade liberalization, financial sector, uruguay round, banking, oil countries

Governments in the countries of the MENA region have traditionally played a dominant role in their economies, especially in terms of the resources that they command, their contribution to output, and their i...