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28 Russian Federation

28 Russian Federation »

Source: Fiscal Federalism in Theory and Practice

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 10 September 1997

ISBN: 9781557756633

Keywords: tax administration, taxation, intergovernmental fiscal relations, tax revenue, local governments

The Russian Federation has a system of fiscal federalism that has been undergoing rapid and substantial changes since it became a sovereign country at the end of 1991. Centrifugal forces have played an impor...

13 Issues in Natural Resource Taxation

13 Issues in Natural Resource Taxation »

Source: Reforming China's Public Finances

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 September 1995

ISBN: 9781557755117

Keywords: expenditure, expenditures, taxation, budget law, tax system

Resource taxation plays a small role in China compared with other forms of taxation. In 1991, it constituted 0.6 percent of total tax revenues. Introduced at the tim...

International Reserves and Liquidity

International Reserves and Liquidity »

Source: IMF History Volume 3 (1945-1965) : Twenty Years of International Monetary Cooperation Volume III: Documents

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 February 1996

ISBN: 9781451972511

Keywords: gold, member country, balance of payments, foreign exchange, international trade

In May 1957 South Africa requested that the staff should undertake a study of “the factors affecting the present state of international liquidity, including the world supply of monetary gold.” R...

Chapter 20 What’s Wrong With The IMF? What Would Be Better?

Chapter 20 What’s Wrong With The IMF? What Would Be Better? »

Source: Asian Financial crises : Origins, implications and solutions

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 16 January 2001

ISBN: 9781451965476

Keywords: banking, debt, loans, interest, creditors

The International Monetary fund (IMF) and the World Bank were created in 1944 reflecting the experience of the 1920s and 1930s. The fund’s tasks were to adjust current account imbalances and manage the excha...

Chapter 8. The Spillover Effects of a Downturn in China’s Real Estate Investment

Chapter 8. The Spillover Effects of a Downturn in China’s Real Estate Investment »

Source: China's Economy in Transition : From External to Internal Rebalancing

Series: Books

Author(s): Anoop Singh , Malhar Nabar , and Papa N'Diaye

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 November 2013

ISBN: 9781484303931

Keywords: current account, real interest rate, financial reform, real estate, current account surplus

This chapter assesses the impact of a downturn in China’s real estate investment on economic activity in China and among its trading partners. The analysis finds that a 1 percent decline in Chin...

Chapter 10. How Pro-Poor and Inclusive Is China’s Growth? A Cross-Country Perspective

Chapter 10. How Pro-Poor and Inclusive Is China’s Growth? A Cross-Country Perspective »

Source: China's Economy in Transition : From External to Internal Rebalancing

Series: Books

Author(s): Anoop Singh , Malhar Nabar , and Papa N'Diaye

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 November 2013

ISBN: 9781484303931

Keywords: current account, real interest rate, financial reform, real estate, current account surplus

Poverty in China has fallen dramatically over the last 35 years of reform and opening up. However, inequality has increased since the early 1990s, dampening the impact of China’s growth on pover...

Chapter 7. Investment-Led Growth in China: Global Spillovers

Chapter 7. Investment-Led Growth in China: Global Spillovers »

Source: China's Economy in Transition : From External to Internal Rebalancing

Series: Books

Author(s): Anoop Singh , Malhar Nabar , and Papa N'Diaye

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 07 November 2013

ISBN: 9781484303931

Keywords: current account, real interest rate, financial reform, real estate, current account surplus

China’s growth model became increasingly dependent on investment during the first decade of the 2000s, and its footprint in global imports widened substantially. Several economies in China’s sup...

APPENDIX

APPENDIX »

Source: Tax Policy Handbook

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 25 April 1995

ISBN: 9781557754905

Keywords: taxation, vat, tax system, tax structure, tax systems

Summary Tax Structure Tables, 1975–92 Asegedech Woldemariam The attached tables contain cross-country statistical information...

Chapter 5. Measuring Nonpollution Externalities from Motor Vehicles

Chapter 5. Measuring Nonpollution Externalities from Motor Vehicles »

Source: Getting Energy Prices Right : From Principle to Practice

Series: Books

Author(s): Ian Parry , Dirk Heine , Eliza Lis , and Shanjun Li

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 22 July 2014

ISBN: 9781484388570

Keywords: air pollution, fuel efficiency, natural gas, carbon dioxide, coal

This chapter consists of three sections focused on the three major, non-pollution-related externalities from motor vehicles: traffic congestion, traffic accidents, and (to a much le...

CHAPTER 3 Maintaining Fiscal Sustainability Under Uncertainty

CHAPTER 3 Maintaining Fiscal Sustainability Under Uncertainty »

Source: Indonesia : Sustaining Growth During Global Volatility

Series: Books

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 19 January 2012

ISBN: 9781616352028

Keywords: inflation, monetary policy, corporate governance, oil and gas, corporate sector

Indonesia’s public debt outlook is stronger than in many advanced and emerging economies. Nevertheless, Indonesia, like other emerging economies with relatively low debt levels, is still exposed to shocks. T...