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Reforming Government Subsidies in the New Member States of the European Union

Reforming Government Subsidies in the New Member States of the European Union »

Source: Reforming Government Subsidies in the New Member States of the European Union

Volume/Issue: 2008/165

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Alex Segura-Ubiergo , Taline Koranchelian , and Carlos Mulas-Granados

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 July 2008

ISBN: 9781451870237

Keywords: new member states, subsidy reform, state aid to enterprises, energy subsidies, and transportation subsidies, subsidies, subsidy, energy subsidy,

Subsidy reform has been a key component of the pre-accession reform agenda of the 10 new member states that joined the EU in 2004 (EU-10). During the pre-accession period, these countries had to undertake a number...

Exports in a Tariff-Free Environment

Exports in a Tariff-Free Environment »

Source: Exports in a Tariff-Free Environment : What Structural Reforms Matter? Evidence from the European Union Single Market

Volume/Issue: 2015/187

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Jesmin Rahman , Ara Stepanyan , Jessie Yang , and Li Zeng

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 03 August 2015

ISBN: 9781513552170

Keywords: Export integration, structural reform, supply chain, new member states, environment, trade, incentives, Country and Industry Studies of Trade,

How do countries enhance their exports of goods in a largely tariff-free environment? Our investigation of export performance of new member states in the European Union single market, which provides a natural contr...

Corporate and Household Debt Distress in Latvia

Corporate and Household Debt Distress in Latvia »

Source: Corporate and Household Debt Distress in Latvia : Strengthening the Incentives for Market-Based Approach to Debt Resolution

Volume/Issue: 2011/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Magnus Saxegaard , Michaela Erbenova , and Yan Liu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2011

ISBN: 9781455226030

Keywords: insolvency law, debt, restructuring, insolvency, loans, Other Substantive Areas of Law: General,

This paper reviews Latvia's efforts to manage the increase in debt distress resulting from the unwinding of the 2000-07 credit boom and spillovers from the global financial crisis. The authorities have designed a s...

Measuring Energy Security

Measuring Energy Security »

Source: Measuring Energy Security : Trends in the Diversification of Oil and Natural Gas Supplies

Volume/Issue: 2011/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prakash Loungani , Frederick Joutz , and Gail Cohen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455217878

Keywords: Energy Security, Energy Independence, Diversification, OECD Energy Use, gas, natural gas, oil and gas, natural gas supplies, gas supplies, Energy: Demand and Supply

We present evidence on one facet of energy security in OECD economies - the extent of diversification in sources of oil and natural gas supplies. Viewed from the perspective of the energy-importing countries as a w...

I. Background

I. Background »

Source: Foreign Direct Investment Statistics : How Countries Measure FDI 2001

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 October 2003

ISBN: 9781589062207

Keywords: direct investment, fdi, investors, international standards, investment income

1.1 This report examines the current practices regarding the statistical measurement of foreign direct investment (FDI) of the 30 Organisation for Economic Co-operat...

7. Valuation of Assets and Liabilities in FDI Position Data

7. Valuation of Assets and Liabilities in FDI Position Data »

Source: Foreign Direct Investment Statistics : How Countries Measure FDI 2001

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 October 2003

ISBN: 9781589062207

Keywords: direct investment, fdi, investors, international standards, investment income

7.1 In principle, all external financial assets and liabilities should be valued at the market prices prevailing on the date they are recorded in the FDI statistics....

6. Direct Investment Capital

6. Direct Investment Capital »

Source: Foreign Direct Investment Statistics : How Countries Measure FDI 2001

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 October 2003

ISBN: 9781589062207

Keywords: direct investment, fdi, investors, international standards, investment income

6.1 Direct investment capital is capital provided by a direct investor, either directly or through other direct investment enterprises related to that...

Fiscal Policy and Growth

Fiscal Policy and Growth »

Source: Fiscal Dimensions of Sustainable Development

Series: Pamphlet Series

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 12 August 2002

ISBN: 9781589061590

Keywords: fiscal policy, public spending, expenditure, sustainable development, public expenditure

Economic Growth, Sustainable Development, and the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) Economic growth is essential for sustainable development and improving social outcomes....

8. Special Cases

8. Special Cases »

Source: Foreign Direct Investment Statistics : How Countries Measure FDI 2001

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 October 2003

ISBN: 9781589062207

Keywords: direct investment, fdi, investors, international standards, investment income

8.1 Some types of enterprises or activities warrant special mention. The SIMSDI survey sought information on the treatment of a number of these special cases: namely...

3. Data

3. Data »

Source: Foreign Direct Investment Statistics : How Countries Measure FDI 2001

Series: Books

Author(s): International Monetary Fund

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 29 October 2003

ISBN: 9781589062207

Keywords: direct investment, fdi, investors, international standards, investment income

Data Availability 3.1 The BPM5 and the Benchmark recommend that FDI statistics be compiled as part of balance of payments statistics (the transactions data) and inter...