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II Trade Policy Developments, 1990–93

II Trade Policy Developments, 1990–93 »

Source: International Trade Policies : The Uruguay Round and Beyond, Volume I. Principal Issues

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): Arvind Subramanian , Richard Harmsen , Peter Uimonen , Naheed Kirmani , and Michael Leidy

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754691

Keywords: trade liberalization, uruguay round, international trade, exchange rate, trade restrictions

During 1990–93, the growth of trade (as measured by trade volumes) outstripped the increase in real GDP, in line with the trend toward increased integration of the world economy over most of the past three d...

9 How to Live Near Vesuvius

9 How to Live Near Vesuvius »

Source: Trade Policy Issues

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756213

Keywords: trade liberalization, free trade, uruguay round, trade diversion, trade reforms

Allow me to narrow the topic of this seminar by focusing on one industrial group—the European Community (EC). The reason is that most of the trade flows from and to Central and East...

11 Impact of the Uruguay Round

11 Impact of the Uruguay Round »

Source: Trade Policy Issues

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 15 April 1997

ISBN: 9781557756213

Keywords: trade liberalization, free trade, uruguay round, trade diversion, trade reforms

I would like to preface my remarks by saying that I am here in a personal capacity, and not as a representative of the WTO. The topic this morning is the impact of the U...

7 Trade in Services, the GATS, and the Arab Countries

7 Trade in Services, the GATS, and the Arab Countries »

Source: The Uruguay Round and the Arab Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557754974

Keywords: trade in services, international trade, market access, national treatment, round agreement

In September 1986, governments embarked on the longest and most ambitious multilateral trade negotiations held under the auspices of the GATT. They concluded the neg...

2 Results of the Uruguay Round

2 Results of the Uruguay Round »

Source: The Uruguay Round and the Arab Countries

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 June 1996

ISBN: 9781557754974

Keywords: trade in services, international trade, market access, national treatment, round agreement

This chapter describes the principal results of the GATT’s eighth round of negotiations, launched in Punta del Este, Uruguay, in September 1986, and concluded in Mar...

V Trade and the Environment

V Trade and the Environment »

Source: International Trade Policies : Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Background Papers

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Uimonen , Arvind Subramanian , Naheed Kirmani , Nur Calika , Michael Leidy , and Richard Harmsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754578

Keywords: competition, free trade, trade diversion, competition policy, competition policies

Concern about the environment has grown markedly in the recent past. At the Earth Summit in 1992, governments collectively espoused the concept of “sustainable development”—meeting present needs without comp...

I Economic Implications of the Uruguay Round

I Economic Implications of the Uruguay Round »

Source: International Trade Policies : Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Background Papers

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Uimonen , Arvind Subramanian , Naheed Kirmani , Nur Calika , Michael Leidy , and Richard Harmsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754578

Keywords: competition, free trade, trade diversion, competition policy, competition policies

The Final Act of the Uruguay Round was signed in Marrakesh in April 1994, bringing to a conclusion the eighth and most ambitious set of multilateral trade negotiations. One hundred and twenty-five countries...

Article III

Article III »

Source: Selected Decisions and Selected Documents of the International Monetary Fund, Thirty-Sixth Issue : Thirty-Sixth Issue

Series: Selected Decisions

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 July 2012

ISBN: 9781616353889

Keywords: payments, debt, obligations, external debt, balance of payments

Quotas and Subscriptions Adjustment of Quotas The first interval of five years, at the end of which the Fund shall review the quotas of the members in...

II Trade Reforms in Fund-Supported Programs

II Trade Reforms in Fund-Supported Programs »

Source: International Trade Policies : Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Background Papers

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Uimonen , Arvind Subramanian , Naheed Kirmani , Nur Calika , Michael Leidy , and Richard Harmsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754578

Keywords: competition, free trade, trade diversion, competition policy, competition policies

Trade reforms are being increasingly featured in the design of adjustment programs supported by Fund resources. This paper reviews the trade policy content of Fund-supported programs approved in the period 1...

VI Regional Trading Arrangements

VI Regional Trading Arrangements »

Source: International Trade Policies : Volume II The Uruguay Round and Beyond: Background Papers

Series: World Economic and Financial Surveys

Author(s): Peter Uimonen , Arvind Subramanian , Naheed Kirmani , Nur Calika , Michael Leidy , and Richard Harmsen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557754578

Keywords: competition, free trade, trade diversion, competition policy, competition policies

Regional trading arrangements 2 have become increasingly important in the relations among Fund members. This paper reviews recent developments in regional trading arrangements, fa...