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From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

From Stimulus to Consolidation: Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

This paper identifies policy tools that could be used for fiscal consolidation in advanced and emerging economies in the years ahead. The consolidation strategy, particularly in advanced countries, should aim to st...

CHAPTER I. ECONOMIC PROSPECTS AND POLICY ISSUES

CHAPTER I. ECONOMIC PROSPECTS AND POLICY ISSUES »

Source: World Economic Outlook, September 2004 : The Global Demographic Transition

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589064065

Keywords: debt, interest, exchange rate, oil prices, payments

Over the past year, the global recovery has become increasingly well established, with global GDP growth now projected to average 5 percent in 2004, the highest for nearly three decades (Figure...

Statistical Appendix

Statistical Appendix »

Source: World Economic Outlook, September 2004 : The Global Demographic Transition

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589064065

Keywords: debt, interest, exchange rate, oil prices, payments

The statistical appendix presents historical data, as well as projections. It comprises five sections: Assumptions, What’s New, Data and Conventions, Classification of Countries, an...

Chapter III. HOW WILL DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE AFFECT THE GLOBAL ECONOMY?

Chapter III. HOW WILL DEMOGRAPHIC CHANGE AFFECT THE GLOBAL ECONOMY? »

Source: World Economic Outlook, September 2004 : The Global Demographic Transition

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 20 April 2004

ISBN: 9781589064065

Keywords: debt, interest, exchange rate, oil prices, payments

It seems possible that a society in which the proportion of young people is diminishing will become dangerously unprogressive, falling behind other communities not o...

V Stabilization, Reform, and the Role of External Financing in the Countries in Transition

V Stabilization, Reform, and the Role of External Financing in the Countries in Transition »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1994

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557753816

Keywords: interest, debt, unemployment, payments, inflation

Output has stabilized or begun to increase in those countries in transition that have made the most progress in macroeconomic stabilization. In many other countries, however, inflation and budget deficits re...

IV Disinflation, Growth, and Foreign Direct Investment in Transition Countries

IV Disinflation, Growth, and Foreign Direct Investment in Transition Countries »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1995 : Global Saving

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 30 May 1995

ISBN: 9781557754684

Keywords: debt, interest, capital inflows, payments, capital flows

Virtually all countries in transition have now embarked on serious stabilization and reform efforts. Early and bold reformers, such as Albania, the Baltic countries, the Czech Republic, Mongolia...

V Stabilization, Transformation, and Fiscal Adjustment in Transition Economies

V Stabilization, Transformation, and Fiscal Adjustment in Transition Economies »

Source: World Economic Outlook, October 1994

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 14 October 1994

ISBN: 9781557753854

Keywords: capital inflows, inflation, commodity prices, monetary policy, capital flows

Most of the transition economies started moving decisively toward a market system three to five years ago. Since then, performance has varied across countries, depending on initial conditions and economic po...

V Progress with Fiscal Reform in Countries in Transition

V Progress with Fiscal Reform in Countries in Transition »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1998 : Financial Crises: Causes and Indicators

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 May 1998

ISBN: 9781557757401

Keywords: debt, interest, exchange rates, current account, debtor countries

This chapter focuses on the role of fiscal policy in macroeconomic adjustments in the transition countries. Attaining reasonable balance in fiscal positions has played a crucial role in the initial achieveme...

CHAPTER 2 Expenditure Reform

CHAPTER 2 Expenditure Reform »

Source: From Stimulus to Consolidation : Revenue and Expenditure Policies in Advanced and Emerging Economies

Series: Departmental Papers / Policy Papers

Author(s): Benedict Clements , Juan Toro R. , and Victoria Perry

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 06 October 2010

ISBN: 9781616350420

Keywords: pension, retirement, tax rates, pensions, taxation

Expenditure Reform: Key Principles Expenditure reforms should be guided by two objectives: Improving the efficien...

II World Economic Situation and Short-Term Prospects

II World Economic Situation and Short-Term Prospects »

Source: World Economic Outlook, May 1994

Series: World Economic Outlook

Author(s): International Monetary Fund. Research Dept.

Publisher: INTERNATIONAL MONETARY FUND

Publication Date: 08 February 1995

ISBN: 9781557753816

Keywords: interest, debt, unemployment, payments, inflation

World output is projected to expand by 3 percent in 1994 and by 3¾ percent in 1995 as the global economy continues its gradual recovery (Table 1). The expansions that are now clearly under way in North Ameri...