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Why Inflation Targeting?

Why Inflation Targeting? »

Source: Why Inflation Targeting?

Volume/Issue: 2009/86

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Charles Freedman , and Douglas Laxton

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2009

ISBN: 9781451872330

Keywords: rate of inflation, central bank

This is the second chapter of a forthcoming monograph entitled "On Implementing Full-Fledged Inflation-Targeting Regimes: Saying What You Do and Doing What You Say." We begin by discussing the costs of inflation, i...

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

This paper identifies policy tools that could be used for fiscal consolidation in advanced and emerging economies in the years ahead. The consolidation strategy, particularly in advanced countries, should aim to st...

Corporate and Household Debt Distress in Latvia

Corporate and Household Debt Distress in Latvia »

Source: Corporate and Household Debt Distress in Latvia : Strengthening the Incentives for Market-Based Approach to Debt Resolution

Volume/Issue: 2011/85

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Magnus Saxegaard , Michaela Erbenova , and Yan Liu

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 April 2011

ISBN: 9781455226030

Keywords: insolvency law, debt, restructuring, insolvency, loans, Other Substantive Areas of Law: General,

This paper reviews Latvia's efforts to manage the increase in debt distress resulting from the unwinding of the 2000-07 credit boom and spillovers from the global financial crisis. The authorities have designed a s...

Tax Policy

Tax Policy »

Source: Tax Policy : Recent Trends and Coming Challenges

Volume/Issue: 2007/274

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Tehmina S. Khan , and John Norregaard

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2007

ISBN: 9781451868371

Keywords: Tax reform, personal income tax, corporate income tax, value-added tax, tax wedge, green taxes, taxation, tax revenues, tax rates, tax systems,

This paper provides an overview of the key economic factors that shape tax policy reform in many high-income countries, developing countries, and/or transition economies. The paper describes and evaluates global an...

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies? »

Source: How Large Are Global Energy Subsidies?

Volume/Issue: 2015/105

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): David Coady , Ian Parry , Louis Sears , and Baoping Shang

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 18 May 2015

ISBN: 9781513532196

Keywords: energy subsidies, efficient taxation, deadweight loss, revenue, subsidies, tax, vehicle, traffic, subsidy, Demand and Supply

This paper provides a comprehensive, updated picture of energy subsidies at the global and regional levels. It focuses on the broad notion of post-tax energy subsidies, which arise when consumer prices are below su...

Spillovers of Domestic Shocks

Spillovers of Domestic Shocks »

Source: Spillovers of Domestic Shocks : Will They Counteract the 'Great Moderation'?

Volume/Issue: 2010/78

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Ashoka Mody , and Alina Carare

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 March 2010

ISBN: 9781451982213

Keywords: Output growth volatility, vertical specialization, output growth, domestic shocks, global trade,

Even prior to the extreme volatility just observed, output growth volatility-following protracted decline-was flattening or mildly rising in some countries. More widespread was an increasing tendency from the mid-1...

What Causes Firms to Hide Output? the Determinants of Informality

What Causes Firms to Hide Output? the Determinants of Informality »

Source: What Causes Firms to Hide Output? the Determinants of Informality

Volume/Issue: 2005/160

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Gabriela Inchauste , Mark Gradstein , and Era Dabla-Norris

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 August 2005

ISBN: 9781451861792

Keywords: determinants, institutions, survey, business environment, regulatory burden, probability, firm size, Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents: Firm, Education: Other, institution,

In many developing countries, a significant part of economic activity takes place in the informal sector. Earlier work has examined the determinants of the size of the informal sector, focusing separately on factor...

Who's Going Green and Why? Trends and Determinants of Green Investment

Who's Going Green and Why? Trends and Determinants of Green Investment »

Source: Who's Going Green and Why? Trends and Determinants of Green Investment

Volume/Issue: 2011/296

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Luc Eyraud , Changchang Zhang , Abdoul Wane , and Benedict Clements

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 December 2011

ISBN: 9781463927301

Keywords: crude oil, fossil fuel, renewable energy, carbon emissions, fossil fuels, Recreational Aspects of Natural Resources, Energy: General, Alternative Energy Sources, Renewable Resources And Conservation,

This paper fills a gap in the macroeconomic literature on renewable sources of energy. It offers a definition of green investment and analyzes the trends and determinants of this investment over the last decade for...

Measuring Energy Security

Measuring Energy Security »

Source: Measuring Energy Security : Trends in the Diversification of Oil and Natural Gas Supplies

Volume/Issue: 2011/39

Series: IMF Working Papers

Author(s): Prakash Loungani , Frederick Joutz , and Gail Cohen

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 01 February 2011

ISBN: 9781455217878

Keywords: Energy Security, Energy Independence, Diversification, OECD Energy Use, gas, natural gas, oil and gas, natural gas supplies, gas supplies, Energy: Demand and Supply

We present evidence on one facet of energy security in OECD economies - the extent of diversification in sources of oil and natural gas supplies. Viewed from the perspective of the energy-importing countries as a w...

Appendix 2. Assessing Potential Revenue: Two Approaches

Appendix 2. Assessing Potential Revenue: Two Approaches »

Source: Fiscal Monitor, October 2013 : Taxing Times

Series: Fiscal Monitor

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Fiscal Affairs Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 09 October 2013

ISBN: 9781484357583

Keywords: taxation, tax reform, fiscal projections, public debt, tax systems

The main text reports on two rather different ways of assessing revenue potential, giving complementary perspectives on the scope to raise more. Peer analysis Peer analysis,...